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Archaeological Site of Pherai

Last Update: Nov 2005
Archaeological site FERES , MAGNESSIA , GREECE
37500 FERES , MAGNESSIA , GREECE

Archaeological Site of Pherai - Overview

   The ancient city of Pherai, one of the most important cities of Thessaly, was occupied from the Final Neolithic (about 3000 B.C.) to the beginning of the Roman Imperial period (1st century A.D.), when it was probably abandoned. The modern settlement, named Velestino, was founded in the post-Byzantine period (13th century B.C.), and has played an important role in Greek history of the laste centuries (birth place of Regas Pheraios, pioneer of the Hellenic Revolution against Turks). Today Velestino is a very active town, part of which is built upon the ancient city, fortunately not on the most important part of it.
   The very important but very limited excavations at Pherai took place in the first quarter of the 20th century, at the temple of Zeus Thaulios, in collaboration between the Greek Archaeological Service and the French Archaeological School. Since 1977 the Ephorate of Antiquities of Volos has been operating systematic excavations of the "acropolis" (city-fortification) and many rescue excavations at the part of the ancient city, which lies beneath the modern town of Velestino. The last ones have brought to light some monuments of great interest. Many private properties were bought recently by the Ministry of Culture, so that the systematic excavations can be continued.
   Very few restoration works have been done at the acropolis' walls, but the most vulnerable monuments are being conservated every day. The Ephorate of Antiquities of Volos has proposed the creaton of an archaeological-historical park at Pherai-Velestino, in which all the ancient and more recent monuments, scattered in the modern town and around it, will be included. This proposition also includes restoration works on some monuments.
   Significant monuments or architectural groups:
The acropolis. Is located at the SW side of the ancient city and includes two hills: the so-called "Magoula Bakali", which is also a prehistoric site, and the so-called "Aghios Athanasios" or "Panagia" hill, where the fortification wall of the 4th century B.C. are very well preserved.
The "Hypereia Krini" (Fountain), an ancient spring, "the water loved by the gods" (Sophocles, Frg 825 N.), is located in the center of the ancient city, where a small pond is formed along old plane trees. Ancient ruins are visible inside as well as outside the water.
The temple of "Zeus Thaulios". One of the very few excavated ancient temples of Thessaly, is located on the north edge of the ancient city. It was a peripteral doric temple, with 6 X 6 columns, dated at the end of the 4th century B.C. Today, only the SE part of its krepis is preserved.
A building with stoa dated in the Hellenistic period. It has been relealed in the NE part of the ancient city, where the Agora probably was. The doric columns of the stoa are unfinished and the lower parts of them still remain "in situ".

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Archaeological site

Art & culture

Ancient city • Classical period, 480-323 BC
Cemetery • Ancient historical times, 1050 BC- AD 324
Ancient monuments • Stoas / Hellenistic period, 323-31 BC • Fountain
Ancient sanctuary • Sanctuary of Zeus
Prehistoric settlement • Bronze Age, 3200-1050 BC • Neolithic period, 6500-3200 BC

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