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Acropolis of Kavala

Last Update: Nov 2013
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Acropolis of Kavala - Overview

  The acropolis of Kavala is one of the medieval fortification walls of the "white era", that is, the period before the use of gunpowder in war practice. The construction of the towers, entrances and walls is distinguished by the lack of strong defensive character.
  Diggings for the construction of modern buildings at the area of the headland of Panagia are inspected by the local Ephorate of Antiquities.
  In the years 1964-1969, extensive restoration and consolidation work took place, including the reconstruction of parts of the wall. Later, in the years between 1973-74 and 1978-79, the coastal wall, behind the Customs House of Kavala, was also restored. Moreover, the Technical Chamber of Greece and the Polytechnic University of Athens in collaboration with the 12th Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities are studying the restoration and repairing of the joints of the blocks in order to prevent the destruction caused at several points by the deposits of earth and the weight of the superimposing houses.

  The most important monuments of the site are:

The acropolis of Kavala. It stands on the top of the rocky headland of Panagia and overlooks the modern city. It was built at the beginning of the 15th century at the site of the Byzantine acropolis which was destroyed in 1391. It contains all the typical defensive structures, that is the bastion, the water cistern, the storehouse for military equiment (later used as a prison), a guard's house and the circular tower which was preserved from the Byzantine period.

The coastal wall. This part of the medieval wall of Kavala, built in many architectural phases, encloses the rocky headland of the traditional settlement of Panagia of Kavala.

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