Library in Athens served as a model for the structure of the
monument's facade which consists of a central part immensely enriched by decorative
elements, a Corinthian-style column row and two lateral parts of a typical neo-classical
composition. The influence from Renaiscence buildings is more than evident. The
National Theater was built between 1895 and 1901 in plans made by the German
architect Hernest Ziller. It served as the official royal theater for the King's
invitees until 1908 when it was given for public use. In 1924 it was renamed and
from "Royal Theater" was thereafter called "National Theater."
The original internal installations for the stage facilities, the lighting and
heating were among the most sophisticated of the kind for their times, designed
by Viennese mechanics and constructed in Pireus' factories.
The capital for the construction of the building was almost entirely
donated by Stephanos Rallis, a prominent Greek from London, as well as by other
members of the Greek community there, like Korialenes and Eugenides. Donations
were also given by the Public Endowment Fund, and other sources following various
initiatives of King George I.
In 1970 a study by the architect M. Perrakis, for the transformation
of an experimental convertible theater, was conducted and apllied.
Inside the building there have been restorations and the stage installations
have been modernized. The facets were also restored and the "New Stage"
was remodeled. By a ministerial decree of 1952, the building was identified as
"in need of special protection" according to the relevant 1950 Law.
The "Central Stage" of the National Theater and the "New Stage"
are currently functioning in the building.