The fertile plain of Marathon was a natural place for the establishment
and development of human activity from prehistoric to Roman times. Here on this
plain the battle between the Athenians and the Persians was fought in 490 B.C.
To this great event Marathon owes its worldwide fame and its important place in
the conscience of the ancient Greeks. The
Mound was raised over the graves of the 192 Athenians who died in the battle
and whose remains were buried here after cremation of the dead.
The first excavations were carried out by D. Philios in 1884, and
subsequently by V. Stais in 1890 and 1891.