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Listed 100 (total found 180) sub titles with search on: Monuments reported by ancient authors for wider area of: "ARCADIA Prefecture PELOPONNISOS" .


Monuments reported by ancient authors (180)

Editor's remarks

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Asylum

Among the Greek sanctuaries which were really privileged and where the right of asylum was confirmed by law, we must distinguish between those of merely local sanctity and those to which fugitives might have recourse from a distance. To the latter, more famous, class belonged the temple of Athena Alea at Tegea



Ancient agoras

MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Ancient marketplace

The river Helisson divides Megalopolis and in the north section, on the right as one looks down the river, the townsfolk have made their market-place.


Ancient altars

LYKEON (Mountain) ARCADIA

Altar of Lycaean Zeus

On the highest point of the mountain is a mound of earth, forming an altar of Zeus Lycaeus, and from it most of the Peloponnesus can be seen. Before the altar on the east stand two pillars, on which there were of old gilded eagles. On this altar they sacrifice in secret to Lycaean Zeus. I was reluctant to pry into the details of the sacrifice; let them be as they are and were from the beginning. (Paus. 8,38,7). Many ancient writers mention that human sacrifices were offered to the Lycaean Zeus, even in Pausanias' time, but that the offer would not bring any result if details of the ritual were published.


Lycaean Zeus


LYKOSSOURA (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Altars of Demeter, the Mistress, the Great Mother

From Acacesium it is four stades to the sanctuary of the Mistress. First in this place is a temple of Artemis Leader, with a bronze image, holding torches, which I conjecture to be about six feet high. As you go to the temple there is a portico on the right, with reliefs of white marble on the wall. On the first relief are wrought Fates and Zeus surnamed Guide of Fate, and on the second Heracles wresting a tripod from Apollo. In the portico by the Mistress there is, between the reliefs I have mentioned, a tablet with descriptions of the mysteries. On the third relief are nymphs and Pans; on the fourth is Polybius, the son of Lycortas. On the latter is also an inscription, declaring that Greece would never have fallen at all, if she had obeyed Polybius in everything, and when she met disaster her only help came from him.


The Megaron (Ritual Hall) of Despoina

  When you have gone up a little, beside the temple of Despoina (the Mistress), on the right is what is called Megaron, where the Arcadians celebrate mysteries and sacrifice to the Mistress many victims in generous fashion. Every man of them sacrifices what he possesses. This Mistress the Arcadians worship more than any other god, declaring that she is a daughter of Poseidon and Demeter. Mistress is her surname among the many, just as they surname Demeter's daughter by Zeus the Maid. But whereas the real name of the Maid is Persephone, as Homer and Pamphos before him say in their poems, the real name of the Mistress I am afraid to write to the uninitiated. Beyond what is called the Hall is a grove, sacred to the Mistress and surrounded by a wall of stones, and within it are trees, including an olive and an evergreen oak growing out of one root, and that not the result of a clever piece of gardening.


The Altar of Poseidon Hippios

Beyond the grove are altars of Poseidon Hippios, as being the father of the Mistress, and of other gods as well. On the last of them is an inscription saying that it is common to all the gods.


MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Altar of Ares

At no great distance is an altar of Ares, and it was said that originally a sanctuary too was built for the god.


TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Altar of Earth

Close to the sanctuary of Eileithyia is an altar of Earth.


Altar of the Maid

Not far from it are two sanctuaries of Dionysus, an altar of the Maid, and a temple of Apollo with a gilded image.


Altar of Athena Alea

The altar for the goddess was made, they say, by Melampus, the son of Amythaon. Represented on the altar are Rhea and the nymph Oenoe holding the baby Zeus. On either side are four figures: on one, Glauce, Neda, Theisoa and Anthracia; on the other Ide, Hagno, Alcinoe and Phrixa. There are also images of the Muses and of Memory.


Altar of Zeus Teleius (Full-grown)

There is also an altar of Zeus Teleius (Full-grown), with a square image, a shape of which the Arcadians seem to me to be exceedingly fond.


Ancient sacred caves

MENALON (Mountain) LEVIDI

Rhea's cave

On the summit of the mountain is Rhea's Cave, into which no human beings may enter save only the women who are sacred to the goddess.


PARTHENION (Mountain) KORYTHIO

The grottos of Pan and of Apollo

The grottos of Pan and of Apollo have been excavated by M. Cavvadias (1897). There are two caves with narrow entrances, partly blocked by natural pillars of rock, so that they offer complete seclusion, though but narrow space within. These would be suitable for the secret meetings of Apollo and Creusa (Ion 10 f., 492 f., 936 f.), which Pausanias (i. 28. 4) places in the cave of Apollo, but Euripides in that of Pan, as does Aristophanes that of Cinesias and Myrrhina (Lys. 911 f.). Subsequently the worship of Apollo seems to have been transferred to the more open cave where votive tablets were found (Gardner, Athens, p. 93 f.; for a full discussion with plan cf. D'Ooge, Acropolis, pp. 6-9), the more secret caves being now the shrine of Pan. In the grotto was a statue of Pan (Anthol. Plan. 232; cf. 259) with an inscription ascribed to Simonides, fr. 136 ton tragopoun eme Pana, ton Arkada, ton kata Medon, | ton met' Athenaion stesato Miltiades. Such a statue, now at Cambridge, was discovered in a garden at the foot of the Acropolis, but it appears to have decorated a column or balustrade like the similar statue found in Peiraeus (Michaelis, Ancient Marbles in Great Britain, p. 248). The representations of the cave of Pan on Attic coins of Antonine date, giving views of the Acropolis, appear to be too inaccurate to be of service (J. H. S. viii, pp. 24-5). His worship may have been established or revived by Cimon (katastanton sphi eu ede ton pregmaton). (Cf. Macan, ii. 153, 181.)


Ancient sanctuaries

Sanctuary of Demeter Eleusinian

The sanctuary of Eleusinian Demeter is on the borders of Thelpusa. In it are images, each no less than seven feet high, of Demeter, her daughter, and Dionysus, all alike of stone (Paus. 8,25,3). The village Divritsa changed its name to Dimitra when the ancient sanctuary of Demeter Eleusinian was brought to light (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 278, note of the left column).


EGYTIS (Ancient area) ARKADIA

Sanctuary of Apollo Cereatas

The source of the Carnion is in Aegytian territory beneath the sanctuary of Apollo Cereatas.


GORTYS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Sanctuary of Asclepius

As you go from the source of the river, you will reach first a place called Maratha, and after it Gortys, which to-day is a village, but of old was a city. Here there is a temple of Asclepius, made of Pentelic marble, with the god, as a beardless youth, and an image of Health. Scopas was the artist. The natives also say that Alexander the son of Philip dedicated to Asclepius his breastplate and spear. The breastplate and the head of the spear are still there to-day.


KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI

Sanctuary of Poseidon

The Caphyatans have a sanctuary of the god Poseidon.


Sanctuary of Artemis Cnacalesia

The Caphyatans have a sanctuary of the god Poseidon, and one of the goddess Artemis, surnamed Cnacalesia.


KAOS (Ancient city) KONTOVAZENA

Sanctuary of Causian Asclepius

In the Thelpusian territory is a river called Arsen (Male). Cross this and go on for about twenty-five stades, when you will arrive at the ruins of the village Caus, with a sanctuary of Causian Asclepius, built on the road.


KERASSITSA (Village) TEGEA

Aphneus (Abundant)

Sanctuary of, a title of Ares.


KORYTHIS (Ancient city) KORYTHIO

Sanctuary of Dionysus Mystic

Along the straight road there are many oaks, and in the grove of oaks is a temple of Demeter called "in Corythenses". Hard by is another sanctuary, that of Mystic Dionysus.


KRITEAS (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Small wood of Apollo Parrhasius

There is a place on Mount Lycaeus called Cretea, on the left of the grove of Apollo surnamed Parrhasian (Paus. 8,38,2).


LEVIDI (Small town) MANTINIA

Sanctuary of Artemis Hymnia

In the territory of Orchomenus, on the left of the road from Anchisiae, there is on the slope of the mountain the sanctuary of Artemis Hymnia. The Mantineans, too, share it . . . a priestess also and a priest. It is the custom for these to live their whole lives in purity, not only sexual but in all respects, and they neither wash nor spend their lives as do ordinary people, nor do they enter the home of a private man. They also hold an annual festival in honor of Artemis Hymnia. At that (the old) time the office of priestess to the goddess was still always held by a girl who was a virgin. The maiden persisted in resisting the advances of Aristocrates, but at last, when she had taken refuge in the sanctuary, she was outraged by him near the image of Artemis. When the crime came to be generally known, the Arcadians stoned the culprit.


LYKEON (Mountain) ARCADIA

Sanctuary of Pan

There is on Mountain Lycaeus a sanctuary of Pan, and a grove of trees around it, with a race-course in front of which is a running-track. Of old they used to hold here the Lycaean games. Here there are also bases of statues, with now no statues on them. On one of the bases an elegiac inscription declares that the statue was a portrait of Astyanax, and that Astyanax was of the race of Arcas.


Sanctuary of Apollo Parrhasian or Pythian

On the east side of the mountain there is a sanctuary of Apollo surnamed Parrhasian. They also give him the name Pythian. They hold every year a festival in honor of the god and sacrifice in the market-place a boar to Apollo Helper, and after the sacrifice here they at once carry the victim to the sanctuary of Parrhasian Apollo in procession to the music of the flute; cutting out the thigh-bones they burn them, and also consume the meat of the victim on the spot.


LYKOA (Ancient city) FALANTHOS

Sanctuary of Artemis Lycoan

Under the fringe of the Maenalian are traces of a city Lycoa, a sanctuary of Artemis Lycoan, and a bronze image of her.


LYKOSSOURA (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

The Sanctuary of Pan

  Thence you will ascend by stairs to a sanctuary of Pan. Within the sanctuary has been made a portico, and a small image; and this Pan too, equally with the most powerful gods, can bring men's prayers to accomplishment and repay the wicked as they deserve. Beside this Pan a fire is kept burning which is never allowed to go out. It is said that in days of old this god also gave oracles, and that the nymph Erato became his prophetess, she who wedded Arcas, the son of Callisto. They also remember verses of Erato, which I too myself have read. Here is an altar of Ares, and there are two images of Aphrodite in a temple, one of white marble, and the other, the older, of wood. There are also wooden images of Apollo and of Athena. Of Athena a sanctuary also has been made.


MAGOULA (Village) TEGEA

Sanctuary of Pan

Crossing the Garates and advancing ten stades you come to a sanctuary of Pan, by which is an oak, like the sanctuary sacred to Pan.


MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Sanctuary of Poseidon

By the foot of the mountain is the sanctuary of Horse Poseidon. The modern sanctuary was built by the Emperor Hadrian, who set overseers over the workmen, so that nobody might look into the old sanctuary, and none of the ruins be removed. He ordered them to build around the new temple. Originally, they say, this sanctuary was built for Poseidon by Agamedes and Trophonius, who worked oak logs and fitted them together. They set up no barrier at the entrance to prevent men going inside; but they stretched across it a thread of wool. Perhaps they thought that even this would strike fear into the religious people of that time, and perhaps there was also some power in the thread. It is notorious that even Aepytus, the son of Hippothous, entered the sanctuary neither by jumping over the thread nor by slipping under it, but by cutting it through. For this sin he was blinded by a wave that dashed on to his eyes, and forthwith his life left him.


Sanctuary of Black Aphrodite

Farther off from Melangeia, about seven stades distant from Mantineia, there is a well called the Well of the Meliasts. Near the well is a hall of Dionysus and a sanctuary of Black Aphrodite. This surname of the goddess is simply due to the fact that men do not, as the beasts do, have sexual intercourse always by day, but in most cases by night.


Sanctuary of Zeus Saviour

The articles of the treaty, the oaths, and the alliance shall be inscribed on a stone pillar by the Athenians in the citadel, by the Argives in the market-place, in the temple of Apollo; by the Mantineans in the temple of Zeus, in the market-place.


Sanctuary of Zeus Giver of Gifts

The Mantineans have other sanctuaries also, one of Zeus Saviour, and one of Zeus Giver of Gifts, in that he gives good things to men.


Sanctuary of the Dioscuri

There is also a sanctuary of the Dioscuri.


Sanctuary of Demeter and the Maid

There is also a sanctuary of the Dioscuri, and in another place one of Demeter and the Maid. Here they keep a fire, taking anxious care not to let it go out.


Sanctuary of Athena Alea

They (the Mantineans) also worship Athena Alea, of whom they have a sanctuary and an image.


Sanctuary of Artemis

In addition to the roads mentioned there are two others, leading to Orchomenus. On one is what is called the stadium of Ladas, where Ladas practised his running, and by it a sanctuary of Artemis.


MARIOS (Ancient city) LEONIDION

Sanctuary common to all the gods

Marius is another town of the Free Laconians, distant from Geronthrae one hundred stades. Here is an ancient sanctuary common to all the gods, and around it is a grove containing springs.


Sanctuary of Artemis

Marius is another town of the Free Laconians, distant from Geronthrae one hundred stades. Here is an ancient sanctuary common to all the gods, and around it is a grove containing springs. In a sanctuary of Artemis also there are springs.


MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Sanctuary of Lycaean Zeus

In the marketplace is an enclosure of stones and a sanctuary of Lycaean Zeus, with no entrance into it. The things inside, however, can be seen --altars of the god, two tables, two eagles, and an image of Pan made of stone. His surname is Sinoeis, and they say that Pan was so surnamed after a nymph Sinoe, who with others of the nymphs nursed him on her own account. There is before this enclosure a bronze image of Apollo worth seeing, in height twelve feet, brought from Phigalia as a contribution to the adornment of Megalopolis. The place where the image was originally set up by the Phigalians is named Bassae. The surname of the god has followed him from Phigalia, but why he received the name of Helper will be set forth in my account of Phigalia. On the right of the Apollo is a small image of the Mother of the Gods, but of the temple there remains nothing save the pillars.


Sanctuary of Zeus Saviour

Quite near to the Stoa of Aristander, on the east, is a sanctuary of Zeus, surnamed Saviour. It is adorned with pillars round it. Zeus is seated on a throne, and by his side stand Megalopolis on the right and an image of Artemis Saviour on the left. These are of Pentelic marble and were made by the Athenians Cephisodotus and Xenophon.


Sanctuary of Asclepius

Here there is a sanctuary of Asclepius, with images of the god and of Health.


Sanctuary of Boy Asclepius

Under this hill there is another sanctuary of Boy Asclepius. His image is upright and about a cubit in height, that of Apollo is seated on a throne and is not less than six feet high. Here are also kept bones, too big for those of a human being, about which the story ran that they were those of one of the giants mustered by Hopladamus to fight for Rhea, as my story will relate hereafter. Near this sanctuary is a spring, the water flowing down from which is received by the Helisson.


Sanctuary of Maniae or Eumenides

As you go from Megalopolis to Messene, after advancing about seven stades, there stands on the left of the highway a sanctuary of goddesses. They call the goddesses themselves, as well as the district around the sanctuary, Maniae (Madnesses). In my view this is a surname of the Eumenides; in fact they say that it was here that madness overtook Orestes as punishment for shedding his mother's blood.


Sanctuary of Artemis Sciatis

Thirteen stades from Megalopolis is a place called Scias, where are ruins of a sanctuary of Artemis Sciatis, said to have been built by Aristodemus the tyrant.


Sanctuary of Athena Contriver

There is also a sanctuary of Athena surnamed Contriver, because the goddess is the inventor of plans and devices of all sorts.


Sanctuary of the Great Goddesses

At the other end, the western, of the portico is an enclosure sacred to the Great Goddesses. The Great Goddesses are Demeter and the Maid, as I have already explained in my account of Messenia, and the Maid is called Saviour by the Arcadians.


Sanctuary of Aphrodite Machanitis (Deviser)

Within the enclosure of the Great Goddesses is also a sanctuary of Aphrodite. Before the entrance are old wooden images of Hera, Apollo and the Muses, brought, it is said, from Trapezus, and in the temple are images made by Damophon, a wooden Hermes and a wooden Aphrodite with hands, face and feet of stone. The surname Deviser given to the goddess is, in my opinion, a most apt one; for very many are the devices, and most varied are the forms of speech invented by men because of Aphrodite and her works.


Sanctuary of the Maid

To the right of the temple of the Great Goddesses there is also a sanctuary of the Maid. The image is of stone, about eight feet high; ribbons cover the pedestal all over. Women may enter this sanctuary at all times, but men enter it only once every year.


Sanctuary of Athena Polias

Behind the portico called after Philip of Macedon are two hills, rising to no great height. Ruins of a sanctuary of Athena Polias are on one.


Sanctuary of the Muses, Apollo and Hermes

The sanctuary built in common for the Muses, Apollo and Hermes had for me to record only a few foundations, but there was still one of the Muses, with an image of Apollo after the style of the square Hermae.


Sanctuary of Aphrodite

The sanctuary of Aphrodite too was in ruins, save that there were left the fore-temple mid three images, one surnamed Heavenly, the second Common, and the third without a surname.


Curion

Near to the place called Ace is another . . . a sanctuary called . . . because here Orestes cut off his hair on coming to his senses.


NESTANI (Acropolis) MANTINIA

Sanctuary of Demeter

After the ruins of Nestane is a holy sanctuary of Demeter, and every year the Mantineans hold a festival in her honor.


OGION (Ancient city) TROPEA

Sanctuary of Demeter Fury

After Thelpusa the Ladon descends to the sanctuary of Demeter in Onceium. The images in the temple are of wood, but their faces, hands and feet are of Parian marble. The image of Fury holds what is called the chest, and in her right hand a torch; her height I conjecture to be nine feet. Lusia seemed to be six feet high.


Sanctuary of Boy Asclepius

The Ladon, leaving on the left the sanctuary of the Fury, passes on the left the temple of Oncaeatian Apollo, and on the right a sanctuary of Boy Asclepius, where is the tomb of Trygon, who is said to have been the nurse of Asclepius. For the story is that Asclepius, when little, was exposed in Thelpusa, but was found by Autolaus, the illegitimate son of Arcas, who reared the baby, and for this reason Boy Asclepius.


ORCHOMENOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI

Sanctuary of Artemis Hymnia

In the territory of Orchomenus, on the left of the road from Anchisiae, there is on the slope of the mountain the sanctuary of Artemis Hymnia.


Sanctuary of Poseidon

Worth seeing here is a spring, from which they draw water, and there are sanctuaries of Poseidon and of Aphrodite, the images being of stone.


Sanctuary of Aphrodite

Worth seeing here is a spring, from which they draw water, and there are sanctuaries of Poseidon and of Aphrodite, the images being of stone.


ORESTHION (Ancient city) VALTETSI

Sanctuary of Artemis Priestess

After Haemoniae on the right of the road are some noteworthy remains of the city of Oresthasium, especially the pillars of a sanctuary of Artemis, which still are there. The surname of Artemis is Priestess.


PALLANTION (Ancient city) TRIPOLI

Sanctuary of the Maid

There is also a sanctuary of the Maid, the daughter of Demeter, and not far away is a statue of Polybius.


Sanctuary of the Pure Gods

The hill above the city was of old used as a citadel. On the crest of the hill there still remains a sanctuary of certain gods. Their surname is the Pure, and here it is customary to take the most solemn oaths. The names of the gods either they do not know, or knowing will not divulge; but it might be inferred that they were called Pure because Pallas did not sacrifice to them after the same fashion as his father sacrificed to Lycaean Zeus.


PARTHENION (Mountain) KORYTHIO

Sanctuary of Pan

A little farther on is a sanctuary of Pan, where Athenians and Tegeans agree that he appeared to Philippides and conversed with him. Mount Parthenius rears also tortoises most suitable for the making of harps; but the men on the mountain are always afraid to capture them, and will not allow strangers to do so either, thinking them to be sacred to Pan.


PERETHEI (Ancient small town) VALTETSI

Sanctuary of Pan

Going on from Paliscius and leaving on the left the Elaphus, an intermittent stream, after an advance of some twenty stades you reach ruins of Peraethenses, among which is a sanctuary of Pan.


PRASSIES (Ancient city) LEONIDION

Sanctuary of Asclepius

The temples here are those of Asclepius and of Achilles, in whose honor they hold an annual festival.


Sanctuary of Achilles

The temples here are those of Asclepius and of Achilles, in whose honor they hold an annual festival.


SKOPI (Village) TRIPOLI

Sanctuary of Zeus Charmon

Just about a stade from the grave of Epaminondas is a sanctuary of Zeus surnamed Charmon.


TEFTHIS (Ancient city) DIMITSANA

Sanctuary of Aphrodite

There are also at Teuthis sanctuaries of Aphrodite and Artemis.


Sanctuary of Artemis

There are also at Teuthis sanctuaries of Aphrodite and Artemis.


TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Sanctuary of Athena Alea

The ancient sanctuary of Athena Alea was made for the Tegeans by Aleus. The sanctuary was utterly destroyed by a fire which suddenly broke out when Diophantus was archon at Athens, in the second year of the ninety-sixth Olympiad, at which Eupolemus of Elis won the foot-race.


Athena Alea


Sanctuary of Athena Poliatis (Keeper of the City)

There is at Tegea another sanctuary of Athena, namely of Athena Poliatis (Keeper of the City) into which a priest enters once in each year. This sanctuary they name Eryma (Defence) saying that Cepheus, the son of Aleus, received from Athena a boon, that Tegea should never be captured while time shall endure, adding that the goddess cut off some of the hair of Medusa and gave it to him as a guard to the city.


Sanctuary of Artemis Hegemone (leader)

It was built by an Orchomenian named Chronius.


Sanctuaries of Dionysus

Not far from it (the temple of Aphrodite Paphian) are two sanctuaries of Dionysus.


Sanctuary of Apollo Pythian

Next, turning aside to the left for about a stade, you see a dilapidated sanctuary of Apollo surnamed Pythian which is utterly in ruins.


Sanctuary of Artemis Limnatis

About seven stades farther on is a sanctuary of Artemis, surnamed Lady of the Lake, with an image of ebony. The fashion of the workmanship is what the Greeks call Aeginetan (Paus. 8,53,11). It was on the road from Tegea to Laconia, at the location Aspela near Piali (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 408, note 2).


THELPOUSSA (Ancient city) TROPEA

Sanctuary of the twelve gods

Thelpusa has a temple of Asclepius and a sanctuary of the twelve gods; the greater part of this, I found, lay level with the ground.


TRIKOLONI (Ancient city) TRIKOLONES

Sanctuary of Poseidon

Once Tricoloni also was a city, and even to-day there still remains on a hill a sanctuary of Poseidon with a square image, and around the sanctuary stands a grove of trees.


VASSILIS (Ancient city) GORTYS

Sanctuary of Demeter Eleusinian

To-day Basilis is in ruins, among which remains a sanctuary of Eleusinian Demeter (Paus. 8,29,5). This sanctuary was said to have been built by Cypselus, who had also established a beauty contest for women at the same sanctuary (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol.4, p. 307, note 7)].


Ancient stadiums

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Race-course outside Mantinea

On the left of the highway leading to Tegea there is, beside the walls of Mantineia, a place where horses race, and not far from it is a race-course, where they celebrate the games in honor of Antinous.


The stadium of Ladas

In addition to the roads mentioned there are two others, leading to Orchomenus. On one is what is called the stadium of Ladas, where Ladas practised his running,


MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

The race-course of Megalopolis

Beyond the Aphrodite is built also a race-course, extending on one side to the theater (and here they have a spring, held sacred to Dionysus), while at the other end of the race-course a temple of Dionysus was said to have been struck by lightning two generations before my time, and a few ruins of it were still there when I saw it.


MENALOS (Ancient city) FALANTHOS

Race-courses at Maenalus

There are still left ruins of Maenalus itself: traces of a temple of Athena, one race-course for athletes and one for horses.


STADIO (Village) TEGEA

The stadium of Tegea

Not far from the temple is a stadium formed by a mound of earth, where they celebrate games, one festival called Aleaea after Athena, the other Halotia (Capture Festival) because they captured the greater part of the Lacedaemonians alive in the battle.


Ancient statues

AKAKISSION (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Statue of Hermes Acacesian

After crossing the river it is two stades from the Alpheius to the ruins of Macareae, from these to the ruins of Daseae seven stades, and seven again from Daseae to the hill called Acacesian Hill. At the foot of this hill used to be a city Acacesium, and even to-day there is on the hill a stone image of Acacesian Hermes, the story of the Arcadians about it being that here the child Hermes was reared, and that Acacus the son of Lycaon became his foster-father.
This extract is from: Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Harvard University Press
Cited Sept. 2002 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


KROMI (Ancient city) FALESSIA

Hermaeum at boundary

Of Messenia and Megalopolis.


LYKOSSOURA (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

The Cult Statues by Damophon

  The actual images of the goddesses, Mistress and Demeter, the throne on which they sit, along with the footstool under their feet, are all made out of one piece of stone. No part of the drapery, and no part of the carvings about the throne, is fastened to another stone by iron or cement, but the whole is from one block. Τhe size of both images just about corresponds to the image of the Mother at Athens. These too are works of Damophon. Demeter carries a torch in her right hand; her other hand she has laid upon the Mistress. The Mistress has on her knees a staff and what is called the box, which she holds in her right hand. On both sides of the throne are images. By the side of Demeter stands Artemis wrapped in the skin of a deer, and carrying a quiver on her shoulders, while in one hand she holds a torch, in the other two serpents; by her side a bitch, of a breed suitable for hunting, is lying down. By the image of the Mistress stands Anytus, represented as a man in armour.


MANTHYREA (Ancient city) TEGEA

Statue of Athena Ippia (Horse Goddess)

The present image at Tegea was brought from the parish of Manthurenses, and among them it had the surname of Hippia (Horse Goddess). According to their account, when the battle of the gods and giants took place the goddess drove the chariot and horses against Enceladus. Yet this goddess too has come to receive the name of Alea among the Greeks generally and the Peloponnesians themselves.


MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Statues of the Workers

A little lower down there are gods, also of square shape, surnamed Workers, Athena Worker and Apollo, God of Streets (Paus. 8,32,4). Athena was the patron of housework and Apollo the patron of agricultural works (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 319, note 5).


NEOCHORI (Village) FALESSIA

Hermaeum at boundary

Of Messenia and Megalopolis.


ORCHOMENOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI

Wooden image of Artemis Cedreatis

Near the city is a wooden image of Artemis. It is set in a large cedar tree, and after the tree they call the goddess the Lady of the Cedar.


PALLANTION (Ancient city) TRIPOLI

Statue of Polybius

There is also a sanctuary of the Maid, the daughter of Demeter, and not far away is a statue of Polybius.


PRASSIES (Ancient city) LEONIDION

Statues of the Dioscuri or of the Corybantes

There is a small promontory at Brasiae, which projects gently into the sea; on it stand bronze figures, not more than a foot high, with caps on their heads. I am not sure whether they consider them to be Dioscuri or Corybants. They are three in number; a statue of Athena makes a fourth.


Statue of Athena

There is a small promontory at Brasiae, which projects gently into the sea; on it stand bronze figures, not more than a foot high, with caps on their heads. I am not sure whether they consider them to be Dioscuri or Corybants. They are three in number; a statue of Athena makes a fourth.


TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Statue of Asclepius

On one side of the image of Athena stands Asclepius, on the other Health, works of Scopas of Paros in Pentelic marble.


Statue of Hygeia (health)

On one side of the image of Athena stands Asclepius, on the other Health, works of Scopas of Paros in Pentelic marble.


Statue of Heracles

The Tegeans also have what they call a Common Hearth of the Arcadians. Here there is an image of Heracles, and on his thigh is represented a wound received in the first fight with the sons of Hippocoon.


The old statue of Athena Alea

The ancient image of Athena Alea, and with it the tusks of the Calydonian boar, were carried away by the Roman emperor Augustus after his defeat of Antonius and his allies, among whom were all the Arcadians except the Mantineans. The image of Athena Alea at Rome is as you enter the Forum made by Augustus. Here then it has been set up, made throughout of ivory, the work of Endoeus. Those in charge of the curiosities say that one of the boar's tusks has broken off; the remaining one is kept in the gardens of the emperor, in a sanctuary of Dionysus, and is about half a fathom long.


The new statue of Athena Alea

The present image at Tegea was brought from the parish of Manthurenses, and among them it had the surname of Hippia (Horse Goddess). According to their account, when the battle of the gods and giants took place the goddess drove the chariot and horses against Enceladus. Yet this goddess too has come to receive the name of Alea among the Greeks generally and the Peloponnesians themselves.


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