Meganisi is a small island covered in vegetation lying to the east
of Lefkada with an area of almost 20 square kilometres and a permanent population
of 1,200. It lies at a distance of four nautical miles from Nydri
with which there is a daily ferry-boat connection. It has three villages, Vathy
and three quaint ports, Spilia
at Spartochori, Atherino at Katomeri and Vathy. The island's capital is the village
of Katomeri, which is located high above Vathy and is also the seat of the Municipality
In ancient times Meganisi was probably known as the island of the
Tafiots. This name appears for the first time in Homer, probably taken from the
myth of Tafios, son of Poseidon and King of the region. Homer mentions that, when
he left for Troy
entrusted King Mentor of the Tafiots with his ships.
Other people believe that Meganisi was the island of Asteria, which
is also mentioned by Homer. On Meganisi there are still several bays in which
ships sailing over the Ionian Sea can find shelter. These include Ambelaki, Balos,
Platiyiali, Svourna, Kolopoulos, Dichali, Limonari, Elia, Limni, whilst there
are also caves in the south-east of the island. The most noted of these is the
so-called Cave of Papanikolis. This is a cave situated in the sea on the island's
south-west coast; it is around 30 metres deep and has sand in its interior. Tradition
has it that this was one of the hiding places for Papanikolis' submarine, so that
the enemy would not spot it.
It is also said that during the period of Turkish rule a priest (papas)
and his students sought refuge here in order to save themselves from the pirates.
Other interesting caves are the Giovani cave, a little further above the Cave
of Papanikolis, and the Daimonas cave. These beautiful caves can only be reached
via the sea. Every day, small caiques come here and to the island's surrounding
sandy beaches, giving the visitor to Meganisi the opportunity to view this exceptional
scene, with the sheer, hanging cliffs. The villages consist of small farmers'
houses, many of which are stone-built.
The pretty little streets, tiny like 'kantounia' or alleyways, evoke
other eras and the few cars which exist on the island, as well as the small bus
which serves all the island's residents and visitors, are careful when moving
around. Spartochori is built above the port of Spilia on high cliffs with an exceptional
view. The area is a luscious green. Pine trees reach out until as far as the edge
of the sea and provide the perfect shade for walking. The ascent up the footpath
from the port to the village high above is made easier with the help of some small
steps. Somewhere in the middle of this walk there is a small opening onto the
Cave of the Cyclops, which is still unexplored.
Many locals believe that this cave is very large and it is quite likely
that the area took its name from the cave, as 'spilia' means cave in Greek. Katomeri
is three kilometres further down.
The small and spartan, clean little houses also provide the stamp
of the rural life of the village's inhabitants. Those who have stayed are farmers
and fishermen, whilst those who left were expert boatmen and sea captains. Olives
and vines are the main cultivations here as well. Large olive groves, such as
the Misoi olive grove, with giant olive trees which grow on the plateaus and on
slopes fixed with dry stone walls so that they will hold well in the earth, everywhere
fill the landscape. The area thus once had many olive-presses, both privately
and cooperatively owned, only a few of which survive today. There is, however,
one machine which still operates normally. This is the Zavitsanos olive-presses
in the village of Spartochori. The Municipality of Meganisi has recently undertaken
to restore the horse-drawn olive-press of Panoutsos at Vathy and to turn it into
an industrial museum.
Many abandoned windmills are scattered around on the high peaks over
which the winds blow; these were at their most glorious in an earlier period,
in the 19th and 20th centuries. Most of these are on raised areas above the port
of Atherinos. They are situated at points where they will be found by the south,
west and east winds. These mills were all privately owned and usually took the
nicknames of their owners, such as the mills of Bakolas, Patsis or of Hymos. One
of these, Paliomylas (Old Mill) still stands proudly, solidly built in stone,
even though its roof is missing. There are many, around forty, threshing floors
here still, located high up, made of stone and remnants of the old farming life.
They were worked non-stop, so as to separate the wheat from the other produce.
One of these is the Konidaris threshing floor. The island's little water was drawn
from wells which were opened at various points on the island. Today only a few
wells are still in operation, although they stand out for their artistic quality.
Most of them are built in stone and have very low circular walls with
small openings above. The well of Ferentinos at Spilia as well as Rementanis'
well-known one are typical. The island has many valuable Christian monuments.
The small monastery of Ayios Ioannis Prodromos (St John the Baptist) is built
on the pebbly beach on the west of the island. It may no longer have any fine
wall-paintings or architecture to show, but it does have a great history. Without
having been fully confirmed, tradition has it that the monastery was founded before
1477. It is said that it was destroyed by pirates who then threw the Saint's icon
into the sea, from where a fisherman dragged it up in his nets. In 1800, the monk
Ioannis Patrikis, who was from a rich family and much loved on Ithaki and also
on Meganisi, which he visited often, sent a nun over to rebuild the monastery.
The nun made constant appeals for money, along with her assistant
the Meganisian Vasilis Politis. It is said that for this purpose they even reached
as far as the Tsar of Russia. The monastery was finally rebuilt and the nun remained
there until her death. Her grave lies between the foundations of the old and new
walls of the sanctuary. It is believed that the church of the cemetery of the
Ayioi (Saints) Constantine and Eleni, which belongs to the parish of Vathy, was
built in 1620 and the style of the wall-paintings generally fits in with this
date. It is a single-aisled wooden-sculpted church with a built iconostasis.
Sections of a wall-painting representing a horse-backed saint, Ayios
Georgios, were recently found under a thick layer of plaster. There is evidence
that monks lived here before the church was built. In 1790 the shipowner Malamas
restored the temple and donated the land to the cemetery. The new windows which
were opened during the restoration destroyed a part of the wall-painting of Ayios
Georgios. The church of Ayios Nikolaos is also ttached to a cemetery and was recently
restored. It is located in the area of the plain, a little outside of Bosoi, and
dates to the early 19th century.
Meganisi is an island full of unadulterated natural beauty, it is
hospitable and peaceful, without many cars and noisy activities.It is ideal for
walking along the many footpaths which cover the island and the narrow roads which
have little traffic. And it is especially ideal for all those who seek simplicity
and authenticity. The Meganisians, who love their island, are respectful towards
the environment and take good care of it, preserving its features unadulterated.
activities.It is ideal for walking along the many footpaths which cover the island
and the narrow roads which have little traffic. And it is especially ideal for
all those who seek simplicity and uthenticity. The Meganisians, who love their
island, are respectful towards the environment and take good care of it, preserving
its features unadulterated.
http://www.lefkada-monuments.gr/English_version/me... (14 img.)