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for destination: "ARIOS PAGOS
Information about the place (2)
Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
The hill of Ares. A rocky eminence lying to the west of the
Athenian Acropolis. To account for the name, various stories were told. Thus,
some said that it was so called from the Amazons, the daughters of Ares, having
encamped there when they attacked Athens; others again, as Aeschylus, from the
sacrifices there offered by them to that god; while the more received opinion
connected the name with the legend of Ares having been brought to trial there
by Poseidon for the murder of his son, Halirrhothius .
To no legend, however, did the place owe its fame, but rather
to the ancient criminal court or council (he en Areioi pagoi boule) which held
its sittings there, and sometimes received the name of he ano boule, to distinguish
it from the Solonian Senate of Four Hundred, or the later Clisthenian Senate
of Five Hundred. Solon's legislation raised the Areopagus into one of the most
powerful bodies by transferring to it the greater part of the jurisdiction of
the Ephetae, as well as the supervision of the entire public administration,
the conduct of magistrates, the transactions of the popular assembly, religion,
laws, morals, and discipline, and giving it power to call even private persons
to account for offensive behaviour.
This text is cited Sep 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
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