ΑΒΡΟΤΟΝΟΝ (Αρχαία πόλη) ΛΙΒΥΗ
(Abrotonon). An African coasttown lying between the Syrtes. It was founded by the Phoenicians, and subsequently became a Roman colony. It was also called Neapolis; and with Oea and Leptis Magna formed the so-called African Tripolis.
Another name for Abrotonum.
A titular see in Tripolitana.
Sabrata was a Phoenician
town on the northern coast of Africa, between the two Syrta. With Oca and Leptis
Magna it caused the Greek name Tripolis to be given to the region. Its Phoenician
name, which occurs on coins and in an inscription at Thevesta, was hellenized
Abrotomon, though Pliny (V, 4) makes these two separate towns. Sabrata
became a Roman colony; Justinian fortified the town and built there a beautiful
church. In the Middle Ages it continued to be an important market.
The Arab writers call it Sabrat en-Nefousa, from a powerful tribe, the Nefousa, formerly Christian. Sabrata is now represented by Zouagha, a small town called by Europeans Tripoli Vecchia, in the vilayet of Tripoli, fifty miles west of the town of Tripoli. Its ruins lie a little north of the village; they consist of crumbled ramparts, an amphitheatre, and landing-stage.
Four of its bishops are known: Pompey in 233; Nados, present at the Conference of Carthage, 411; Vincent, exiled by Genseric about 450; Leo, exiled by Huneric after the Conference of Carthage, 484.
S. Petrides, ed.
Transcribed by: Ed Sayre
This extract is cited June 2003 from The Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent online edition URL below.
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