Odessus (Odessos, Strab. vii. p. 319; Scymn. 748; Diod. xix. 73, xx.
112; Appian, Ill. 30; Arrian, Per. p. 24; Anon. Per. p. 13; Ptol. iii. 10. § 8,
viii. 11. § 6; Steph. B. s. v.; Mela, ii. 2. § 5; Plin. iv. 18; Ovid, Trist. i.
9. 37: the reading Odesopolis, Scyl. p. 29, is simply a corruption for Odgsos
polis, for the name was written both with the single and the double o; the latter
form occurs on the autonomous coins, the former on those of the Empire: Odussos,
Hierocl.; Procop. de Aed. iv. 11; Odissos, Amm. Marc. xxii. 8. § 43), a town on
the W. coast of the Euxine, at the mouth of the river Panysus, 24 M. P. (Anton.
Itin.), or 34 M. P. (Peut. Tab.), from Dionysopolis, and 360 stadia from tie E.
termination of Haemus (Emineh Burnu). Odessus was founded by the Milesians (Strab.
l. c.; Plin. l. c.), if credit may be given to the author of the poem which goes
under the name of Scymnus (l. c.), as early as the reign of Astyages, or B.C.
594-560. (Clinton, F. H.; Raoul-Rochette, Col. Gr. vol. iii. p. 786.) From the
inscriptions in Bockh (Inscr. Nos. 2056, a, b, c), it would seem to have been
under a democratic form of government, and to have presided over the union of
five Greek cities on this coast, consisting of Odessus, Tomi, Callatis, Mesambria,
and Apollonia. When the Bulgarians swept over the Danubian provinces in A.D. 679
they are found occupying Varna (Barna, Theophan. p. 298; Niceph. p. 23; Cedren.
vol. i. p. 440), which is described as being near Odessus. (St. Martin, ap. Le
Beau, Bas Empire, vol. xi. p. 447; Schafarik, Slav. Alt. vol. ii. p. 217.) The
autonomous coins of Odessus exhibit types referring to the worship of Serapis,
the god imported by Ptolemy into Alexandreia, from the shores of Pontus. The series
of imperial coins ranges from Trajan to Salonina, the wife of Gallienus. (Eckhel,
vol. ii. p. 36; Rasche, vol. iii. pt. 2. p. 51; Mionnet, Descr. des Med. vol.
i. p. 395, Suppl. vol. ii. p. 350.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)