In 1926 two relatively small tholos tombs were excavated by Th. Karachalios
on the site "Spelies". On the same site a vaulted cutting was discovered in 1970
by the then director of the Ephorate G. Steinchauer. The large tholoi tombs and
the prehistoric remains on the acropolis of Pellana were uncovered during excavations
conducted by the current director of the Ephorate Dr. Th. Spyropoulos, in 1980-1995.
The Direction of Restoration of Antiquities in the Ministry of Culture
has made specific studies for the strengthening and covering of the big tholos
tomb but work has not started yet.
The most important monuments of the site are:
Cemetery of rock-cut tholos tombs, dated to the Mycenaean period on the
site "Spelies". The largest was constructed in the Early Mycenaean period (1500
B.C.); the diameter of its tholos was 10m. It is certainly a royal tomb.
The acropolis of Pellana on which are preserved remains of walls dated to
the Hellenistic period and also ruins dated to the period of Frankish domination.
The acropolis of Pellana situated on the hill "Palaiokastro" where recent
excavations conducted brought into light remains of habitation, dated to the Early
Helladic period (perhaps a palatial structure).
On the first terrace east and after the top of the acropolis was revealed
one of probably many more tumuli, dated to the Early Helladic period (2500 B.C.).
The tumulus was surrounded by stone crepis. In situ were found burials and dump.
On the south slope of the hill was revealed part of a settlement which
was inhabited in the Mycenaean and Hellenistic periods. A monumental stone paved
road of Mycenaean date, which was later repaired, leads from the east foot of
the acropolis to the top or to another site on the hill where it is expected to
be found an important building, perhaps the Mycenaean palace of the area. The
excavator Dr. Th. Spyropoulos suggests that Pellana is the Homeric city Lakedaimon
where Menelaos and Helen had their palaces.
Art & culture
Bronze Age, 3200-1050 BC
Houses: Early Helladic period, 3200-2000 BC
Tombs: Early Helladic period, 3200-2000 BCMycenaean civilization, 1600-1100 BC