Information about the place ZACHARO (Small town) ILIA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)

Arene

ARINI (Ancient city) ILIA
  A town mentioned by Homer as belonging to the dominions of Nestor. and situated near the spot where the Minyeius flows into the sea. (Hom. Il. ii. 591, xi. 723.) It also occurs in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo (423), in conjunction with other towns on the western coast of Peloponnesus. According to Pausanias (iv. 2. § 4, 3. § 7), it was built by Aphareus, who called it after Arene, both his wife and his sister by the same mother. It was commonly supposed in later times that Arene occupied the site of Samos or Samia in Triphylia, near the mouth of the Anigrus, which was believed to be the same as the Minyeius. (Strab. viii. p. 346; Paus. v. 6. § 2.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Lepreum

LEPREON (Ancient city) ILIA
  to Lepreon, Lepreos, Leprion, Eth. Lepreates. The chief town of Triphylia in Elis, was situated in the southern part of the district, at the distance of 100 stadia from Samicum, and 40 stadia from the sea. (Strab. viii.) Scylax and Ptolemy, less correctly, describe it as lying upon the coast. Triphylia is said to have been originally inhabited by the Cauconians, whence Lepreum is called by Callimachns (Hymn. in Jov. 39) Kaukonon ptoliethon. The Caucones were afterwards expelled by the Minyae, who took possession of Lepreum. (Herod. iv. 148.) Subsequently, and probably soon after the Messenian wars, Lepreum and the other cities of Triphylia were subdued by the Eleians, who governed them as subject places. The Triphylian cities, however, always bore this yoke with impatience; and Lepreum took the lead in their frequent attempts to shake off the Eleian supremacy. The greater importance of Lepreum is shown by the fact that it was the only one of the Triphylian towns which took part in the Persian wars. (Herod. ix. 28.) In B.C. 421 Lepreum, supported by Sparta, revolted from Elis (Thuc. v. 31); and at last, in 400, the Eleians, by their treaty with Sparta, were obliged to relinquish their authority over Lepreum and the other Triphylian towns. (Xen. Hell. iii. 2. 25) When the Spartan power had been broken by the battle of Leuctra (B.C. 371), the Spartans endeavoured to recover their supremacy over Lepreum and the other Triphylian towns; but the latter protected themselves by becoming members of the Arcadian confederacy, which had been recently founded by Epaminondas. (Xen. Hell. vi. 5. 2, seq.) Hence Lepreum is called an Arcadian town by Scylax and Pliny, the latter of whom erroneously speaks both of a Leprion in Elis (iv. 5. s. 6), and of a Lepreon in Arcadia (iv. 5. s. 10). Pausanias also states that the Lepreatae in his time claimed to be Arcadians; but he observes that they had been subjects of the Eleians from ancient times,--that as many of them as had been victors in the public games were proclaimed as Eleians from Lepreus,--and that Aristophanes describes Lepreus as a city of the Eleians. (Paus. v. 5. § 3.) After the time of Alexander the Eleians again reduced the Triphylian cities, which therefore were obliged to join the Aetolian league along with the Eleians. But when Philip, in his war with the Aetolians, marched into Triphylia, the inhabitants of Lepreum rose against the Eleian garrison in their town, and declared in favour of Philip, who thus obtained possession of the place. (Polyb. iv. 77, 79, 80.) In the time of Pausanias the only monument in Lepreum was a temple of Demeter, built of brick. In the vicinity of the town was a fountain named Arene. (Paus. v. 5. § 6.) The territory of Lepreum was rich and fertile. Chora eudaimon, (Strab. viii.)
  The ruins of Lepreum are situated upon a hill, near the modern village of Strovitzi. These ruins show that Lepreum was a town of some size. A plan of them is given by the French Commission, which is copied in the work of Curtius. They were first described by Dodwell. It takes half an hour to ascend from the first traces of the walls to the acropolis, which is entered by an ancient gateway. The towers are square; one of them is almost entire, and contains a small window or arrow hole. A transverse wall is carried completely across the acropolis, by which means it was anciently divided into two parts. The foundation of this wall, and part of the elevation, still remain. Three different periods of architecture are evident in this fortress. The walls are composed of polygons: some of the towers consist of irregular, and others of rectangular quadrilaterals. The ruins extend far below the acropolis, on the side of the hill, and are seen on a flat detached knoll.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Pylus

PYLOS TRIFYLIAS (Ancient city) ILIA
  Pulos: Eth. Pulios. A town in Triphylia, mentioned only by Strabo, and surnamed by him Triphuliakos, Arkadikos, and Lepreatikos. He describes it as situated 30 stadia from the sea, on the rivers Mamathus and Arcadicus, west of the mountain Minthe and north of Lepreum (viii. p. 344). Upon the conquest of the Triphylian towns by the Eleians, Pylus was annexed to Lepreum (viii. p. 355). Leake observes that the village Tjorbadji, on the western extremity of Mount Minthe, at the fork of two branches of the river of Ai Sidhero, seems to agree in every respect with Strabo's description of this town. (Peloponnesiaca, p. 109.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities

Lepreum

LEPREON (Ancient city) ILIA
A town of Elis in Triphylia, situated forty stadia from the sea. Its name was derived from Leprea, daughter of Pyrgeus, or from Lepreus, son of Poseidon, and rival of Heracles, by whom he was slain.

Pylos

PYLOS TRIFYLIAS (Ancient city) ILIA
   The name of three towns on the western coast of the Peloponnesus.
(2) In Triphylia, about thirty stadia from the coast, on the river Mamaus, west of the mountain Minthe, and north of Lepreum.

Non-profit organizations WebPages

Zacharo

ZACHARO (Small town) ILIA
Pages of Athens & Piraeus Zacharians Association

Official Web-Sites

Kaiafas spa resort

KAIAFAS (Spa) ILIA
  Kaiafas lake is situated on the way from Pyrgos to Kalamata, approximately 20 minutes drive from Pyrgos just before you reach Zaharo. Kaiafas is a well known spa, its famous mineral waters gush from two caves formed by crevices in the rocks.
  The larger one is called the cave of the Anigrides, the smaller the Geranion grotto, dwelling places of nymphs since antiquity.
  The place is strangely beautiful, delightful, though the odor of the springs does detract somewhat. Legend maintains that the centaur Nessus washed his wound here after being struck by Heracles' poison arrow, and that is why the water smells.
  However, Kaiafas is not only sulphurous springs. It is also pine trees, sand, sea and a long, long shore. It's hard indeed to draw yourself away from such a sea.

This text is cited December 2004 from the West Greece Region General Secretariat URL below, which contains image.


Zacharo

ZACHARO (Small town) ILIA
  Zacharo is a market town enveloped in pines and olive, trees bordered by an enormous stretch of beach with white sand and sparkling water.
  The soil is fertile here, the land blessed, the fields endless.
  Every corner is cultivated with vines, olive groves, corn, wheat, vegetables.
  Every place iswell tended, nothing is wild.
  It's nice to fall asleep next to a threshing floor or on a sandy beach.
  Heading north you come to Kaiafas, a well known spa, and the islet of Agia Ekaterini, in the middle of a small harbour.
  On the eastern shore, the famous mineral waters gush from two caves formed by crevices in the rocks.
  The place is strangely beautiful, delightful, though the odor of the springs does detract somewhat.
  Legend maintains that the centaur Nessus washed his wound here after being struck by Herakles' poisonous arrow, and that is why the water smells. Kaiafas is not only sulphurous springs, however; it is also pine trees, sand and sea and a long, long shore.

This text is cited December 2004 from the West Greece Region General Secretariat URL below, which contains image.


Perseus Project

Arene

ARINI (Ancient city) ILIA

Perseus Project index

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites

Lepreon

  About 7 km from the coast, on a steep hill N of Strovitsi village. The hill falls sharply to the N. It is said to have been founded by Minyans, who drove out the original Kaukonians (Hdt. 4.148). Although the Triphylians claimed to be part of Arkadia, Lepreon was dependent upon Elis through much of its history (Paus. 5.5.3). From the early 4th to the mid 2d c. it was drawn at various times into the orbits of Sparta, the Arkadian League, Philip V, and, finally, the Achaian League. In 146 it was permanently assigned to Elis, and was of little importance in Pausanias' day. Men of Lepreon fought at Plataia (Hdt. 9.28,31; Paus. 5.23.2).
  There are considerable remains of the fortified citadel, with several towers, and an enclosed keep at the NE corner. On the W, traces of a wall descend towards the valley. The walls include several styles of masonry, but probably only two periods are represented; the earlier of these may be 4th c. work, but the remains are mostly Hellenistic.
  Rectangular foundations, probably of two temples, have been observed on the citadel hill. Numerous tombs have been found by peasants in the valley to the S around Strovitsi; and there is an ancient well below the keep to the N.

F. E. Winter, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


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