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Listed 4 sub titles with search on: History  for wider area of: "TITHOREA Municipality FTHIOTIDA" .

History (4)

Catastrophes of the place

By Xerxes

The army of Xerxes, burning down certain of these, made them better known in Greece, namely Erochus, Charadra, Amphicleia, Neon, Tithronium and Drymaea.
This extract is from: The Geography of Strabo, ed. H. L. Jones, Cambridge. Harvard University Press
Cited Sept. 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks

The barbarians. . .overran the whole of Phocis. All that came within their power they laid waste to and burnt, setting fire to towns and temples. Marching this way down the river Cephisus, they ravaged everything that lay in their way, burning the towns of Drymus, Charadra, Erochus, Tethronium, Amphicaea, Neon, Pediea, Tritea, Elatea, Hyampolis, Parapotamii, and Abae . . .
This extract is from: Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., Harvard University Press. Cited Aug 2002 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks

By Philip II, 346 BC

Philip put an end to the war, which was called both the Phocian War and the Sacred War . . .The cities of Phocis were captured and razed to the ground. . .and their people scattered in villages.

Official pages

   According to history, before the Medic Wars, there were the towns of Neon (Tithorea) and Pediis (Kato Tithorea) which were burnt by the army of Xerxis. Kato Tithorea also appears as Kalivia of Tithorea (Velitsa). In 1912 it was renamed to Kiffisohori. The nowadays name appears since 1955.
  Neon was one of the most important towns of Fokea. The inhabitants of Fokea create castled towns so as to face the Macedonian danger. During that period of time, they move and create their new town named Tithorea.
  The amazing position of Tithorea makes this town impregnable and impervious to the enemies. In 240-210 b.C. Tithorea gave out her own coin.
  Tithorea is considered to be the ancient metropolis of the inhabitants of Fokea where Fokos was the first who established there and was buried with his wife Adiopi. During the roman period Tithorea becomes a major financial and commercial center.
  The role of Tithorea was very important during the Byzantine Period. The churches and the fabulous wall paintings prove this. The unique in Greece Temple of Abba Zosima is at Tithorea. The Frankish and Turkish domination follow. During the Revolution of 1821, Odysseas Androutsos uses a cave as a permanent base of operations and inflicts huge blights to the Turkish. Also Karaiskakis, this great leader, lived for a short period of time at Velitsa.
  Finally during the period of the possession, the inhabitants denied surrendering at the conquerors. This refusal resulted in the burning of the village by the Italians.
  The female Abbey of Kimisis Theotokou is admirable. It is built at 1.000 m. at the bluff side longs of Parnassus. It was built at the end of 10th a.C. Century.
  The region has history of many centuries. This is proved by the mass of the archaeological findings. The most prosperous cities in the antiquity were Neon and Pediis. Neon is the birthplace of the Fokeans. The inhabitants of Neon build Tithorea. Pafsanias admired the Holy Park of Athens and the temple of Isida. Furthermore the evolvement of the city is remarkable during the Roman and Byzantine period and finally becomes an important trade center. During the Revolution of 1821 Androutsos and then Karaiskakis use the region as chiefdom.

This text is cited June 2005 from the Municipality of Tithorea URL below

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