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Information about the place (6)
From Hora Sfakion an impressive ascent of 12km climbs to the plateau
of Anopolis, which is 600 metres above sea level. There is a bus from Hora Sfakion
late in the afternoon, returning in the morning. The village of Anopolis had many
inhabitants at one time but now the population is only about 800. Their main occupation
is agriculture and goats and sheep are raised on the plateau and the nearby mountains.
Anopolis is a very old place evident from traces of remains from the ancient Greek
eras that have been found. There are remains of cyclopean walls near Agia Ekaterini
Church. Anopolis had many inhabitants and its harbour was located in what is now
Loutro. It flourished mainly in the Roman and the Venetian Periods.
Anopolis was a revolutionary centre against the Venetians and was destroyed in
1365. Anopolis, and the province of Sfakia in general, was the centre of revolutions
against the Turks in Crete and was never inhabited by the Turks, making it the
only free place in Crete during the Turkish occupation. Anopolis is known today
for the hiking paths to the Lefka Ori and the aerial views of the south coast
of Crete from Agia Ekaterini and the site of ancient Anopolis.
This extract is cited Nov 2002 from the Crete TOURnet URL below, which contains imageσ.
Anopoli is a very old place evident from traces of remains from the ancient Greek eras that have been found. There are remains of cyclopean walls near Agia Aikaterini Church. Anopoli had many inhabitants and its harbour was located in what is now Loutro. It flourished mainly in the Roman and the Venetian Periods.
These mountains have many gorges and canyons for the nature enthusiast.
Sfakia has the highest peaks of the White Mountains: Pahnes (2450m), Kastro
(2218m), and Troharis (2409m). This wild terrain is one of the most impressive
The views of the White Mountains from Apokoronas are especially interesting
during the winter and spring when they are completely covered by snow. They
are truly the White Mountains (Lefka Ori) then. The ravines and gorges through
Samaria, Aradena, Imbros, and Kalikratis are excellent hiking opportunities.
The mountain hike to the refuge and plateau at Niatos 1500 metres above Askifou
may interest the visitor or the refuge above Omalos at Kalergis. The White Mountains
have more than 40 peaks above 2000 metres, offering very good hiking.
From the plateau of Anopolis one has an exceptional view of the south side of
the Lefka Ori. Climbs of the highest peaks of the Lefka Ori, at 2,500 metres,
start from here. The view of the mountains is particularly impressive in the
spring when they are covered in snow. The area is protected from the north winds
and it has very mild weather all winter. This area of the Lefka Ori is also
famous for its rare wild flowers that can be seen in the spring.
This text is cited Nov 2002 from the Crete TOURnet URL below, which contains images.
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Leuci Montes or Albi Montes (ta Leuka ore, Strab. x. p. 479; Ptol.
iii. 17. § 9), the snow-clad summits which form the W. part of the mountain range
of Crete. Strabo (l. c.) asserts that the highest points are not inferior in elevation
to Taygetus, and that the extent of the range is 300 stadia. (Comp. Theophrast.
H. P. iii. 11, iv. 1; Plin. xvi. 33; Callim. Hymn. Dian. 40.) The bold and beautiful
outline of the White Mountains is still called by its ancient title in modern
Greek, ta aspra bouna, or, from the inhabitants, ta Sphakiana bouna. Crete is
the only part of Greece in which the word ore is still in common use, denoting
the loftier parts of any high mountains. Trees grow on all these rocky mountains,
except on quite the extreme summits. The commonest tree is the prinos or ilex.
(Pashley, Trav. vol. i. p. 31, vol. ii. p. 190; Hock, Kreta, vol. i. p. 19.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)
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