Skyros is known throughout Greece’s history, beginning with
mythology, when Theseus was killed on Skyros. Achilles was hidden here in king
Lycomides’ court, then was discovered by Odysseus and consequently left
to fight at Troy. As proven by the excavations at Palamari, Skyros was a trade
centre in the Copper Age (2500-1800 BC). In 470 B.C. the Athenian general Kimon
captured the island, driving away the Dolopian pirates who had used Skyros as
a base for their attacks and he brought Athenian settlers to the island. Later,
Skyros fell into the bands of the Macedonians from 332-196 B.C., when it then
returned to Athenian control. During the Roman occupation of Greece
Skyros was enlisted in the "Aegean Sea Theme" being used as an exile
base for powerful enemies. In the beginning of the 13th century A.D. Skyros came
under the command of the Northern Italians (Venetians) and in 1538 was conquered
by the Turkish commander Barbarossa. Skyros was active in the revolution of 1821
and was used as a hiding-place for revolutionaries.
This text (extract) is cited July 2003 from the Municipality of Skyros tourist pamphlet (1996).
The inhabitants of Skyros were enslaved and their land was apportioned to Athenian settlers.
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