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Listed 5 sub titles with search on: Biotopes  for wider area of: "MESSINIA Prefecture PELOPONNISOS" .

Biotopes (5)

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Divari Lagoon (Pylos or Gialova Lagoon)


Official pages

Divari lagoon

The salt lake of Divari is located in the north part of the Bay of Navarino in Pylos, between Yialova and the island of Sfaktiria. Since 1987 it has been a shelter for aquatic birds where hunting is forbidden. In the area of the salt lake have been recorded species of aquatic birds like: Ducks, falarides, Kormorani, herons, whitetsikniades, silverytsikniades, swans, wild swans, kalamokirkos as well as rare species of cranes and finikoptera (=palm feathers). It constitutes an excellent area for research on ornithology and the animal kingdom as well as on aquatic life and for observation of wild life by visitors who have relevant interests.

This text is cited March 2003 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below, which contains image.

Mali Forest

  The forest of Aegaleo-Mali Trifylia is situated on the east -mainly- slopes of the mountain range of Aegaleo, which starts in the east of Kyparissia and ends in the east of Chora, going from North to South. The name of the forest comes from the town of Mali on the plateau of Mali -which have the same name- and belongs to the forest Inspectorate of Kalamata. It is managed after a study which covers an area of 108.000 stremmata and it botanically-socially belongs to:
  the cold boundaries of the QUERSETALIA ILIKIS and the increasing area of QUERSION ILIKIS as well as botanical-social union of ADRACHNOQUERCETUM ILIKIS.
  the hot boundaries of the deciduous zove of the vegetation QUERCETALIA PUBESCENSTIS and specifically the increasing mediterranean area of OSTRIO-CARPINION of the botanical-social union of COCCIFERO-CARPINETUM. The main species of trees are the aria (Quercus ilex), the broad-leaved oak (Quercus conferta), the pournari (Q. Coccifera) and the downy oak. At lower altitudes there are arbutus bushes (Arbutus unedo), the ryki (Erica Verticilata) and the frazos (Fraxinus ornos).
  In the empty spaces and at close distances in the forest we see these species:
  asfaka, afana, wood afana, wild pears, kounoukla, fern, grain, oregano, wild lupine etc.
  The above species of vegetation correspond to the climatic conditions of the area and developed without intervention by the people. The petrification of the forest consists mainly of Messinian unpared, rounded cohesive conglomerates with Pindus calcareous and hornstone elements, as well as calcareous elements of the Tripolis zone with irregular intercalation of sludge marls.
  The climate in the forest is transitional with heavy rainfall, mild winters and average mediterranean summer. The winds are northwesterly and the snowfall is rare so that the forest dry and warm vegetation is favored.
  Because of the rock there are not any springs while small hydrolic network of the forest mainly consists of small hydrolic streams which are fed by rainwater only.
   Access to the forest is possible via the highway Kyparissia-Mali or southerly via Hora-Touloupa Hania-Metaxades.

This text is cited March 2003 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below, which contains image.

  The island of Sapietza is 2 km south of Methoni to which it belongs administratively.It is uninhabited and is 6.5 km in length and covers an area of 8.500 stremmata. Access to the island is possible via Methoni with small boats which anchor on the east coast which is more accessible and leeward.
  Its shape is oblong and it is composed by two parts which unite in the area of Lemos with a narrow strip of land which is 250 m. wide. It is rocky except for a small area of about 50 stremmata around which is a forest of arbutus bushes and fyliki in the form of trees. This forest has been characterised as the «esthetic forest» and constitutes a typical form of an undisturbed mediterranean forest.
  The climate is mediterranean with quite a bit of rainfall during winter but it has no drinking water.
  Since 1982 it has been a shelter for prey and occasionally pheasants, quails, partridges, tsoukar, Cretan chamois, woodcocks and species of doves have been freed there by the Inspectorate of Kalamata. The birds of prey are fed on arbutus bushes, schinokarpo and grass vegetation in winter and spring while in summer and due to the drought supplementary food is required.
  For their water supply reservoir facilities have been made, which are necessary for the growth of the birds of prey. Hunting in the area is only permitted if you have a special permit from the forest Inspectorate and only during specific seasons.

This text is cited March 2003 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below, which contains image.

  On the east side of the island, a rocky bay is located, called Maghazakia, where a good dock is. This is where the path that leads to the heart of the island, starts. There, the mountains form a natural fort around the protected valley, where a miracle of nature is preserved intact, the only Mediterranean Strawberry Tree Forest. It is comprised of trees, not bushes, with a height that is well over 10 -12 m., which develop so much due to its isolation as well as the climatological conditions in the past 10.000 years. The forest and surrounding area of 24 hectars has been declared a natural preserve monument since 1986. Before this forest, an unusual sight is revealed: in the deep of the lushious green valley, in the center of the island, instead of vegitation, there is an orange-green plateau. This is a strange stone that was created by huge volumes of pollen that were concentrated there. This particular valley is named Spartolakka nad is the best source of information on the island for the scientists, concerning the dating of the forest.
  The surrounding slopes are coverd in thick Pistacia lentiscus, Quercus coccifera, Olea europaea sylvestris, Calycotome villosa, Querqus ilex, and wild flowers. The vegitation is wild and thick. It is the habitat for herds of wild animals and birds. Here we meet herds of wild cretan wild goats (known as krikri) as well as wild sheep (mouflon). Through the vegitation, pheasants, growse, Columba livia, Scolopax rusticola, Turdus philomelos, spring up in the air.
  It is usual for the visitor to come upon the previously mentioned inhabitants of the island. the area is controlled by the forestry dividion and hunting is allowed in it for a few months only, and for a particular number of game, under the supervision of a chaperon. In this way, the populations on the island are preserved.

This extract is cited March 2004 from the Municipality of Methoni URL below.

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