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Rotunda

Last Update: Nov 2013
Byzantine & Post-Byzantine Monuments, Cultural heritage, Archaeological site THESSALONIKI , GREECE
Agiou Georgiou Square, THESSALONIKI , GREECE
Fax: +30 2310 245309
Social networks: + Add
Opening hours:
01Jun - 31Oct Tue-Sun, 0800-1500
01Nov - 31May Tue-Fri, 0800-1700
01Nov - 31May Sat-Sun, 0800-1500

Rotunda - Photo Gallery

Rotunda - Overview

   The monument is a circular building with a hemispherical dome and eight large rectangular recesses in the cylindrical wall. In the first phase of the building (Roman period) the entrance was placed in the south recess. In the second, Christian phase, a second entrance was opened in the west recess and the holy bema was added to the east. To this phase also belong the preserved fragments of the mosaics in the vaults of the three recesses and the lower section of the dome, as well as the wall painting of the Ascension in the apse of the sanctuary.
   The monument was built by Galerius Ceasar in ca. 300 A.D. In the late 4th century A.D. it was converted into a Christian church and it was decorated with mosaics. In 1590-91 it was converted into a mosque and after the liberation of the city in 1912, it was again given over to Christian worship for a short period of time; by governmental decree it was decided that the monument should function as the Byzantine Museum of Thessaloniki. Until the earthquake of 1978 it housed collections of Christian sculpture.
   A systematic investigation of the floor was conducted in 1952 and much later, in 1974, the area of the south propylon was excavated. After the earthquake in 1978, excavation trenches were opened both on the interior and in the precinct of the church. After 1978, extensive consolidation and restoration work was carried out for the masonry and the pictorial decoration of the walls. The building is now completely restored. The restoration of the wall paintings and the mosaics is still in progress.

Rotunda - Map

Executives & Departments

  • Archaeological service:, Tel.: 2310 968860, 2313 310400, Fax: 2310 968869, 2310 247106, Email:  
    9th Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities, Thessaloniki

Principals / HQ / participations...

Activities / facilities / services / specialization

Archaeological site

Art & culture

Ancient monuments • Buildings / Roman period, 31 BC-AD 324
Byzantine & Post-Byzantine Monuments

Art & culture

Cultural Heritage • World Heritage Monument (UNESCO)
Visiting Information • Free admission • Fixed hours
On site monuments • Churches / Byzantine period, AD 324-1453 • Frescoes • Mosaics / Byzantine period, AD 324-1453

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