Archaeological Museum of Gytheion
Last Update: Dec 2005
Head office(Est. 1980)
Tel.: +30 27330 22427
Fax: +30 27330 22427
Archaeological Museum of Gytheion - Overview
Until 1996, the museum was housed in the neo-classical building of
the Town Hall, which was rebuilt in 1891. The museum will soon be transferred
to the town's old Girls' School, a neo-classical building which is currently being
The original collection was established 80 years ago, with the contributions
of certain antiquarians, inhabitants of Gytheion. The exhibition halls were organised
The exhibition of the museum includes representative works of the
flourishing trading city of Gytheion and the other cites of the League of the
Among the exhibits are the following collections:
Finds from excavations, collections and gifts, from the ancient city of
Finds from field surveys in Lakonian Mani (areas of Gytheion and Oitylon)
Collection of inscriptions with important documents concerning the political
and social history of the area during the Roman conquest.
The most important items of the museum are:
Stele crowned with a ram's head from the ancient city of Las (modern community
of Chosiari, in Mani). It is a zoomorphic representation of god Karneios (Apollo),
dated to the Archaic period (inv. no. 130).
Fragment of a relief, of the type called "Lakonian hero reliefs". An enthroned
figure is represented, along with a standing worshipper. It comes from the ancient
city of Las and dates to the Archaic period (inv. no. 87).
Rectangular plaque with an inscription on the cymation reading "to Aphrodite,
crowned with violets". It was found at Dichova, in Mani, where there was a sanctuary,
probably of Aphrodite. Dated to the Archaic period (inv. no. 105).
Votive relief, dedicated to a healer god (Machaon ?). A leg is pictured,
from the middle of the thigh to the sole; the inscription "... dedicated it" is
preserved. From the ancient Kaine polis or city of the Tainarioi (modern villages
of Alika and Kyparissos, in Mani). Dated to the Late Hellenistic period (3rd century
B.C.). (inv. no. 123).
Portrait of the philosopher Epicure, dated to the Roman period. It copies
a work dated to the 4th century B.C. (inv. no. 120).
Statue of the dynamic Spartan epistates "hegemon" Gaius Julius Eurykles,
represented as Hermes. On the base there is a bilingual inscription in Greek and
Latin. It was dedicated by favoured Roman merchants and bankers of the Lakonian
coast. It was found in the city of Gytheion, between the ancient theatre and the
Agora, and dates to the Roman period (inv. no. 3).
Sarcophagi with a variety of representations. They form a remarkable thematic
unity which attests the high financial status of a certain group of the ancient
society in Gytheion and Eleutherolakonia. Dated to the Roman period.
Sacred Law. It refers to the festivals of Gytheion: the Kaisareia, in honour
of Julii emperors and the Eurykleia, in honour of Gaius Julius Eurykles and his
son. It was found at Gytheion and dates to A.D. 15 (inv. no. 47).
Funerary epigram possibly referring to the invasion of the Goths in A.D.
269. The deceased young warrior who sinks in the sea recalls the great times of
Hellenism, with which he combines his own struggles against the coming barbarism
Bust of an unknown lady of Gytheion, dated to the 4th century A.D. The
eyes were inset (inv. no. 7).
Larger than life head, probably of Emperor Constantine the Great (A.D.
307-337), in the symbolic representation of the deified Sol Invictus. It is dated
to the period of the Tetrarchy, perhaps a little before A.D. 312.
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