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Listed 8 sub titles with search on: Homeric world  for wider area of: "ARINI Ancient city ILIA" .

Homeric world (8)

Greeks of the Homeric Catalogue of Ships

Trojan War

ARINI (Ancient city) ILIA
Arene participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.591, 11.723).


Idas & Marpessa

He was the son of Aphareus, brother of Lynceus and father of Cleopatra by Marpessa, who was the daughter of Evenus (Il. 9.557-8, also see Paus. 4,2,7).

Idas, a son of Aphareus and Arene, the daughter of Oebalus, whence he and his brother Lynceus are called Apharetides, or Aphareidae. He was married to Marpessa, and became by her the father of Cleopatra or Alcyone (Hom. Il. ix. 556. &c.; Apollod. iii. 10.3; Eustath. ad Hom.). His mother is also called Polydora, Laocoosa, or Arne (Theocrit. xxii. 206; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 151; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 511). His daughter was called Alcyone, because Marpessa was once carried off by Apollo, and lamented over the separation from her beloved husband, as Alcyon had once wept about Ceyx (Hom. Il. ix. 561; Paus. iv. 2.5). Idas carried off Marpessa, the daughter of Evenus, for whose hand Apollo also was suing, and was assisted by Poseidon, who gave him a winged chariot. Evenus, who pursued him, could not overtake him, but Apollo found him in Messene, and took the maiden from him. The two lovers fought for her possession, but Zeus separated them, and left the decision with Marpessa, who chose Idas, from feat lest Apollo should desert her if she grew old (Apollod. i. 7.8, &c.; Hom. Il. l. c.). The two brothers, Idas and Lynceus, also took part in the Calydonian hunt (Apollod. i. 8. 2; Ov. Met. viii. 305), and in the expedition of the Argonauts (Apollod. i. 9.16; Apollon. Rhod. i. 151, &c.; Orph. Argon. 178). In the latter expedition Idas killed the boar which had destroyed Idmon in the kingdom of Lycus (Hygin. Fab. 14), but when he attempted to deprive Teuthras, king of Mysia, of his kingdom, he was conquered by Telephus and Parthenopaeus (Hygin. Fab. 100). The most celebrated part of the story of the Apharetidae is their fight with the Dioscuri, with whom they had grown up from their childhood. Once, so the story runs, the Aphareidae and Dioscuri conjointly carried off some herds from Arcadia, and Idas was requested to divide the booty into equal parts. He thereupon divided a bull into four parts, declaring that he who should have eaten his quarter first should have half the booty, and the one who should finish his next should have the other half. Idas himself not only devoured his own quarter, but also that of his brother, and then drove away the whole herd into Messenia. The Dioscuri, however. dissatisfied with this mode of proceeding, marched into Messenia, carried off the Arcadian oxen, together with much other booty made in Messenia, and lay in ambush in a hollow oak tree to wait for Idas and Lynceus. The latter, whose eves were so keen that he could see through every thing, discovered Castor through the trunk of the oak, and pointed him out to Idas, who killed him. Polydeuces, in order to avenge his brother, pursued them and ran Lynceus through with his spear. Idas, in return, struck Polydeuces with a stone so violently, that he fell and fainted; whereupon Zeus slew Idas with a flash of lightning. (Apollod. iii. 11. 2; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 511, 549; Ov. Fast. v. 700, &c.) This fight between the Aphareidae and the Dioscuri, which is placed by some writers in Messenia, by others in Laconia, and by Ovid in the neighbourhood of Aphidna, is related, with sundry variations, by Theocritus (xxii. 137, &c.), Pindar (Nem. x. 60, &c.; comp. Paus. iv. 2.4, 13.1), and Hyginus (Fab. 80). The tomb of the Aphareidae was shown at Sparta as late as the time of Pausanias (iii. 13.1), who, however, thinks that in reality they had been buried in Messenia, where the fight had taken place. They were represented in a painting, together with their father Aphareus, in a temple at Messene. (Paus. iv. 31,9). Idas alone was represented on the chest of Cypselus in the act of leading Marpessa out of the temple of Apollo, who had carried her off. (Paus. v. 18.1)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Jan 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


The son of Aphareus, was among the hunters of the Caledonian boar, and was also one of the Argonauts. According to the old legend, he was so sharp-sighted as to have been able to see through the earth, and also to distinguish objects at the distance of many miles. He was slain by Pollux. (See Dioscuri.)

Idas and Lynceus (Lunkeus). The sons of Aphareus of Messenia and of Arene; two brothers as heroic and inseparable as their cousins Castor and Pollux (Polydeuces). The nymph Marpessa, daughter of the Acarnanian river-god Euenus, was wooed by Apollo, when Idas carried her off in a winged chariot given him by Poseidon. When Apollo overtook the fugitives in Messenia, Idas, who was then the strongest of living men ( Hom. Il.ix. 556), stretched his bow against Apollo. Zeus interposed and gave the girl her choice of suitors; she decided in favour of the mortal, as she feared that Apollo would desert her. After that the god detested her; and both she and her beautiful daughter Cleopatra or Alcyone, wife of Meleager, and also their daughter, all died young, and brought misfortune on those that loved them. Idas and Lynceus, who could see even into the heart of the earth, joined in the Calydonian hunt and the Argonautic expedition. They met their deaths fighting Castor and Pollux, with whom they had been brought up. As they were all returning from a raid into Arcadia, Idas was appointed to divide the cattle they had captured; he divided an ox into four portions and decided that whosoever devoured his portion first was to have the first half of the spoil, and he who finished his next, the second half. He finished his own and his brother's share first, and then drove the cattle away. The Dioscuri were enraged and hid themselves from the brothers in a hollow oak-tree; but the keen sight of Lynceus detected their lurking-place, and Idas stabbed Castor in the tree. Thereupon Pollux pierced Lynceus through, while Idas was slain by the lightning of Zeus. For another account of the origin of the quarrel, see Dioscuri at ancient Amyclae.

This text is cited Jan 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



She was the daughter of Idas and Marpessa and wife of Meleager, that her parents called her Halcyone, because the lamentations of her mother for the abduction of Cleopatra by Apollo reminded of the grieved singing of the bird halcyon (= kingfisher) (Il. 9.556).

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