YRTAKINA (Ancient city) ANATOLIKO SELINO
Ursakina: Hursakina, Artakina, Eth. Hurtakos, Hurtakinos. A city of Crete, which, little as we learn of its position from Ptolemy and Stephanus of Byzantium, yet we may safely infer from the former's words that it was situated to the SE. of Polyrrhenia, and to the W. of Lappa. Scylax teaches us more respecting its site; he places it on the S. of the island, and to the S. of the Dictynnean temple of Artemis and the Pergamian district. These indications agree well with the situation of the ruins discovered by Mr. Pashley on a hill near the village of Temenia.
Numerous vestiges of polygonal masonry on the N. and W. sides, and measuring little more than half a mile in length, are still existing. On the other sides the city was precipitous. It is curious to observe the care taken by the inhabitants in defending the gateways of their city. Not only do walls project without the gate, but flanking walls are executed within, forming passages through which the enemy would have to pass before he could set foot within the city.
The coins of Hyrtacina present types similar to those of Elyros, with the retrograde epigraph ATTHU and URTAKINION.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Tarrha in the early 3d c. B.C. had a coinage alliance with neighboring Lisos, Elyros, and Hyrtakina, and may have been a member of the league of Oreioi.
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