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Listed 48 sub titles with search on: Archaeological sites for destination: "DELOS Island KYKLADES".


Archaeological sites (48)

Ancient sanctuaries

Le site de Delos


  Delos was the birthplace of the God Apollo and the Goddess Artemidos, both were children born to Zeus and Leto. According to Greek Mythology, Leto was searching all over Greece to find a place at which she could give birth to the God Apollo, since Hera threatened every land that would accept Leto with severe punishments. Leto finally reached the small and infertile island of Delos (Ortygia). The Goddess promised the island fame and wealth, which would be brought by Apollo's followers. The island gave its consent under the condition that Leto would promise to build her first temple in Delos. Thus, the exceptional sanctuary to Apollo and Artemidos was built upon the island of Delos. It comprised one of the most significant sanctuaries of ancient times, which, by the way, was a center of worship during the Mycenaean period, prior to it being officially declared an adoration to Apollo and Artemidos. The first excavations on Delos began in 1872 with the excavation of the Cynthos Cave. The French Archaeology School first organized and executed systematic excavations within the site, which to date, still continue.
  The visitor that came upon the archaeological site of Delos confronted its entire ancient city, practically, which continues to be evocative. Within its structural land plan, the visitor reincarnates the course and the way of life that was, once upon a time, natural and vivid. The significant structures include Apollo's Sanctuary although many others are scattered across the area surrounding the Sacred Lake, the Mount Cynthos and the neighborhood surrounding the Theatre. The following structures surround the Temple of Apollo or are in the direction of the Temple: House of Naxians, Colonnade of Naxians, Competaliasts Agora and the Delians, the Stoa of Antigonos and Phillip, the Sacred Way, Dionysus' Sanctuary, the Keraton, the first and second Tombs of the Hyberborean Maidens, Taurus Monument. Surrounding the area of the Sacred Lake are : the Hellenistic Houses of Diadoumenos, Actors, the Tritons, the Hill, the Lake, Theophrastos' Agora and the Italians' Agora, the Hypostyle Hall, the Palaestra, the Lions' Terrace, the Institution of the Poseidoniasts. Included within the Mount Cynthos area and the Theatre's neighborhood are: the Theatre, the Serapeion, Aphrodite's Sanctuary, the Kaveirion, the House of Dolphins, the Masks, the Triaina, Cleopatra, Dionysus, Hermes, the Terrace of Foreign Gods, the Heraion.
  The Temple of Apollo is the last and the largest Temple of the three preceding temples. Its construction began by the Delians in 477 B.C., at approximately the same period that the Athenian Confederacy (League) with Delos was established. Its construction was interrupted when the Confederacy's Treasury was sent to Athens. The three Temple's ruins, which all maintained a western orientation facing the West are still preserved to date. The oldest of the three (dated 6th century B.C.) was built from limestone and contained a pronaos and Cella. An ancient statue of Apollo was contained within that was the work of Teuktaios and Aggelion. Athenians constructed the Temple that is located in the center between 425 - 417 B.C. Behind the three temples is a series of five structures (Treasuries) that were probably Houses. The Temple of Artemidos is located near the Temple of Apollo. It was built in 179 B.C. in the place of a preceding temple, which was constructed in the 7th century B.C. This is confirmed by the collection of objects found on its northeast side. The Temple's boundaries are determined by a hypothetical surrounding wall whilst the north and east sides are enclosed by an Ionic colonnade.

This text is cited May 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs URL below.


Bouleuterion

Bouleuterion, Ekklesiastirion, Prytaneion

  Delos was one of the major sacred centres of the ancient mediterranean world, but held a wider political and financial importance as well. Hence, its public edifices, especially those in the vicinity of the Temple of Apollo, were related to religious rather than to secular life.
  The oblong archaic edifice that is identified as a Bouleuterion was founded in the first half of the 6th century BC. The building had a bipartite plan. The larger, southern room had two entrances and an axial row. On its outer northwest corner an ionic column bore a votive inscription to Athena, protectress of the city ("eis Athinan Poliada..."). Epigraphic evidence from the 3rd and 2nd century BC suggests that in the Bouleuterion were kept copies of the assembly's decrees.
  The Ekklesiasterion was the meeting hall of the Ekklesia of Demos (assembly of citizens). It was a big building that underwent many alterations during the period from 5th to 2nd century BC. It comprised two adjacent rooms. The west one had a niche in the middle of its southern wall and marble benches running around the sides.
  The Prytaneion, a rectangular edifice that housed the Prytaneis, the executive committee of the Boule, dates back to the end of the archaic or the beginning of the classical period. Its entrance is located on the south side. Apart from a patio, the building included the Prytaneion proper and the archives, both of which were provided with an individual antechamber.

This text is cited Feb 2003 from the Foundation of the Hellenic World URL below.


Perseus Site Catalog

Delos

Region: Cyclades
Periods: Dark Age, Geometric, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman
Type: Sanctuary, Settlement
Summary: Panhellenic Sanctuary of Apollo and Artemis.

Physical Description:
    The sanctuary occupies a small (1.3 x 5 km) island at the center (between Rheneia and Mykonos) of the Cycladic group and was the political and religious center of the Aegean. It was said to be the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. Its oracle was second only to that of Delphi. Delian Festival and Games held every 4 years. In addition to the Hieron of Apollo adjacent to the Sacred Lake, the temples and monuments to other divinities and the sanctuary of foreign gods, there was also a thriving residential district and maritime quarter to the south.
Description:
    Evidence for settlement on Delos goes back the Early Bronze Age. In the later prehistoric period it was, according to legend, a stronghold of Carian pirates until they were driven off by King Minos of Crete. The cult of Apollo appeared on the island in the Dark Ages and by the Archaic period (when the island was apparently under the control of Naxos), Delos served as the headquarters and religious center of an Ionian League. A religious festival (the Delia) was held (originally every year) to celebrate the birth of Apollo. Athens, a member of the Ionian League, gained control over the sanctuary and under Peisistratos (ca. 543 B.C.) instigated the first purification of the island (the removal of all tombs in view of the temple). In 490 B.C. the Delians fled to Tenos, but the Persians did not violate the sanctuary. Delos was made the center of the Athenian controlled Delian League (the alliance of Greek states against future Persian threat) and from 478-454 maintained the treasury of the league (until it was transferred to Athens and partially misappropriated for the rebuilding of the Acropolis). In 426 Athens reorganized the site and festival on an even larger scale and ordered the second purification of the island (the dead were exhumed and removed and a decree passed against birth, death, and pain on the island). In 422 Athens banished the remaining Delians from the island (on the intervention of the Delphic oracle they were allowed to return). Every year Athens sent a sacred embassy by trireme to the Delia festival. At the end of the Peloponnesian War Sparta restored independence to the Delians, but at the time of the 2nd Athenian League (378-314 B.C.) Athens again controlled the sanctuary and island. Delos is again independent from ca. 314 until 166 B.C. It becomes the center of an island confederacy and enters the most prosperous period of its history. The Hellenistic kings provided many new buildings and offerings for the sanctuary, which was now under the control of 4 Hieropes (priest-administrators) elected annually by the Delians. The financial and trading activities of the island grew while foreign merchants and bankers, especially Roman, settled and installed sanctuaries to foreign deities on the island. In 166 B.C. the Delians were expelled and Rome allowed Athenians to occupy the island. Delos was made a free port (to undermine the commercial position of Rhodes) and in 146 B.C. the destruction of Corinth and the immigration of Corinthian merchants to Delos added to the island's growth. The religious aspects of the island gave way to commercial interests and the Apollo festival became essentially an international trade fair, with as many as 10,000 slaves changing hands in a single day. In 88 B.C. Menophanes, a general of Mithradates attacked the island, killed or enslaved the population, looted the sanctuary and destroyed the city. In 87 B.C. Sulla retook the island, returned it to Athenian control and aided in its rebuilding. In 69 B.C. Delos was sacked by pirates, and in 66 B.C. the Romans built a fortification wall around the city. The sanctuary and the commercial center, however, continued to decline (in part because of changes in Roman trade routes) and suffer pirate attacks, and by the 2nd century A.D. it was all but abandoned. In the 3rd century A.D. Athens offered the island for sale, but found no buyers.
Exploration:
    Excavations: 1873 - present, French School of Archaeology.

Donald R. Keller, ed.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 131 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Perseus Building Catalog

Delos, Agora of the Italians

Site: Delos
Type: Stoa
Summary: Peristyle court; directly south of the Sacred Lake.
Date: ca. 110 B.C. - 88 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan: A trapezoidal court with a two-storied colonnade on all 4 sides. Lower story of Doric columns and upper story of Ionic pillars. Rooms, shops and exedra surrounded court on ground level.

History:
The Agora was built by Roman and other Italian merchants who used it for conducting business or as a club house. The surrounding rooms and exedra were added over a period of time.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Athenian Temple of Apollo

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Amphiprostyle temple; in the Sanctuary of Apollo, between the Porinos Naos and the Delian Temple of Apollo.
Date: ca. 425 B.C. - 417 B.C.
Period: Classical

Plan:
Doric amphiprostyle temple, 6 columns at the front and back, single cella with pronaos having 4 square pillars in antis and opening west. Semi-circular statue base in cella.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Building D

Site: Delos
Type: Bouleuterion
Summary: Rectangular council house; in the Sanctuary of Apollo, between the Delian Temple of Apollo and the Neorium (Monument of the Bulls).
Date: ca. 600 B.C. - 550 B.C.
Period: Archaic

Plan:
Rectangular building divided into 2 rooms. Larger southern room divided into 2 aisles by a central colonnade. Two entrances on western side of southern room and one on eastern side. Smaller, nearly square northern room entered from the southern one.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 2 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Delian Temple of Apollo

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Peripteral temple; located in the Sanctuary of Apollo, south of the Athenian Temple of Apollo.
Date: ca. 477 B.C.
Period: Classical

Plan:
Doric peripteral temple, 6 x 13 columns. West opening cella with a pronaos and an opisthodomos, both distyle in antis.

History:
Completion delayed, and temple not completed until the end of the 4th century B.C.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 2 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Ekklesiasterion

Site: Delos
Type: Hall
Summary: Meeting place for the council; on the northwestern corner of the Sanctuary of Apollo, east of the Thesmophorium.
Date: ca. 450 B.C. - 150 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Two halls, both opening south.

History:
Numerous alterations and additions between the 5th century B.C. and the 2nd century B.C. During the Roman period a small temple was erected on the same location.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Hieropoion

Site: Delos
Summary: House; on the western side of the Sanctuary of Apollo, north of the Oikos of Andros.
Date: ca. 520 B.C.
Period: Archaic

Plan:
Simple rectangular room with entrance on east.

History:
This small structure is also restored as having a narrow prodomos with 2 columns in antis. Previously known (in conjunction with the Oikos of Andros) as the Monument of the Hexagons, from the marble decoration of the walls.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, House of the Diadoumenos

Site: Delos
Type: House
Summary: House: northwest of the Sacred Lake, among the other houses of the north quarter.
Date: ca. 200 B.C. - 150 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Irregular rectangle, made up of several rooms arranged around a columned court.

History:
Named for a copy of a Polykleitos sculpture found there.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 2 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, House of the Lake

Site: Delos
Type: House
Summary: House; near the Sacred Lake, directly to the north of the Lake.
Date: ca. 300 B.C. - 100 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Irregular shaped house, with irregularly shaped rooms grouped around a courtyard.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 3 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, House of the Masks

Site: Delos
Type: House Summary: House; in the theater quarter to the southeast of the theater.
Date: ca. 120 B.C. - 80 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Large house with courtyards, and probably a colonnade on the outside northeast corner.

History:
Walls painted to resemble marble. Mosaic pavements in 4 rooms depicting scenes related either to Dionysos or to drama. May have served as a hostel for visiting troops of performers.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, House of the Trident

Site: Delos
Type: House
Summary: House with peristyle court; in the theater quarter on the road of the theater.
Date: ca. 150 B.C. - 100 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Irregularly shaped with main door on the west leading to a large central courtyard with a Rhodian peristyle of Doric columns. Impluvium within courtyard with cistern for rainwater beneath.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 8 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, House on the Hill

Site: Delos
Type: House
Summary: House; west of the Sacred Lake and west of the houses of the north quarter.
Date: ca. 300 B.C. - 100 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Nearly square, several rectangular rooms off a court with a square peristyle.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 3 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Hypostyle Hall (Stoa of Poseidon)

Site: Delos
Type: Hall
Summary: Large hall with many interior columns; located off the northwest corner of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 210 B.C. - 200 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Almost entirely open on the south side. Facade of 15 Doric (but fluted as if Ionic) columns between pilasters. Interior colonnade of 44 columns, arranged in 2 rectangles, one within the other, with a line of columns in the center (the middle column of the line omitted). Outside rectangular colonnade was formed by Doric columns taller than the 15 columns of the facade. Inner rectangular colonnade of Ionic columns taller than both the outer rectangular colonnade and columns of the facade. Hipped roof with an opaion supported by Ionic piers.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 4 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Keraton

Site: Delos
Summary: Approximately square building; to the east of the Oikos of Andros and the Hieropoion.
Date: ca. 350 B.C.
Period: Late Classical

Plan:
Cella and pronaos.

History:
Alternative reconstructions include 12 prostyle Ionic columns and interior colonnades, not shown in this drawing. Identified as the Keraton, a building that housed an altar of the horns. Erected by the Athenians during the Second League.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Koinon of the Poseidoniasts

Site: Delos
Type: Hall
Summary: Complex of courts and rooms; west and slightly north of the Sacred Lake.
Date: ca. 125 B.C. - 100 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
A door on the southern side let into a short hall leading to a court with a colonnade on its western side, opening into 4 chapels. West of the entry were small rectangular rooms. East of the 1st court was a rectangular peristyle court with a Doric colonnade and a cistern. On the northwest corner of the structure and entered from the peristyle court was another court with a mosaic pavement, probably a meeting or reunion hall. In the southeast corner were reception halls with halls and shops below in a basement.

History:
Mixed Greek and Syrian design. Built by Syrian merchants and ship owners from Beirut during the time when Delos was briefly the commercial center of Greece, and used as a guild hall or club house. Baal, whom they principally worshipped, was identified with Poseidon, hence the name, Poseidoniasts.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 6 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, L-Shaped Stoa

Site: Delos
Type: Stoa
Summary: L-shaped stoa; bounded the Sanctuary of Artemis (Artemision) on the eastern side of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 110 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
One-aisled, L-shaped with Ionic colonnade opening west and south. At the southern end of the eastern wing the wall returns to create a small room.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, L-shaped Stoa of the Agora of the Delians

Site: Delos
Type: Stoa
Summary: Stoa creating north and east sides of a court; south of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 187 B.C. - 173 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Two-storied, L-shaped stoa opening south and west, with rooms behind the two-aisled colonnades. Pilasters on 2nd story instead of columns.

History:
Also referred to as the Rectangular Agora. The L- Shaped Stoa, the Oblique Stoa and the South Stoa created the sides of a court known as the Agora of the Delians.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Monument of Mithradates

Site: Delos
Type: Hall
Summary: Small hall; east and slightly north of the Theater, directly in front of the Samothrakeion.
Date: ca. 100 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Rectangular hall with 2 Ionic columns in antis at the entrance which opened to the south.

History:
A monument of Mithradates Eupater, king of Pontus, this structure had a statue of the king and medallion portraits of his generals on the walls.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Neorium (Monument of the Bulls)

Site: Delos
Type: Shipshed
Summary: Oblong hall; located on the eastern side of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 300 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Eight column hexastyle prostyle pronaos led into a long narrow cella with a pitched ceiling and floor depressed about 0.5 meters forming a basin and creating benches on each side. Cella had a room at the north end containing a large triangular base. Between the main room of the cella and the small inner room were Doric half columns engaged to each wall and 2 piers which were Doric half columns on one side and Bull capital pilasters on the other.

History:
Probably designed to hold a trireme dedicated after a naval victory, this building is built in the form of a shipshed. Previously called the Monument of the Bulls because of bulls head capitals on the interior pilasters. Dinsmoor refers to this as the Pythium (Pythion) because the small room to the north of the cella was dedicated to the Pythian Apollo.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Oblique Stoa

Site: Delos
Type: Stoa
Summary: Stoa; south of the Sanctuary of Apollo, south of the L-shaped Stoa of the Agora of the Delians.
Date: ca. 250 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
One-aisled stoa opening north with Doric colonnade.

History:
The Oblique Stoa, the L- Shaped Stoa of the Agora of the Delians and the South Stoa created the sides of a court known as the Agora of the Delians.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Oikos next to the Stoa of Antigonos

Site: Delos
Type: Hall
Summary: Rectangular building; in the Sanctuary of Apollo at the west end of the Stoa of Antigonos.
Date: ca. 402 B.C. - 394 B.C.
Period: Late Classical

Plan:
Rectangular room opening south onto a prostyle colonnade of 8 Doric columns.

History:
Referred to in inscriptions as the Oikos or Graphe, this may have been an administrative building. The colonnade is a later addition.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Oikos of Andros

Site: Delos
Summary: Rectangular building; on the western side of the Sanctuary of Apollo, at the north end of the Stoa of the Naxians.
Date: ca. 520 B.C.
Period: Archaic

Plan:
Simple rectangular room with entrance on the east. Southern wall was shared with the Stoa of the Naxians, northern wall shared with the Hieropoion.

History:
Previously known in conjunction with the Hieropoion as the Monument of the Hexagons, from the marble decoration of the walls.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Oikos of the Naxians

Site: Delos
Type: Hall
Summary: Rectangular hall with porches; on the southern side of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 575 B.C. - 560 B.C.
Period: Archaic

Plan:
Two-aisled hall with central colonnade of 8 columns, opening onto a porch distyle in antis at the west end and onto a porch of 4 prostyle Ionic columns at the east end.

History:
Used as a club house or guildhall. Dedicated by the Naxians to Apollo. This building replaced an earlier three-aisled hall of the 7th century B.C, which had an entrance on the north. Coulton and Dinsmoor claim an Ionic inner colonnade, Zaphiropoulou believes it was Doric. The prostyle porch on the east was a later addition.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 3 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Porinos Naos

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Temple; northernmost of the 3 temples to Apollo in the central part of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 550 B.C. - 525 B.C.
Period: Archaic

Plan:
Ionic temple with cella opening west onto a distyle in antis pronaos.

History:
This temple is also reconstructed as having 2 columns or piers dividing the entry into 3 parts and having a hexastyle prostyle Ionic porch. Erected by the Athenians, this temple may have replaced an earlier one built by the Naxians on the same location. Money of the Delian League was originally deposited and held in this building.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Propylon

Site: Delos
Type: Gate
Summary: Gate-building; on southern side of the Sanctuary of Apollo, between the Oikos of the Naxians on the east and the Stoa of the Naxians on the west.
Date: ca. 150 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Prostyle, 4 Doric columns on the south. Four interior columns dividing opening into 3 aisles. Three stepped platform.

History:
Built by the Athenians to replaced an earlier gateway.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 2 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Prytaneion

Site: Delos
Type: Prytaneion
Summary: Nearly rectangular building with internal divisions; toward the south side of the Sanctuary of Apollo, south of the Bouleuterion, west of the Neorium.
Date: ca. 500 B.C. - 350 B.C.
Period: Classical

Plan:
On the south a prodomos with 4 Doric columns and marble benches lining the walls, led into a marble-paved court. North of this court were 2 large rooms, each with a prodomos. West of the entrance of the northern room, were two smaller rooms.

History:
The large northeastern room may have been a rest house. By 166 B.C. the 2 small center rooms were dedicated to the cult of the Demos of Athens and Rome. The Prytaneis probably met in the northwesterly chamber where there are remains of an altar of Hestia. Small niches in the north wall may have held archives.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 3 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Samothrakeion

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Small temple; located northeast, high on the slope east of the Theater.
Date: ca. 400 B.C. - 300 B.C.
Period: Late Clas./Hell.

Plan:
A cella wider than long opened onto a pronaos with 4 Doric columns. Northeast corner of porch blocked by the Monument of Mithradates. Southern end of porch had 2 niches.

History:
Dedicated to the Kabeiroi, the Great Gods of Samothrace.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 3 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, South Stoa

Site: Delos
Type: Stoa
Summary: Stoa; south of the Sanctuary of Apollo and west of the Oblique Stoa and the L-shaped Stoa of the Agora of the Delians.
Date: ca. 270 B.C. - 230 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
One-aisled stoa with Doric colonnade opening west, with rooms behind. The center room was open on both ends creating a passage to the Agora of the Delians.

History:
The South Stoa, the Oblique Stoa and L- Shaped Stoa of the Agora of the Delians created the sides of a court known as the Agora of the Delians. Also referred to as the Little Stoa.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Stoa of Antigonos

Site: Delos
Type: Stoa
Summary: Two-aisled stoa; the north boundary of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 246 B.C. - 239 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Two-aisled stoa opening south with Doric outer and Ionic inner colonnades and projecting wings at either end. Along the south side, 47 Doric columns, fluted only on the upper portion. Ionic inner colonnade of 19 columns.

History:
Identified by inscription on the entablature as built by the Macedonian ruler Antigonos Gonatas. The stoa probably was for votive, not commercial use, since the area in front was lined with statues and other dedications.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Stoa of Philip

Site: Delos
Type: Stoa
Summary: Two-part stoa; south of the Sanctuary of Apollo, between the South Stoa and the harbor.
Date: ca. 216 B.C. - 200 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Two one-aisled stoas sharing a back wall, one simple stoa opening east, one L- shaped stoa opening west. Eastern stoa, opening east, 16 Doric columns with returning end walls that had 4 windows each. Western stoa, opening west, Doric colonnade with Ionic double half columns dividing main stoa from northeast room.

History:
Eastern stoa, dated to 216-200 B.C. by dedication inscription of Philip V. The western stoa was probably added shortly later, this dating based on inscriptions on contemporary exedrae.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 2 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Stoa of the Naxians

Site: Delos
Type: Stoa
Summary: L-shaped stoa; forming the southwest corner of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 550 B.C.
Period: Archaic

Plan:
L- shaped, one-aisled stoa with Ionic colonnade, opening north and east. North wall shared with Oikos of Andros.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Temple of Artemis

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Temple; toward the northwest corner of the Sanctuary of Apollo, south of the L-Shaped Stoa.
Date: ca. 179 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
East opening cella wider than long. Six prostyle Ionic columns on the eastern side in front of prolonged antae. The temple was set on a high base.

History:
This area of the Sanctuary of Apollo is dedicated to his sister Artemis. The Hellenistic temple replaced and incorporated the remains of a 7th century B.C. temple which had itself been built over the remains of a Mycenaean building.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Temple of Hera

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Temple; east of the Theater, east of Serapeion C.
Date: ca. 500 B.C.
Period: Archaic

Plan:
A cella with a distyle in antis pronaos with slender Doric columns and benches on pronaos walls. Marble altar just south of the temple, outside the peribolos wall.

History:
Beneath the remains of this Archaic temple are those of an early 7th century B.C. temple. The walls of the earlier temple were of mudbrick and outer columns were of wood on marble footings.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 4 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Temple of Leto

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Small temple; between the Sanctuary of Apollo and the Sacred Lake, west of the Agora of the Italians.
Date: ca. 550 B.C.
Period: Archaic

Plan:
Wide cella.

History:
Also called the Letoon, this temple has a more detailed reconstruction: 2 columns in antis in a wide opening between pronaos and cella. The pronaos may have been unroofed. A marble bench attached to the outside walls and on the inside walls ran a low ledge for offerings.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 3 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Temple of Serapis

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Small prostyle temple; east of the Theater, in the middle of the northern wall of Serapeion C.
Date: ca. 200 B.C. - 100 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Cella with extended antae and prostyle tetrastyle pronaos. Steps leading to the pronaos on 3 sides.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 2 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Temple of the 12 Gods

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Amphiprostyle temple; north of the Sanctuary of Apollo, between the Agora of the Italians and the Hypostyle Hall.
Date: ca. 320 B.C. - 280 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Doric amphiprostyle temple. Cella with a hexastyle prostyle pronaos opening east, and a hexastyle prostyle opisthodomos.

History:
Replaced an archaic building known as the Dodecatheon, a temple dedicated to the 12 gods.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 2 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Temple to Egyptian Gods

Site: Delos
Type: Temple
Summary: Small temple; east of the Theater, north of the Temple of Isis on the eastern side of the northern end of the Serapeion C.
Date: ca. 166 B.C. - 88 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Cella with pronaos distyle in antis, opening west. A door on the north and on the south communicating with the Temple of Isis.

History:
Dedicated to the Egyptian Gods, Anubis, Serapis and Isis, and contemporary with the Temple of Isis to the south.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Theater

Site: Delos
Type: Theater
Summary: Theater; south of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 280 B.C.
Period: Hellenistic

Plan:
Stage building (skene) with colonnades on all sides, may have had 3 stories. Seats divided horizontally by a diazomata. Lower section of seats had 26 rows, upper section 17. Entered through paradoi, special entrances at diazomata, and another entrance at the highest point of auditorium.

History:
Total capacity of 5500 people.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 6 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Thesmophorium

Site: Delos
Type: Hall
Summary: Rectangular building; forming the northwest corner of the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 480 B.C.
Period: Classical --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Plan:
Divided into 3 parts. The center section with door on the west was an open court, surrounded by a Doric peristyle, 4 columns to a side. There were 2 small cellas off of the peristyle court, one on the north side and one on the south side. In each cella were 4 interior Ionic columns, arranged in a square.

History:
Hall used as a temple. Also known as the Sanctuary to Demeter and Persephone (Kore).

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Treasury 1

Site: Delos
Type: Treasury
Summary: Small temple-like building; easternmost of the 5 treasuries which form an arc northeast of the 3 Temples of Apollo in the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 500 B.C. - 450 B.C.
Period: Archaic/Classical

Plan:
Cella opening south with pronaos and opisthodomos both distyle in antis.

History:
This building is also reconstructed without the opisthodomos.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Treasury 2

Site: Delos
Type: Treasury
Summary: Small temple-like building; 2nd from east of the 5 treasuries which form an arc northeast of the 3 Temples of Apollo in the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 500 B.C. - 450 B.C.
Period: Archaic/Classical

Plan:
Cella opening southwest onto a pronaos distyle in antis.

History:
Identified as probably the Hestiatorion of the Keians.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Treasury 3

Site: Delos
Type: Treasury Summary: Small temple-like building; the central of the 5 treasuries which form an arc northeast of the 3 Temples of Apollo in the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 500 B.C. - 450 B.C.
Period: Archaic/Classical

Plan:
Cella opening south onto a pronaos distyle in antis.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Treasury 4

Site: Delos
Type: Treasury
Summary: Small temple-like building; the 2nd from west and largest of the 5 treasuries which form an arc northeast of the 3 Temples of Apollo in the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 500 B.C. - 450 B.C.
Period: Archaic/Classical

Plan:
Cella with 3 supports running the length of the cella dividing it into 2 aisles. Cella opening south onto a pronaos tetrastyle in antis.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Treasury 5

Site: Delos
Type: Treasury
Summary: Small temple-like building; the most westerly of the 5 treasuries which form an arc northeast of the 3 Temples of Apollo in the Sanctuary of Apollo.
Date: ca. 600 B.C. - 500 B.C.
Period: Archaic

Plan:
Four columns dividing cella into 2 aisles. Cella opening south onto a pronaos with 4 Doric columns in antis.

History:
This treasury is also reconstructed as having up to 6 columns in the cella and up to 6 columns, prostyle, on the pronaos. The treasury was probably built by the Karystians.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Delos, Workshop of Theandridon

Site: Delos
Type: Workshop
Summary: Rectangular building; on the southern flank of the Sanctuary of Apollo, south of the Oikos of the Naxians.
Date: Unknown

Plan:
Divided into 3 sections. In each section a main room and a smaller room. Easternmost and central sections with small rooms to the north. Westernmost section divided into 2 almost equal sized rooms.

This text is cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 1 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


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