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DARDANOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
It is a city on the Hellespont, on the foot of the Mt. Ida.

Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)

Abydos, Abydus

AVYDOS (Ancient city) MARMARA
  Abydus (he Abudos, Abydum, Plin. v. 32: Eth. Abudenos, Abydenus), a city of Mysia on the Hellespontus, nearly opposite Sestus on the European shore. It is mentioned as one of the towns in alliance with the Trojans. (Il. ii. 836.) Aidos or Avido, a modern village on the Hellespont, may be the site of Abydos, though the conclusion from a name is not certain. Abydus stood at the narrowest point of the Hellespontus, where the channel is only 7 stadia wide, and it had a small port. It was probably a Thracian town originally, but it became a Milesian colony. (Thuc. viii. 61.) At a point a little north of this town Xerxes placed his bridge of boats, by which his troops were conveyed across the channel to the opposite town of Sestus, B.C. 480. (Herod. vii. 33.) The bridge of boats extended, according to Herodotus, from Abydus to a promontory on the European shore, between Sestus and Madytus. The town possessed a small territory which contained some gold mines, but Strabo speaks of them as exhausted. It was burnt by Darius, the son of Hystaspes, after his Scythian expedition, for fear that the Scythians, who were said to be in pursuit of him, should take possession of it (Strab. p. 591); but it must soon have recovered from this calamity, for it was afterwards a town of some note; and Herodotus (v. 117) states that it was captured by the Persian general, Daurises, with other cities on the Hellespont (B.C. 498), shortly after the commencement of the Ionian revolt. In B.C. 411, Abydus revolted from Athens and joined Dercyllidas, the Spartan commander in those parts. (Thuc. viii. 62.) Subsequently, Abydus made a vigorous defence against Philip II., king of Macedonia, before it surrendered. On the conclusion of the war with Philip (B.C. 196), the Romans declared Abydus, with other Asiatic cities, to be free. (Liv. xxxiii. 30.) The names of Abydus and Sestus are coupled together in the old story of Hero and Leander, who is said to have swam across the channel to visit his mistress at Sestus. The distance between Abydus and Sestus, from port to port, was about 30 stadia, according to Strabo.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


DARDANOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
  Dardanus, Dardanum (he Dardanos, to Dardanon: Eth. Dardaneus), a city of the Troad, originally named Teucris. According to the legend told by Mnaseas (Steph. B. s. v. Dardanos), Dardanus built or settled Dardanus, and named the country Dardania, which was called Teucris before. This old story of Dardanus being the founder of the city, is reported by various other authorities. (Apollod. iii. 12. § 1; Diod. iv. 75; Conon. apud Phot. Narr. 21.) It seems that the city was sometimes called Dardania as well as the country. Pliny (v. 30) names it Dardanium. It was situated on the Hellespont, about a mile south of the promontory Dardanis or Dardanium (Map of the Plain of Troy, by Capt. Graves and T. A. B. Spratt, Esq., London Geog. Journal, vol. xii.), and 70 stadia from Abydus. Between Abydus and Dardanus, says Strabo, is the Rhodius. There are two streams marked in the map: one nearer Dardanus, which enters the Hellespont close to the promontory of Dardanis; and another near Sultania, a little north of which is the site of Abydus. Dr. Forchhammer, in the map referred to, which contains his determination of the ancient sites, makes the stream at Sultania to be the ancient Rhodius; and this appears to be right, according to Strabo, who says that it enters the sea opposite to Cynossema in the Chersonesus. Strabo adds, however, some say that the Rhodius flows into the Aesepus; but of course the Rhodius must then be a different river from the stream that enters the sea between Abydus and Dardanus. Homer mentions the Rhodius (Il. xii. 20).
  Strabo observes that the Dardanus of his time, the town on the coast, was not the old town of Dardanus, or Dardania, which appears from the Iliad to have been at the foot of Ida. It was an older town than Ilium, and did not exist in Strabo's time. The later town was an Aeolian settlement, and it is mentioned among the towns on the Hellespont, which Daurises the Persian took after the burning of Sardis. (Herod. v. 117.) In another place (vi. 43), Herodotus observes that Dardanus bordered on the territory of Abydus; which might also be safely inferred from the passage in the fifth book. It is mentioned by Scylax in his Periplus of the Troad. In the battle between the Athenians and Peloponnesians in the twenty-first year of the Peloponnesian War (B.C. 411), the line of the 68 ships of the Peloponnesians extended from Abydus to Dardanus (Thuc. viii. 104); a statement that can hardly be correct, for the ships that were outside of the promontory of Dardanis would be completely separated from the rest. Strabo says that Dardanus was so weak a place, that the kings, by whom he means Alexander's successors, some of them several times removed all the people to Abydus, and others moved them back again to their old place. On this spot L. Cornelius Sulla and Mithridates met, after Sulla had crossed over from Europe, and here they came to terms about putting an end to the war, B.C. 84. (Strab. p. 595; Plut. Sulla, c. 24.) It was at that time a free city, having been declared such by the Romans after the peace with king Antiochus, B.C. 190, in honour of the Trojan descent of the people. (Liv. xxxvii. 9, 37, xxxviii. 39.)
  There are many imperial coins of Dardanus; and the name of the river Rhodius appears on a medal of Domna. Sestini, Mon. Vet. p. 76. (Cramer, Asia Minor, vol. i. p. 82.) This seems to show that the stream which flows into the Hellespont near the cape Dardanis, is the Rhodius, and not the river nearer Abydus; but it is not decisive. The modern name Dardanelles is generally supposed to be derived from the name of Dardanus.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


KREMASTI (Ancient city) TURKEY
  Cremaste (Kremaste), a place mentioned by Xenophon (Hell. iv. 8. § 37). He speaks of the plain near Cremaste, where there are the gold mines of the Abydeni. If Cremaste was a village, it was probably on a hill above the plain. As Strabo speaks of gold mines at Astyra, it has been conjectured that Astyra and Cremaste are either the same place, or two adjacent places. Gold mines belonging to Lampsacus are mentioned by Pliny (xxxvii. 11) and by Polyaenus (ii. 1. § 26); and they may be the same as those of Cremaste, if we suppose Cremaste to be between Abydus and Lampsacus.

Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities


AVYDOS (Ancient city) MARMARA
A town of the Troad on the Hellespont, and a Milesian colony, nearly opposite to Sestos, but a little lower down the stream. The bridge of boats which Xerxes constructed over the Hellespont, B.C. 480, commenced a little higher up than Abydos, and touched the European shore between Sestos and Madytus.


DARDANOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
   Also Dardanum (Dardanon), a Greek city in the Troad on the Hellespont, twelve Roman miles from Ilium, built by Aeolian colonists, at some distance from the site of the ancient city Dardania. From Dardanum arose the name of the Castles of the Dardanelles, after which the Hellespont is now called.



AVYDOS (Ancient city) MARMARA
  City of northern Asia Minor, on the southern side of the Hellespont.
  Abydos was a colony of Miletus founded around 675 B. C. It is near that city that Xerxes had two bridges built over the Hellespont in order to invade Greece via Thracia in 480, starting the second Medean War. It is on this occasion that, after a tempest destroyed the bridges while under construction, Xerxes, as Herodotus tells us, had the sea whipped (and the engineers beheaded)!

Bernard Suzanne (page last updated 1998), ed.
This extract is cited July 2003 from the Plato and his dialogues URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks.

Perseus Project index


DARDANOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
Total results on 2/5/2001: 25 for Dardanos, 119 for Dardanus.

The Catholic Encyclopedia


The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites


AVYDOS (Ancient city) MARMARA
  City in Mysia 6 km N of Canakkale, first mentioned in the Trojan Catalogue (Il. 2.836). According to Strabo (590-91) it was occupied after the Trojan War by Thracians, until it was settled by Milesians with the consent of Gyges king of Lydia ca. 700 B.C. Burnt by Darios in 512, it formed one end of Xerxes' bridge across the Hellespont. In the Delian Confederacy it paid a tribute of four talents, but was always hostile to Athens (Dem., Aristocr. 158), and in 411 revolted from the confederacy and became a Spartan base. By the peace of Antalkidas it passed to Persia until the arrival of Alexander in 334. In 200 Abydos was attacked by Philip V and taken after a desperate resistance (Polyb. 16.29-34). After the defeat of Philip the city was given freedom by Rome (Livy 33.30), and under the Empire became an important toll station. The abundant coinage extends from the early 5th c. B.C. to the mid 3d c. A.D. Abydos possessed gold mines at a spot called variously Astyra or Kremaste (Xen. 4.8.37), but these were near exhaustion in Strabo's time.
  The site, first recognized in 1675, is on the bay S of Nagara Point; the acropolis hill is called Mal Tepe. This bay is out of the main current and by far the best natural harbor in the straits. The accounts of travelers down to 1830 speak of considerable remains of walls and buildings; later, however, little or nothing could be seen. In this century the area has been a prohibited zone, and for the present state of the site no information is available.

G. E. Bean, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.

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