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Sanctuary of Artemis Laphria & Apollo Laphrios

Last Update: Dec 2005
Archaeological site KALYDON , IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU , GREECE

Sanctuary of Artemis Laphria & Apollo Laphrios - Overview

  The sanctuary known as Laphrion was one of the most important Aetolian sanctuaries, dedicated to the cult of Apollo and Artemis. It lay to the southwest of the acropolis of Calydon and its area was enclosed by a circuit wall. The earliest evidence for cult practice on the site is dated to the Geometric period and it seems that the sanctuary remained in use until the Roman period, but flourished in the 6th century B.C. The sanctuary was identified in 1908 by G. Soteriadis and excavated by a Greek-Danish expedition in 1925-1935.
  The most important monuments of the area are:
Temple of Artemis Laphria: It is situated on the summit of the precinct of the sanctuary and only its foundations are preserved. Three main architectural phases have been distinguished on the basis of fragments of terracotta trimmings found during the excavations. The first temple was built at the end of the 7th century B.C. and the last in 360 B.C. A chryselephantine (gold and ivory) statue of the goddess stood inside the temple.
Treasures on the southeast side of the "sacred way": They were decorated with painted terracotta ornaments and date from the first half of the 6th century B.C.
Remains of a Stoa: It is located in the north part of the precinct and dates from the 3rd-2nd century B.C. It seems that the structure was two-storeyed with two semicircular niches at the ends.

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Ancient sanctuary • Sanctuary of Apollo • Sanctuary of Artemis

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