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The History of Argos
Argos, the most ancient Greek city, built almost 5.000 years ago under
the shadow of the hill of Larisa, showed its presence on all periods of Greek
history. With a plethora of ancient monuments, it remains a live album of historic
memory. The founder of the Argeans, according to the mythology is Inahos, who
set up the first cities at the exact location that Argos is nowadays, next to
the torrent that has his name.
According to the Archaeological science, the first organized inhabitants
of Argolida appear at about 2800 b.C. at the same time that copper starts being
used. These cities are Argos, Lerna, Tirintha, Asini and Mikines. From these,
only Argos was inhabited continually and at the same location since then. From
1600 b.C. and on, Mycenae gains power and its presence becomes intense in the
area of Argolida. When Mycenae starts to decay, Argos growing quietly under the
hill of Larisa, becomes the sovereign force in Argolida.
At the end of the copper era, Argos didn't depopulate but on the
contrary became the heir of the tradition of Argolida, assisting the integration
of the old population with the Doric tribes that arrived at the area. During the
Geometric era, Argos becomes the most ancient organized Doric city-state of Peloponnese
taking over its old leading role on the culture of Argolida and Peloponnese, which
it holds until the end of the Historic years, despite the hard competition with
Sparta. During the 7th century b.C. Pheidon -a well known king of Argos- sets
for the very first time in Greece, weights and measures. On the 5th and 4th b.C.
century the sculptural art thrives in Argos, with Poliklitos, the most famous
sculptor at the time. Many masterpieces are being made, with most well known,
the unique - sculpted on the rock- ancient theater of Argos.
The superiority of Argos, to which Mycenae, Nafplion, Tirinth and
Asini submit in turn, works as a starting point of the juxtaposition between Argos
and Sparta. After many long wars the later predominates in thePeloponnese.
During the Roman era Argos remains a live and active city and many
monuments of the time survive till now. Christianity was probably preached by
the Apostle Andreas. After the predominance of the religion (5th century) Argos
took on a bishop. Churches are being built, often on top of ancient devotional
centers. At the end of the 9th century, Saint Peter becomes the bishop (the patron
saint of the city today).
During the Byzantine years Argos becomes insignificant. It is being
conquered by the Franks, the Venetians and the Turks and follows the fate of the
rest of the cities, to arouse during the 1821 revolution. .
This text is cited Oct 2002 from the Municipality of Argos URL below, which contains images.
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