Ονομάστηκε Τριφυλία από τις τρείς διαφορετικές φυλές της χώρας: αρχικά τους Επιούς, αργότερα τους Μινύες και ύστερα τους Ηλείους, που τελικά επεκράτησαν (Στράβ. 8,3,3). Ο Στράβων την παραδίδει ως περιοχή της Ηλείας.
The southern portion of Elis, lying between the Alpheus and the Neda, and said to have derived its name from the three different tribes by which it was peopled. Its chief town was Pylos.
Triphylia (Triphulia) is the smallest of the three divisions of Elis, and contains only a very small portion of level land, as the Arcadian mountains here approach almost close to the sea. Along nearly the whole of the Triphylian coast there is a series of lagoons already mentioned. At a later time the Alpheius was the northern boundary of Triphylia; but at an earlier period the territory of the Pisatis must have extended south of the Alpheius, though all its chief towns lay to the north of that river. The. mountain along the southern side of the Alpheius immediately opposite Olympia was called originally Ossa (Strab. viii. p. 356), but appears to have been afterwards called Phsellon (Strab. viii. p. 344, where Phellona should probably be read instead of Pholoen). Further south are two ranges of mountains, between which the river Anigrus flows into the sea: of these the more northerly, called in ancient times Lapithas (Lapithas, Paus. v. 5. § 8), and at present Smerna, is 2533 feet high; while the more southerly, called in ancient times, Minthe (Minthe, Strab. viii. p. 344), and now Alvena rises to the height of 4009 feet. Minthe, which is the loftiest mountain in Elis, was one of the seats of the worship of Hades; and the herb, fromw hich it derived its name. was sacred to Persephone. The river Neda divided Triphylia from Messenia.
This extract is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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