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Information about the place (1)
The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites
On the S coast in Greek Lemesos. Remains of a sizable town, whose
limits are difficult to define, are largely covered by the modern town. The necropolis
lies E and N.
Practically nothing is known of the founding of this town except that
it must have succeeded a Late Bronze Age settlement located N of Limassol. On
present-day evidence the town was in existence from Geometric to Roman times but
the area had been inhabited since the Early Bronze Age and after the Roman period.
Nothing is known of its early history and by the time this place is known by a
name we are already in post-Roman times. By the 5th c. A.D. it was a town of some
importance with an established episcopal see. It was then known by several names
such as Neapolis, Theodosias, or Theodosiana. By the following century this had
become Nemesos. The name Neapolis, however, might be earlier (Bios Auxibiou 13).
The Life informs us that Tychicos I was consecrated to the see of Neapolis in
the time of St. Paul.
The name appears in an inscription of the second half of the 3d c.
B.C. This inscription, which was acquired in the village of Gypsos in the hinterland
of Salamis, honors Nikandros, commandant of Neapolis, but as no other town of
that name can be found within Cyprus it may well refer to the predecessor of Limassol.
It has also been suggested that this Neapolis might be identified
with Kartihadast but since this name applies rather to Kition this view must be
dismissed. Moreover nothing Phoenician has been found so far in Limassol.
The town site is unexplored but many casual finds have been recorded.
K. Nicolaou, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites,
Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from
Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
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