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Listed 4 sub titles with search on: Biographies  for wider area of: "PLATEES Ancient city VIOTIA" .

Biographies (4)



PLATEES (Ancient city) VIOTIA
Arimnestus (Arimnestos), the commander of the Plataeans at the battles of Marathon and Plataea. (Paus. ix. 4.1; Herod. ix. 72; Plut. Arist. c. 11). The Spartan who killed Mardonius is called by Plutarch Arimnestus, but by Herodotus Aeimestus.



Daemachus or Deimachus (Daimachos or Deimachos), of Plataeae, a Greek historian, whose age is determined by the fact, that he was sent as ambassador to Allitrochades, the son of Androcottus or Sandrocottus, king of India (Strab. ii.), and Androcottus reigned at the time when Seleucus was laying the foundation of the subsequent greatness of his empire, about B. C. 312. (Justin. xv. 4.) This fact at once shews the impossibility of what Casaubon (ad Diog. Laert. i. 1) endeavoured to prove, that the historian Ephorus had stolen whole passages from Daimachus's work, since Ephorus lived and wrote before Daimachus. The latter wrote a work on India, which consisted of at least two books. He had probably acquired or at least increased his knowledge of those eastern countries during his embassy; but Strabo nevertheless places him at the head of those who had circulated false and fabulous accounts about India. (Comp. Athen. ix.; Harpocrat. s. v. engutheke; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 558.) We have also mention of a very extensive work on sieges (poliorketika hupomnemata) by one Daimachus, who is probably the same as the author of the Indica. If the reading in Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v. Lakedaimon) is correct, the work on sieges consisted of at least 35 (le) books. (Comp. Eustath. ad Hom. Il. ii. 581.) The work on India is lost, but the one on sieges may possibly be still concealed somewhere, for Magius (in Gruter's Fax Artium) states, that he saw a MS. of it. It may be that our Daimachus is the same as the one quoted by Plutarch (Comparat. Solon. cum Publ. 4) as an authority on the military exploits of Solon. In another passage of Plutarch (Lysand. 12) one Laimachus (according to the common reading) is mentioned as the author of a work peri eusebeias, and modern critics have changed the name Laimachus into Daimachus, and consider him to be the same as the historian. In like manner it has been proposed in Diogenes Laertius (i. 30) to read Daimachos ho Plataieus instead of Daidachos ho Platonikos, but these are only conjectural emendations.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Men in the armed forces


Eupompidas, son of Daimachus, one of the commanders in Plataea during its siege by the Lacedaemonians, B. C. 429-8. He with Theaenetus, a prophet, in the winter following this second year, devised the celebrated plan for passing the lines of circumvallation, which, originally intended for the whole number of the besieged, was in the end successfully executed by 212 of them, under the guidance of the same two leaders. (Thuc. iii. 20-23.)

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Aeimnestus (Aeimnestos), a Spartan, who killed Mardonius in the battle of Plataea, B. C. 479, and afterwards fell himself in the Messenian war. (Herod. ix. 64.) The Spartan who killed Mardonius, Plutarch (Arist. 19) calls Arimnestus (Arimnestos).

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