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Archaeological Site of Edessa

Last Update: Nov 2013
Archaeological site, Byzantine & Post-Byzantine Monuments EDESSA , PELLA , GREECE
"Loggos" location, 58200 EDESSA , PELLA , GREECE
Tel.: +30 23810 25261 , Fax: +30 23810 25387
Opening hours:
01Jun - 31Oct Mon, 1000-1800
01Jun - 31Oct Tue-Sun, 0800-2000
01Nov - 31May Tue-Sun, 0900-1600

Archaeological Site of Edessa - Photo Gallery

Archaeological Site of Edessa - Overview

   The earliest habitation on the site is dated by the remains of a small prehistoric settlement, to the Early Bronze Age (3rd millenium B.C.). Much later in the 4th century B.C., the settlement was developed into a proper city and had an acropolis and a lower city. By the end of the same century it was fortified with a monumental wall and its internal layout was modified. It flourished in the Roman period because of its position on the Via Egnatia. According to the inscriptions found, the city had a Bouleuterion, a temple of Zeus Hypsistos, of Dionysos and Ma.
  Edessa retained its importance during the Εarly Christian period, as is attested by the remains of basilicas erected on the site. From the end of the 7th century A.D. onwards, the city was restricted in the castle of Vodena, in the area of the contemporary city.
   Excavations on the site began in 1967 and are still continued in the area of the acropolis and the lower city as well as in the cemeteries outside the walls, along the Via Egnatia. The excavation finds confirm the importance of the city, its social and economic organization through the centuries and its commercial exchanges.

   Among the most important monuments on the site are:
- The fortification walls of the ancient Edessa were constructed in ca. 300 B.C. and repeatedly repaired during the life span of the city. They are among the best preserved fortification walls in Macedonia, standing up to the height of 5 m. The construction of the South Gate in particular, which includes a circular courtyard inscribed in a rectangular tower, follows the main principles of defensive architecture as it is described in the ancient literary sources.
- The monumental paved street crossing the city. Marble columns and built pillars are preserved along the sides of the wide street. One of the columns is covered with inscriptions registering acts of manumissions. The collapsed columns that stood along the sides of the street have been restored.

Archaeological Site of Edessa - Map

Executives & Departments

  • Archaeological service:, Tel.: 23820 33094, Fax: 23810 25387
    17th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, Edessa

Principals / HQ / participations...

Activities / facilities / services / specialization

Archaeological site

Art & culture

Visiting Information • Free admission • Fixed hours
Ancient settlement • Hellenistic period, 323-31 BC • Roman period, 31 BC-AD 324 • Early Christian period, 4th-7th centuries AD
Ancient monuments • Walls / Hellenistic period, 323-31 BC • Fountain • Houses • Buildings
Byzantine & Post-Byzantine Monuments

Art & culture

Castle • Middle Byzantine period, AD 610-1204 • Late Byzantine period, AD 1204-1453
On site monuments • Churches / Byzantine period, AD 324-1453

Ferry Departures

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