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Listed 5 sub titles with search on: Homeric world  for wider area of: "TRIZINA Village GREECE" .

Homeric world (5)

Greeks of the Homeric Catalogue of Ships

Trojan War

TRIZIN (Ancient city) GREECE
Troezen participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.561).



She was the daughter of Pitheus, wife of Aegeus and mother of Theseus. She was captured by Castor and Pollux and went to Troy as a handmaid of Helen (Il. 3.144).

Aethra (Aithre). Daughter of Pittheus, king of Troezen, mother of Theseus by Aegeus or, according to another account, by Poseidon. While Homer merely mentions her as a servant of Helen at Troy, later legend adds that when the Dioscuri took Aphidnae and set free their sister, whom Theseus had carried off, they conveyed Aethra to Sparta as a slave, whence she accompanied Helen to Troy; and that on the fall of that city they brought her grandsons, Acamas and Demophoon, back to Athens.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Aethra (Aithra). A daughter of king Pittheus of Troezen. Bellerophon sued for her hand, but was banished from Corinth before the nuptials took place (Paus. ii. 31.12). She was surprised on one occasion by Poseidon in the island of Sphaeria, whither she had gone, in consequence of a dream, for the purpose of offering a sacrifice on the tomb of Sphaerus. Aethra therefore dedicated in the island a temple to Athena Apaturia (the Deceitful), and called the island Hiera instead of Sphaeria, and also introduced among the maidens of Troezen the custom of dedicating their girdles to Athena Apaturia on the day of their marriage (Paus. ii. 33.11) At a later time she became the mother of Theseus by Aegeus (Plut. Thes. 3; Hygin. Fab. 14). In the night in which this took place, Poseidon also was believed to have been with her (Apollod. iii. 15.7; Hygin. Fab. 37). According to Plutarch (Thes. 6) her father spread this report merely that Theseus might be regarded as the son of Poseidon, who was much revered at Troezen. This opinion, however, is nothing else but an attempt to strip the genuine story of its marvels. After this event she appears living in Attica, from whence she was carried off to Lacedaemon by Castor and Polydeuces, and became a slave of Helen, with whom she was taken to Troy (Plut. Thes. 34; Hom. Il. iii. 144). At the taking of Troy she came to the camp of the Greeks, where she was recognised by her grandsons, and Demophon, one of them, asked Agamemnon to procure her liberation. Agamemnon accordingly sent a messenger to Helen to request her to give up Aethra. This was granted, and Aethra became free again (Paus. x. 25.3). According to Hyginus (Fab. 243) she afterwards put an end to her own life from grief at the death of her sons. The history of her bondage to Helen was represented on the celebrated chest of Cypselus (Paus. iv. 19.1 Dion Chrysost. Orat. 11), and in a painting by Polygnotus in the Lesche of Delphi (Paus. x. 25.2).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Aug 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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