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Castle of Palaeochora on Kythera

Last Update: May 2012

Paliochora or Ayios Demetrios, 12th century - 1537

Castles & Fortresses POTAMOS , KYTHIRA , GREECE
80200 POTAMOS , KYTHIRA , GREECE
Tel.: +30 27360 31731, 31739

Castle of Palaeochora on Kythera - Photo Gallery

Castle of Palaeochora on Kythera - Overview

One of the most important archaeological sites is the ruined fortress of Paleochora, the island’s Byzantine capital. It was built by Monemvasians in the12th century and was named the city of Agios Dimitrios. It is located on the north side of the island, in the middle of a natural fortress in a deep wild canyon covered by huge rocks. The canyon ends at the coast of Kakia Langada. It was the place where residents would seek refuge from pirate raids. The city was destroyed in 1537 by Admiral of the Turkish fleet Hayreddin Barbarossa, the so-called "black menace" of the sea, who sacked the town, massacred many inhabitants, burned and ravaged the once vibrant capital city which was not to be ever inhabited again. If you take a tour through the castle you will notice -among other churches- the church of Agia Barbara, an excellent example of Monemvasian architecture. There is a myth about Paleochora saying that late at night you can still hear the voices of women at the time of the slaughter! If you are quite adventurous, love nature and have hiking equipment you can climb down the canyon and end up at the beach!

The text is cited from the KYTHERA.GR website

Links:The Australian Paliochora-Kythera Archaeological Survey

Castle of Palaeochora on Kythera - Map

Executives & Departments

  • Archaeological service:, Tel.: 210 3213571, 210 3312038-9, Fax: 210 3216292
    1st Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities, Athens

Principals / HQ / participations...

Activities / facilities / services / specialization

Castles & Fortresses

Art & culture

Visiting Information • Free admission • Site always open
Settlement • Middle Byzantine period, AD 610-1204 • Period of Latin Occupation, 1204-16th century
Castle • Middle Byzantine period, AD 610-1204 • Period of Latin Occupation, 1204-16th century
On site monuments • Churches / Middle Byzantine period, AD 610-1204 / Late Byzantine period, AD 1204-1453

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