The Museum is housed in a newly constructed building at the centre of the
contemporary city of Pythagoreion, the location of the ancient city of Samos. The exhibition
of the archaeological material from the area, classified chronologically and thematically,
illuminates aspects of the historical and cultural evolution of ancient Samos from the Neolithic
period (4th millennium BC) to late antiquity (7th cent. AD).
The Museum collections include finds from the Neolithic settlement of Kastro
and the Geometric necropolis of Samos, pottery spanning from the 9th until the 2nd centuries
BC, as well as an important group of Archaic and Roman sculptures.
Among the most important exhibits of the museum are:
Marble statue of seated Aiakes, father of the tyrant of Samos Polycrates. According
to the preserved inscription, it was dedicated to Hera by Aiakes, as a tithe of the wealth
he acquired by piracy. It was found at the Pythagoreion and dates from ca. 540 BC.
Marble temple-like sarcophagus of monumental size, dated to the second half of the 6th century BC.
Limestone grave stele crowned with a palmette. It bears the iscription "Diagoras of Delos". Dated to 530 BC.
Marble grave stele crowned with a palmette. It was found at Chora and dates from 500/490 BC.
Marble over-life-size statue of the Roman emperor Trajan (height 2.71 m).
Marble busts of the Roman emperors Augustus and Claudius.
Hoard of 300 Byzantine coins from Megali Laka. Dated to the 7th century AD.