Then comes the Haemus Mountain, which reaches the sea here; then Mesembria, a colony of the Megarians, formerly called “Menebria” (that is, “city of Menas,” because the name of its founder was Menas, while "bria" is the word for "city" in the Thracian language.
A town on the Thracian coast of the Aegean
The archaeological site is located on the mouth of the stream, which was formerly called Sapli-Dere. In the area, there is a valley bounded by Ismaros and the country of Maronia to the W, by Mt. Zonaia to the E and by the "Korpiles Strait" to the N.
The excavation of this area showed us that originally on this position used to be an early iron-age settlement that was inhabited by Thracians. At the end of the 7th BC century settlers from Samothraki founded a town that was called Parea. The new settlers lived in harmony with the Thracians till the 1st AC century, where the area was abandoned.
A celebrated town of Thrace on the Pontus Euxinus, and at the foot of Mount Haemus, founded by the inhabitants of Chalcedon and Byzantium in the time of Darius Hystaspis, and hence called a colony of Megara, since those two towns were founded by the Megarians.
(following URL information only in Greek)
Dor. Mesambria: Eth. Mesembrianos. An important Greek city in Thrace, situated on the coast of the Euxine and at the foot of Mt. Haemus (Scymn. Ch. 738); consequently upon the confines of Moesia, in which it is placed by Ptolemy (iii. 10. § 8). Strabo (vii. p. 319) relates that it was a colony of the Megarians, and that it was originally called Menebria (Menebria) after its founder Menas ; Stephanus B. (s. v.) says that its original name was Melsembria (Melsembria), from its founder Melsas; and both writers state that the termination -bria was the Thracian word for town. According to the Anonymous Periplus of the Euxine Mesembria was founded by Chalcedonians at the time of the expedition of Darius against Scythia; but according to Herodotus (vi. 33) it was founded a little later, after the suppression of the Ionic revolt, by Byzantine and Chalcedonian fugitives. These statements may, however, be reconciled by supposing that the Thracian. town was originally colonized by Megarians, and afterwards received additional colonists from Byzantiurn and Chalcedon. Mesembria was one of the cities, forming the Greek Pentapolis on the Euxine, the other four being Odessus, Tomi, Istriani and Apolloniatae. Mesembria is rarely mentioned in history, but it continued to exist till a late period. (Mela, ii. 2; Plin. iv. 11. s. 18 ; Ptol. I. c.; Tab. Peut.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Perseus Coin Catalog
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