The Archaeological Museum of Syros, founded in 1835, is one of the oldest in Greece.
Since 1899 it is housed in the
Ermoupolis Town Hall,
a neoclassical building designed by Ernst Ziller.
The museum includes the following collections:
Prehistoric finds from the fortified settlement at Kastri and the cemetery at Chalandriani, dated to the Early Bronze Age (3rd millenium BC).
Finds from the ancient city of Syros and other sites of the Cyclades.
Among the most important exhibits are:
- "Depas amphikypellon".
Two-handled cup (height: 0.145 m.) from the settlement at Kastri, imitating similar vases found in the northeast Aegean. Dated to the end of the 3rd millenium BC. Inv. no. 458.
- Pyxis from the cemetery of Chalandriani. Squat vase with two double vertical tubular lugs and a round lid (height: 0.07 m.). Its surface is covered with white slip and is decorated
with black hatched triangles. Dated to the second half of the 3rd millenium BC. Inv. no. 177.
- Marble Cycladic figurine representing a female figure (height: 0.35 m.). It was found at the cemetery of Chalandriani and dates to the second half of the 3rd millenium BC. Inv. no. 356.
- Cycladic "frying-pan" from the cemetery of Chalandriani. The surface is covered with incised spirals and impressed triangles (diam. 0.20 m.). Dated to the second half of the 3rd millenium
BC. Inv. no. 152.
- Funerary stele crowned with a palmette and bearing the inscription "Timagenes Dionysos". It was found at the cemetery of the ancient city of Syros and dates from the end of the 4th century AD.
Preserved height: 0.88 m., width: 0.51 m. Inv. no. 330.
- Headless torso of Poseidon from the ancient city of Syros. Preserved height: 0.41 m. Inv. no. 683.
- Egyptian statuette of priest Anchapis. It is made of black granite (height: 0.43 m.) and dates from the 22nd dynasty (ca. 730 BC). Inv. no. 145.