Biographies METAPONTO (Town) ITALY - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 6 sub titles with search on: Biographies for destination: "METAPONTO Town ITALY".


Biographies (6)

Philosophers

Hippasus (5th cen.BC)

Hippasus, (Hippasos), of Metapontum or Croton (Iamblich. Vit. Pyth, c. 18.81, 88. c. 23.104), is mentioned both by Iamblichus and by Diogenes Laertius (viii. 84) among the elder Pythagoreans. Hippasus is said to have been the founder of a school or sect of the Pythagoreans, called the Acusmatici (akousmatikoi), in opposition to the Mathematici. Aristotle (Metaph. i. 3) speaks of Hippasus as holding the element of fire to be the cause of all things: and Sextus Empiricus (ad Phys. i. 361) contrasts him with the Pythagoreans in this respect, that he believed the arche to be material, whereas they thought it was incorporeal, namely, number. A single sentence quoted by Diogenes Laertius as expressing one of his doctrines seems to mean that he held all things to be in motion and change, but according to a fixed law. (Iamblich. Ibid. ยงยง 81, 88; Villoison, Anecd. Graec. ii.) In consequence of his making known the sphere, consisting of twelve pentagons, which was regarded by the Pythagoreans as a secret, he is said to have perished in the sea as an impious man. According to one statement, Hippasus left no writings (Diog. Laert. viii. 84), according to another he was the author of the mustikos logos, written to calumniate Pythagoras. (Id. viii. 7; comp. Brandis, Gesch. d. Griech. Rom. Philosoph. vol. i.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Brontinus

Brontinus, (Brontinos), of Metapontum, a Pythagorean philosopher, to whom, as well as to Leon and Bathyllus, Alcmaeon dedicated his works. According to some accounts, Brontinus married Theano, the daughter of Pythagoras. (Diog. Laert. viii. 83; Suidas, s. v. Theano; Iambl. Vit. Pyth.267.) Iamblichus (Villoison, Anec. Gr. vol. ii.) quotes a work of Brontinus.

Euryphamus

Euryphamus or Euryphemus, (Euruphamos), a Pythagorean philosopher of Metapontum. (Iamblich. de Vit. Pyth. 30, 36.) Lysis was his fellow-pupil and his faithful friend. Euryphamus was the author of a work Peri Biou, which is lost, but a considerable fragment of it is preserved in Stobaeus. (Serm. tit. 103. 27.)

Lacrates

Lacrates, a Pythagorean, a native of Metapontum, mentioned by Iamblichus ( Vit. Pyth. c. 36). Another reading of the name is Lacritus.

Leo (Leon) of Metapontum

Leo of Metapontum. Iamblichus (Pythag. Vit. c. 36) mentions a Pythagorean philosopher of this name and place, but without giving any further particulars, or assigning to him any date. It is conjectured that he is the Leo to whom Alcmaeon of Crotona dedicated his Dolos Phusikos, or work on natural philosophy (Diog. Laert. viii. 83). Fabricius also proposes to identify him with the Leo, son of Neoclis, whose Stoicheia, Elementa sc. Geometrica are mentioned by Proclus (Comment. in Euclid. Lib. ii. c. 4. p. 38 of the Latin version of Fr. Barocius, fol. Padua, 1560), and who gave considerably greater accuracy to geometrical science, especially by showing how to distinguish problems which admit of solution from those which cannot be solved. There is, however, a chronological objection to the identification of Leo, the friend of Alcmaeon, who lived in the sixth century B. C., with Leo the Geometrician, who was later than Leodamas of Thasos, and Archytas of Tarentum (Proclus, l. c.), who belonged to the end of the fifth century B. C. : and it is uncertain whether Leo of Metapontum is not different from both. (Fabric. Bibl. Craec. vol. i. p. 850, vol. vii. p. 718.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


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