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Listed 20 sub titles with search on: Homeric world  for wider area of: "THRAKI Ancient country BALKANS" .

Homeric world (20)



THRAKI (Ancient country) BALKANS
Homer cites Thracian countries, such as Pieria and Emathia (Il. 14.227), tribes, such as the Paeonians and the Cicones, the river Axius (Il. 2.844 etc.) and the mountains Olympus and Athos (Il. 14.225 etc.). The poet calls Thrace "deep-soiled" and "mother of flocks" (Il. 11.222). He also mentions that the North Wind and the West Wind blow from Thrace (Il. 9.5) and that there are "snowy mountains" (Il. 14.227).
Thracian cities: 1. Sestus, 2. Ismarus, 3. Aenus, 4. Aesyme, 5. Cabesus.



Father of Acamas (Il. 6.8).



Son of Eioneus and king of the Thracian, who participated in the Trojan War (Il. 10.435).

   Rhesus. Son of king Eioneus in Thrace. He marched to the assistance of the Trojans in their war with the Greeks. An oracle had declared that Troy would never be taken if the snow-white horses of Rhesus should once drink the water of the Xanthus and feed upon the grass of the Trojan plain. But as soon as Rhesus had reached the Trojan territory, and had pitched his tents late at night, Odysseus and Diomedes penetrated into his camp, slew Rhesus himself, and carried off his horses. The story is the subject of a play ascribed to Euripides, but regarded by many as not genuine.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Rhesus: Perseus Encyclopedia

Editor’s Information:
About Rhesus, Euripides wrote the homonymous tragedy, of which the e-text(s) is (are) found in Greece (ancient country) under the category Ancient Greek Writings.


King of Thrace, who nurtured Iphidamas, son of his daughter Theano, wife of Antenor (Il. 11.223).

Kisseus. A king in Thrace, and father of Theano , or, according to others, of Hecuba, who is hence called Cisseis (Kisseis).


Zephyrus & Chloris

The personification of the west wind. Zephyrus became the father of Xanthus and Balius, which were the horses of Achilles, by the Harpy Podarge (Il. 9.5, 16.150, 23.200).

Zephuros. The personification of the west wind, described by Hesiod as a son of Astraeus and Eos. Zephyrus and Boreas are frequently mentioned together by Homer, and both dwelt together in a palace in Thrace. By the Harpy Podarge, Zephyrus became the father of the horses Xanthus and Balius, which belonged to Achilles; but he was married to Chloris, whom he had carried off by force, and by whom he had a son, Carpus.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Chloris, the wife of Zephyrus, and the goddess of flowers, so that she is identical with the Roman Flora. (Ov. Fast. v. 195.) There are two more mythical personages of the name of Chloris. (Hygin. Fab. 14; Anton. Lib. 9.)

Remarkable selections


ODRYSAE (Ancient country) BALKANS
Thamyris (Thamuris), an ancient Thracian hard, was a son of Philammon and the nymph Argiope. He went so far in his conceit as to think that he could surpass the Muses in song ; in consequence of which he was deprived of his sight and of the power of singing (Hom. Il. ii. 595, &c.; Apollod. i. 3.3; Paus. iv. 33.4. x. 7. § 2; Eurip. Rhes. 925). He was represented with a broken lyre in his hand. (Paus. ix. 30.2)

Trojan Allies


THRAKI (Ancient country) BALKANS
The inhabitants of Thrace. They participated in the Trojan War on the side of the Trojans (Il. 2.595 & 844, 4.519 & 533, 14.227, 24.234 etc.).

Trojan heroes of the Trojan War and their allies


He was the charioteer of Rhigmus from Thrace and was slain by Achilles (Il. 20.487).


A relative and ally of the king Rhesus (Il. 10.518).


He was the son of Antenor and Theano, grandson of Cisseus, king of Thrace, who nurtured him, and participated in the war of Troy on the side of the Trojans. He was slain by Agamemnon (Il. 11.221 etc.).


Rhigmus, son of Peires, was a Thracian ally of the Trojans (Il. 20.485).

Trojan leaders in the War


Acamas. A son of Eussorus, was one of the leaders of the Thracians in the Trojan war (Hom. Il. ii. 844, v. 462), and was slain by the Telamonian Ajax. (Il. vi, 8.)

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