Aous. More rarely Aeas (Aoos, Aoos, Aoios, Pol. Strab. Liv.: Aias, Hecat.
ap. Strab. p. 316; Scylax, s. v. Illurioi; Steph. B. s. v. Lakmon; Val. Max. i.
5. ext. 2; erroneously called Anius, Anios by Plut. Caes. 38, and ANAS Anas, by
Dion Cass. xli. 45: Viosa, Vuissa, Vovussa), the chief river of Illyria, or Epirus
Nova, rises in Mount Lacmon, the northern part of the range of Mount Pindus, flows
in a north-westerly direction, then suddenly turns a little to the southward of
west; and having pursued this course for 12 miles, between two mountains of extreme
steepness, then recovers its north-western direction, which it pursues to the
sea, into which it falls a little S. of Apollonia. (Herod. ix. 93; Strab., Steph.
B., ll. cc.; Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iv. p. 384.) The two mountains mentioned
above approach very near each other, and form the celebrated pass, now called
the Stena of the Viosa, and known in antiquity by the name of the Fauces Antigonenses,
from its vicinity to the city of Antigoneia. (Fauces ad Antigoneam, Liv. xxxii.
5; ta par' Antigoneian stena, Pol. ii. 5.) Antigoneia (Tepeleni) was situated
near the northern entrance of the pass at the junction of the Aous with a river,
now called Dhryno, Drino, or Druno. At the termination of the pass on the south
is the modern village of Klisura, a name which it has obviously received from
its situation. It was in this pass that Philip V., king of Macedonia, in vain
attempted to arrest the progress of the Roman consul, T. Quinctius Flamininus,
into Epirus. Philip was encamped with the main body of his forces on Mount Aeropus,
and his general, Athenagoras, with the light troops on Mount Asnaus. (Liv. l.
c.) If Philip was encamped on the right bank of the river, as there seems every
reason for believing, Aeropus corresponds to Mount Trebusin, and Asnaus to Mount
Nemertzika. The pass is well described by Plutarch (Flamin. 3) in a passage which
he probably borrowed from Polybius. He compares it to the defile of the Peneius
at Tempe, adding that it is deficient in the beautiful groves, the verdant forests,
the pleasant retreats and meadows which border the Peneius; but in the lofty and
precipitous mountains, in the profundity of the narrow fissure between them, in
the rapidity and magnitude of the river, in the single narrow path along the bank,
the two places are exactly alike. Hence it is difficult for an army to pass under
any circumstances, and impossible when the place is defended by an enemy. (Quoted
by Leake, vol. i. p. 389.) It is true that Plutarch in this passage calls the
river Apsus, but the Aous is evidently meant. (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. i.
pp. 31, seq., 383, seq. vol. iv. p. 116.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited July 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)