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Pylos is built on the south part of Messinia by the bay of Navarino
combining mainland architecture with the beauty of an island and constitutes a
commercial and administrative centre for Southwest Messinia. It is an important
centre for the refuelling of ship as it is on the course of the ship which join
the markets of the West to those of the East. It is an archaeological, historical
and touristic place. Its port is one of the best and the safest natural ports
of the Mediterranean and it has become famous for the naval battle that took place
there on the 20th October 1827 between the fleet of Ibrahem Pasha and the Turks
against the Allied forces of England-France-Russia. The Allied forces won, which
brought about the victory of the Greek fighters during the Revolution against
the Turkish invaders.
Ancient Pylos (Koryfasio) is thought to have been in the area of cape
Koryfasio in the north of the contemporary city. The homeric Pylos was initially
settled by the mythological Pylo with the Leleges from Megara. Nileas from Ioklos
of Thessaly forced Pylo to leave and established his own kingdom which became
famous because of the wise King, Nestoras, who built his royal palace on the hill
of Eglianos. In 1831, the rock of the subsequent Navarino is invaded by the Navarrei(Vaski)
of Jacob De Bo, who built the castle Castle of Navarrei.
In 1573, the Turks become the lords of the city and construct another
castle at the mouth of the port which is named «Niokastro». After the battle at
Sfaktiria, in May 1825, Ibrahem Pasha obtains the castle again and drives out
its Greek revolutionary defenders. The historical Naval battle of Navarino seals
the struggle of Greeks for freedom, establishing Pylos as a place for friendship
and co-operation among the nations.
Today, Pylos is an administrative and commercial centre for the Southwest
Messinia, 52 Km away from Kalamata, with excellent touristic infrastucture like
hotels, restaurants and marinas for boats and yachts.
This text is cited March 2003 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below, which contains image.
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