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Listed 16 sub titles with search on: Monuments reported by ancient authors for destination: "EGHION Ancient city ACHAIA".


Monuments reported by ancient authors (16)

Ancient sanctuaries

Sanctuary of Eileithyia

   At Aegium is an ancient sanctuary of Eileithyia, and her image is covered from head to foot with finely-woven drapery; it is of wood except the face, hands and feet, which are made of Pentelic marble. One hand is stretched out straight; the other holds up a torch. One might conjecture that torches are an attribute of Eileithyia because the pangs of women are just like fire. The torches might also be explained by the fact that it is Eileithyia who brings children to the light. The image is a work of Damophon the Messenian.


Sanctuary of Dionysus

Near the theater they have a sanctuary of Dionysus with an image of the god as a beardless youth.


Sanctuary of Artemis

In the market-place there is a sanctuary of Artemis, who is represented in the act of shooting an arrow.


Sanctuary of Aphrodite

By the sea at Aegium is a sanctuary of Aphrodite.


Sanctuary of Poseidon

By the sea at Aegium is a sanctuary of Aphrodite, and after it one of Poseidon.


Sanctuary of the Maiden

By the sea at Aegium is a sanctuary of Aphrodite, and after it one of Poseidon; there is also one of the Maiden, daughter of Demeter.


Sanctyary of Zeus Homagyrius (Assembler)

   By the sea at Aegium is a sanctuary of Aphrodite, and after it one of Poseidon; there is also one of the Maiden, daughter of Demeter, and one to Zeus Homagyrius ( Assembler). Here are images of Zeus, of Aphrodite and of Athena. The surname Assembler was given to Zeus because in this place Agamemnon assembled the most eminent men in Greece, in order that they might consult together how to make war on the empire of Priam.


Sanctuary of Demeter Panachaean

Adjoining Zeus the Assembler is a sanctuary of Demeter Panachaean.


Sanctuary of Safety

They have also a sanctuary of Safety. Her image may be seen by none but the priests, and the following ritual is performed. They take cakes of the district from the goddess and throw them into the sea, saying that they send them to Arethusa at Syracuse.


Shrines

Precinct of Asclepius

Not far from Eileithyia is a precinct of Asclepius, with images of him and of Health. An iambic line on the pedestal says that the artist was Damophon the Messenian.


Precinct of Zeus Saviour

There is also in the market-place a precinct of Zeus surnamed Saviour, with two images, both of bronze, on the left as you go in; the one without a beard seemed to me the more ancient.


Ancient temples

Temple of Athena

At Aegium you find a temple of Athena and a grove of Hera. Of Athena there are two images of white marble.


Temple of Hera

At Aegium you find a temple of Athena and a grove of Hera. The image of Hera may be seen by nobody except the woman who happens to hold the office of priestess to the goddess.


Temple of Apollo and Artemis

By the market-place at Aegium is a temple shared by Apollo and Artemis in common.


Ancient statues

Statues of the gods from Argos

   In a building right in front of the entrance are images, of bronze like the others, representing Poseidon, Heracles, Zeus and Athena. They are called gods from Argos. The Argives say it is because they were made in Argos; the people of Aegium themselves say that the images were deposited by the Argives with them on trust. They say further that they were ordered to sacrifice each day to the images. But bethinking themselves of a trick they sacrificed a vast number of animals, but the victims they ate up at public feasts, so that they were not put to any expense. At last the Argives asked for the images to be returned, whereupon the people of Aegium asked for the cost of the sacrifices. As the Argives had not the means to pay, they left the images at Aegium.


Statues of Zeus and Heracles

   There are at Aegium other images made of bronze, Zeus as a boy and Heracles as a beardless youth, the work of Ageladas of Argos. Priests are elected for them every year, and each of the two images remains at the house of the priest. In a more remote age there was chosen to be priest for Zeus from the boys he who won the prize for beauty. When his beard began to grow the honor for beauty passed to another boy. Such were the customs.


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