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Listed 11 sub titles with search on: Various locations  for wider area of: "SARMATIA Ancient country RUSSIA" .

Various locations (11)

Ancient place-names


DAKIA (Ancient area) SARMATIA
Marisus (Marisos, Strab. vii. 304; Maris, Herod. iv. 49; Marisia, Jornand. de Reb. Get. 5; Geogr. Rav.), a river of Dacia, which both Herodotus and Strabo describe as falling into the Danube; it is the same as the Marosch, which falls into the Theiss. (Heeren, Asiat. Nations, vol. ii. p. 10, trans.; Schafarik, Slav. Alt. vol. i. p. 507.)


Sariphi Montes (ta Saripha ore), a chain of mountains, extending, according to Ptolemy, between Margiana and Ariana, and the watershed of several small streams. They are probably those now called the Hazaras. Manner (v. 2. p. 65), has supposed them the same as the Sappheiroi, but this is contrary to all probability.

Abianus river

SARMATIA (Ancient country) RUSSIA
Abianus (Abianos), a river of Scythia (Sarmatia) falling into the Euxine, mentioned only in the work of Alexander on the Euxine, as giving name to the ABII, who dwelt on its banks. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Abioi.) Stephanus elsewhere quotes Alexander as saying that the district of Hylea on the Euxine was called Abike, which he interprets by Glaia, woody (Steph. Byz. s. v. Glea.).

Lycus river

  Lycus (Lukos), a river of Sarmatia, which flows through the country of the Thyssagetae, and discharges itself into the Palus Maeotis. (Herod. iv. 124.) Herodotus was so much in error about the position of the Maeotis, that it is difficult to make out his geography here. The Lycus has been identified with the Lagous of Pliny (vi. 7), or the upper course of the Volga. (Comp. Schafarik, Slav. Alt. vol. i. p. 499.) Rennell (Geog. of Herod. vol. i. p. 119) supposes it may be the Medweditza. It must be distinguished from the Lycus of Ptolemy (iii. 5. § 13), which is the modern Kalmius. (Schafarik, l. c.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited October 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Marabius river

Marabius (Marabios, Maroubios, Ptol. v. 9. § 2), a river of Sarmatia, which Reichard has identified with the Manyez, an affluent of the Don, on the left bank of that river. Some have considered the Manyez to represent the Achardeus (Achardeos but Strabo (xi. p. 506) expressly says that the latter discharges itself into the Maeotis. (Schafarik, Slav. Alt. vol. i. pp. 60, 500.)

Oaeones islands

Oaeones (Mela, iii. 6. § 8; Solin. 19. § 6) or Oonae (Plin. iv. 13. s. 27), islands in the Baltic off the coast of Sarmatia, the inhabitants of which were said to live on the eggs of birds and wild oats.

Rhubon river

  Rhubon, Rhudon (Rhoubonos ekb., Ptol. iii. 5. § 2; Rhoudonos ekb., Marcian. Heracl. Peripl. § 39, ed. Muller), a river of European Sarmatia which took its source in the Alani Montes and discharged itself into the Venedicus Sinus. Schafarik (Slav. Alt. vol. i. p. 497) has identified it with the Duna, which, taking a direction generally W., falls into the Gulf of Riga below Fort Dunamunde, after a course of 655 miles. This same ethnologist connects the mythic Eridanus, and the trees that wept amber, with the Rhudon of Marcian (Rhubon appears to be a corrupted form), which Sabinus, a commentator upon Virgil, A.D. 1544, calls Rhodanus. The amber could be brought by land, or by water from the coasts where it was collected to the Duna, and thence by boats conveyed to the Borysthenes and the coasts of the Euxine. The name Eri-danus, closely connected with Rhodanus, is composed of the words Rha and Don, roots which, in several of the Indo-European languages, signify water, river, as for instance in Rha, the old name for the Volga, and Danubius, Tanais, Danapris, Danastris, and the like.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited October 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Rha potamos (river)

  Rha (Rha potamos, Ptol. v. 9. §§ 12, 17, 19, 21, vi. 14. §§ 1, 4; Amm. Marc. xxii. 8. § 28; Rhos, Agathem. ii. 10: Volga) a river of Asiatic Sarmatia, which according to Ptolemy (l. c.), the earliest geographer who had any accurate knowledge of this longest of European streams, had its twin sources in the E. and W. extremities of the Hyperborean mountains, and discharged itself into the Hyrcanian sea. The affluents which Ptolemy (vi. 14. § 4) describes as falling into it from the Rhymmici Montes, and which must not be confounded with the river Rhymmus, are the great accession made to the waters of the Volga by the Kama in the government of Kasan. Ammianus Marcellinus (l. c.) says that its banks were covered with the plant which bore the same name as the river--the rha or rheon of Dioscorides (rha, rheon, iii. 11) and rhacoma of Pliny (xxvii. 105), or officinal rhubarb. (Comp. Pereira, Mat. Med. vol. ii. pt. 1. p. 1343.) The old reading Rha in the text of Pomponius Mela (iii. 5. § 4) has been shown by Tzschucke (ad loc.) to be a mistake of the earlier editors, for which he substitutes Casius, a river of Albania. The Oarus (Oaros, Herod. iv. 123, 124), where, according to the story of the Scythian expedition, the erection of eight fortresses was supposed to mark the extreme point of the march of Dareius, has been identified by Klaproth, and Schafarik (Slav. Alt. vol. i. p. 499)-who mentions that in the language of some tribes the Volga is still called Rhau -with that river.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited October 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Zygopolis (Sugopolis, Strab. xii. p. 548), a town in Pontus, in the neighbourhood of Colchis. Stephanus B. (p. 290) conjectures that it was in the territory of the Zygi, which, however, does not agree with Strabo's description.

Tyras river

TYRAS (Ancient city) DAKIA
A Scythian river, the Dniester, Cimmerian graves by it, its source, mark of Herakles' foot on its bank.

  Tyras (o Turas, Strab. ii. p. 107), one of the principal rivers of European Sarmatia. According to Herodotus (iv. 51) it rose in a large lake, whilst Ptolemy (iii. 5. § 17, 8. § 1, &c.) places its sources in Mount Carpates, and Strabo (l. c.) says that they are unknown. The account of Herodotus, however, is correct, as it rises in a lake in Gallicia. (Georgii, Alte-Geogr. p. 269.) It ran in an easterly direction parallel with the Ister, and formed part of the boundary between Dacia and Sarmatia. It fell into the Pontus Euxinus to the NE. of the mouth of the Ister; the distance between them being, according to Strabo, 900 stadia (Strab. vii. p. 305, seq.), and, according to Pliny (iv. 12. s. 26), 130 miles (from the Pseudostoma). Scymnus (Fr. 51) describes it as of easy navigation, and abounding in fish. Ovid (ex Pont. iv. 10. 50) speaks of its rapid course. At a later period it obtained the name of Danastris or Danastus (Amm. Marc. xxxi. 3. § 3; Jornand. Get. 5; Const. Porphyr. de Adm. Imp. 8), whence its modern name of Dniester (Neister), though the Turks still call it Tural. (Cf. Herod. iv. 11, 47, 82; Scylax, p. 29; Strab. i. p. 14; Mela, ii. 1, &c.; also Schaffarik, Slav. Alterth. i. p. 505.) The form Turis is sometimes found. (Steph. B. p. 671; Suid. s. v. Skuphai and Poseidonios.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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