ERMIONI (Ancient city) ARGOLIS
Hermion, a son of Europs, and grandson of Phoroneus, was, according to a tradition of Hermione, the founder of that town on the south-east coast of Peloponnesus. (Paus. ii. 34. 5)
Chthonia, may mean the subterraucous, or the goddess of the earth, that is, the
protectress of the fields, whence it is used as a surname of infernal divinities,
such as Hecate (Apollon. Rhod. iv. 148; Orph. Hymn. 35. 9), Nyx (Orph. Hymn. 2.
8), and Melinoe (Orph. Hymn. 70. 1), but especially of Demeter (Herod. ii. 123;
Orph. Hymn. 39. 12; Artemid. ii. 35; Apollon. Rhod. iv. 987). Although the name,
in the case of Demeter, scarcely requires explanation, yet mythology relates two
stories to account for it. According to one of them, Clymenus and Chthonia, the
children of Phoroneus, founded at Hermione a sanctuary of Demeter, and called
her Chthonia from the name of one of the founders (Paus. ii. 3.5.3). According
to an Argive legend, Demeter on her wanderings came to Argolis, where she was
ill-received by Colontas. Chthonia, his daughter, was dissatisfied with her father's
conduct, and, when Colontas and his house were burnt by the goddess, Chthonia
was carried off by her to Hermione, where she built a sanctuary to Demeter Chthonia,
and instituted the festival of the Chthonia
in her honour (Paus. ii. 35. 3;) A third mythical personage of this name occurs
in Apollodorus (iii. 15. § 1).
Chthonius (Chthonios) has the same meaning as Chthonia, and is therefore applied to the
gods of the lower world, or the shades (Hom. II. ix. 457; Hesiod. Op. 435; Orph.
Hymn. 17. 3, 69. 2, Argon. 973), and to beings that are considered as earth-born
(Apollod. iii. 4.1; Apollon. Rhod. iv. 1398). It is also used in the sense of
"gods of the land", or "native divinities" (Apollon. Rhod. iv. 1322). There are
also several mythical personages of the name of Chthonius (Apollod. ii. 1.5, iii.
4.1, 5; Ov. Met. xii. 441; Diod. v. 53; Paus. ix. 5; Hygin. Fab. 178).
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