At the entrance of the port of Chania is situated the Fortress "FIRKA", which was constructed by the Venetians
(1204-1669), in order to establish the local guard and at the same time to control
the entrance of the port. At this Fortress is situated today
the Maritime Museum of Crete, founded to shelter and preserve the hellenic maritime tradition, with a special focus on Crete.
The exhibition articles include ship models, various instruments and equipment, paintings, heirlooms,
objects which were pulled up from the sea bottom, potsherds, pictures, etc.
These exhibits are presented in classified units, which revive the Greek nautical history.
Α. - FROM THE BRONZE AGE TO THE ROMAN PERIOD
Bronze Age ships and the triremes of classical antiquity, representations of naval battles from
the Persian (Salamina, Mikali etc.) and the Peloponnesian Wars.
Β. - BYZANTINE PERIOD
Ship models presenting the completion of rowing navigation, which marked the beginning
of the Byzantine sailing navy. A special section refers to the piracy in the Aegean which was at its peak that period.
C. - VENETIAN PERIOD
This exhibition refers to the period of the Venetian occupation. There are old maps, models of Venetian ships
and a big model of the Venetian town of Chania with its fortification and dockyards.
One model depicts three dockyards constructed by the Venetians. They were used
for the mooring and the protection of the galleys and for small repairs.
D. - TURKISH OCCUPATION - GREEK WAR OF INDEPENDANCE
The Turkish occupation follows the period of the Venetian occupation.
Portraits of the naval battles fighters who were distinguished in the struggle,
the different types of ships of the revolutionary fleet. The battles of Crete till the union with
the rest of Greece.
From the middle of 1912 the Balkan states successively declared war against Turkey.
On 1st December 1913 the Greek flag is hoisted at "FIRKAS". Photographic material and ship
models of that period revive the activities of the Greek Navy, whose mission
was to safeguard the domination in the Aegean Sea and to prevent supplies by sea
to the army fighting at the European Turkey.
SECOND WORLD WAR
Photographic material and ship models narrate the Greek resistance against the Italian and German
invasion until the heroic Battle of Crete which marked the subjugation of Greece to Hitler's forces.
POST - WAR PERIOD
Photographic material, ship models and equipment from this period's ships following the technological innovations.
Frigates, submarines, destroyers, anti-submarine helicopters etc.
This exhibition is devoted to the world of the sea bett,
offering a vista of the various shells founded at the bottom of the seas. These
appealing forms of sea-life, with their amazing variety of shapes, sizes and colours comprise a miracle of the nature.
Art & culture
- Visiting Information
- Fixed hours: Admission fee
- Periods of the exhibits
- Bronze Age, 3200-1050 BC
- Ancient historical times, 1050 BC- AD 324
- Byzantine period, AD 324-1453
- Venetian period in Crete, 1204-1669
- Ottoman period, 1453-1821
- Modern and contemporary Greece, 1821-today
- Under the supervision of: