Archaeological sites MAKEDONIA EAST & THRACE (Region) GREECE - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 53 sub titles with search on: Archaeological sites  for wider area of: "MAKEDONIA EAST & THRACE Region GREECE" .


Archaeological sites (53)

Ancient acropoles

Polystylon (Abdera)

AVDIRA (Ancient city) XANTHI

KILA (Settlement) ALEXANDROUPOLI
To the north of Feres (at the abandoned village Koila) a castled position from the post- bronze ages and the early iron ages were discovered.

Megalithic prehistoric monuments

NIPSA (Village) ALEXANDROUPOLI
At the surroundings of the community of Nipsa, which is located 20-km northeast of Alexandroupoli, recently a number of prehistoric megalithic monuments from the early Iron Age were discovered.
This area is part of a Thracian tribe named Kekones this tribe was known even to Homer and Herodutus.
Not far away to the northwest of the village an Acropolis (citadel) was found with ceramics from the 9th- 8th century BC this Acropolis was controlling the paths of Rodopis in-land. A carved tomb was also found at the northwestern part of the yard. At the position, which is to the west of Nipsa and is called 'Dremos' carved solar symbols, three level altar, a holly sacrificial rock and many carved cavities that present stellar formations were found.
Around of the villages’ area to the northwest, you can see geometric and anthropomorphic designs carved on rocks. All the megalithic monuments are to found in the wooded area around the village and according to the opinion of the scientist the place used to by a 'holly forest'. According to Homer the oracle of the Kekones, Maronas lived in this forest.

This text is cited Mar 2003 from the Development Company of Alexandroupolis URL below, which contains images.


The acropolis of Platania

PLATANIA (Village) DRAMA

Prehistoric Acropolis (1200-900 B.C.)

XYLAGANI (Small town) KOMOTINI
The Acropolis is found on the Kremastos Vrachos hill (Assar-Tepe).

Ancient fortresses

Castle of Aerikon

MYRTOUSSA (Settlement) XANTHI
The Kastro hill (formelry called Kales, h. 614 m) is located to the west of the Nestos river, 800m to the west of the ruins of the village of Aerikon (Drenova) and 3km to the NE of the village of Myrtoussa. The castle on the hill dates to the beginning of the 3rd cent. B.C.

Ancient harbours

Ancient sanctuaries

Sanctuary

ALYKI (Settlement) THASSOS

Thracian sanctuary

ESSYMI (Village) ALEXANDROUPOLI
Between Avandas and the next village that is called Eseme another hill is rising, in this area the hill is named Monastere or after the Turkish Chepel- Kagia. On the hills’ very difficult to reach top a Thracian sanctuary was discovered, the life span of it is starting from the prehistoric ages till the Hellenistic and Byzantine ages. In the yard of this sanctuary you can find chiseled constructions, like a temple, sinks, stairs, solar discs etc.

This extract is cited Mar 2003 from the Development Company of Alexandroupolis URL below.


Sanctuary of Dionysus

KALI VRYSSI (Village) DRAMA

Sanctuary of Artemis

XIROPOTAMOS (Village) SAMOTHRAKI

Ancient settlements

AMORI (Village) DIDYMOTICHO
In the location called "tou barba e vryssi" (= "the old man 's fountain") and situated 1 km to the north of the village Amorion, there are remains of an ancient settlement dating to the roman and byzantine period. Also, in the around area a statue of the goddess Artemis was found, which is now exhibited in the museum of Kavala.

A Thracian settlement

KAVISSOS (Ancient city) ALEXANDROUPOLI
In a settlement 2-km outside of Feres called Kavisos, on a hill known in the area as Makrelofos a Thracian settlement from the early iron ages and just under the hill a post-roman settlement were discovered.

"Petres" or "Vouno" or "Tes tepe"

MELISSA (Village) XANTHI
At the location "Petres" or "Vouno" or "Tes tepe", which is situated to the east and near to the village of Melissa, there is a neolithic settlement (5th millenium B.C.) and, also, one of the installations of Greek colonists at the territory of Avdera (4th cent. B.C.).

"Laspodes"

At the location "Laspodes", in a 1-1.5km distance to the south of the village of Melissa, there are remains dating to the Hellenistic times.

Galazia Koryfi hill

NEA AMISSOS (Village) XANTHI
On this hill, which is located 350m to the NW of the Nea Amissos village, there were found an installation and a small settlement dating to the classical and hellenistic times.

Remnants of an unfortified settlement

PATERMA (Village) RODOPI

Mausoleum

TOXOTES (Small town) XANTHI
At this site, located to the S-SW of the village of Toxotes near to the Nestos River, are remnants of a Thracian settlement dating to the early Iron Age and historic times.

Ancient theatres

Ancient Theatre of Thassos

THASSOS (Ancient city) THASSOS

Ancient tombs

ASKITES (Village) KOMOTINI
At the Karga dere location, which is to the N of the Ismaros Mountain and 7km to the NE of Maroneia, are graves carved into the rocks dating possibly to the Early Christian era.

Macedonian tomb

DRAMA (Town) MAKEDONIA EAST & THRACE
At Troia Street is a Macedonian grave with two chambers and a dromos dating to the Hellenistic times.

Macedonian Tomb at Elaphochorion

ELAFOCHORI (Village) DIDYMOTICHO
The tomb was built of stone ashlar blocks, at the end of the 4th or the beginning of the 3rd century B.C. It has a dromos, an antechamber and chamber, the latter two having floors lined with stone slabs. A cist-shaped funerary couch is preserved inside the burial chamber and a cist-grave has been found under the floor.

This text is cited Feb 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below.


Megalithic tomb at Roussa

ROUSSA (Village) DIDYMOTICHO
Megalithic dolmen built of five large stone slabs. The typical opening of such dolmens is preserved on one of the narrow sides.
These tombs usually contained the remains of cremations or large vases with the ash of the dead, along with the grave offerings.The monument is dated to the 9th century B.C.

This text is cited Feb 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below, which also contains image.


Macedonian Tomb

STAVROUPOLIS (Small town) XANTHI
The tomb, originally covered by a tumulus, was constructed in 200-150 B.C. It was known to the villagers for quite a long time but the first visit of an archaeologist to the site did not occur before 1950. Unfortunately, the tomb had already been plundered, unkown exactly when.
The tomb is built of marble ashlar blocks and has a dromos, an antechamber and chamber, both covered with vaulted roofs. Two marble funerary couches are preserved in the burial chamber, with marble double bolsters at either end. The legs of the couches bear painted decoration. The entrance to the burial chamber had a double door made of marble.
Ch. Macaronas excavated the site in two campaigns: a restricted trial excavation took place in 1951, and a more systematic one in 1953. Consolidation work was carried out in 1978. The area of the tumulus has been fenced by the 19th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities and the site is now open to the public.

This text is cited Feb 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below, which also contains images.


Macedonian Tomb

SYMVOLA (Village) KOMOTINI
The tomb is a variation of the Macedonian, subterranean, built type. It has a dromos, an antechamber and chamber, and is built of soft poros ashlar blocks. The walls are covered with coloured stucco. Two funerary couches forming a right angle are preserved inside the burial chamber. The excavations of the monument begun in 1976 and were completed in the years 1984-1987.

This text is cited Feb 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below, which also contains image.


Ancient towers

Ancient towns

Abdera

AVDIRA (Ancient city) XANTHI

FILIPPI (Ancient city) KAVALA

Philippi: the results of a geophysical survey

Ancient walls

ARSAKIO (Village) RODOPI
At a distance of nearly 2km to the S of this village stands a rectangular fortification wall with circular towers. Its construction probably dates to the late ancient times or early-Byzantine period.

Bouleuterion

Bouleuterion

THASSOS (Ancient city) THASSOS
Rectangular building dating from the early 3rd century BC. A partially preserved inscription found on an architectural fragment from the superstructure, attributed the establisment of the building to Thersilohos.
In the middle of the north side, a doric portico marked the entrance to the auditorium. Sixteen ionic columns, arranged in a square around the middle of the room, supported the roof, which had an opening for ventilation and light. On three sides, wooden benches along the base of the wall were provided for seating.
Today only the foundation, a few column bases, and parts of the superstructure survive.

This text is cited Feb 2003 from the Foundation of the Hellenic World URL below, which contains image.


Caves

The cave of Maronia

MARONIA (Ancient city) RODOPI

Excavations

By D. Lazarides

AVDIRA (Ancient city) XANTHI
Bibliography: Abdera & Dikaia. D.Lazarides. 1971 Athens

By D. Lazarides

DIKEA (Ancient city) AVDIRA
Bibliography: Abdera & Dikaia. D.Lazarides. 1971 Athens

Excavations at Arkadiko quarter of the city

DRAMA (Town) MAKEDONIA EAST & THRACE
Photo Album in URL, information in Greek only.

A Sacred Congregation

ISMAROS (Ancient city) RODOPI
By David Turner (the site may be Homer's city of Ismaros)

Swedish Institute at Athens

PARADISSOS (Village) KAVALA
Paradeisos in Aegean Thrace
  The site was excavated for one month in 1976. It has an important strategic position on the right bank of the river Nestos (see map). Nestos today forms the border between eastern Macedonia and Thrace. Surface finds had indicated that the periods represented at the site were the Late Neolithic and Bronze Ages. The 1.7 m deep stratigraphical sequence belongs to the Late Neolithic period, however. Graphite painted pottery dominates.
  Both the archaeological finds and the radicarbon dates demonstrate that the site is contemporary with Sitagroi III: radicarbon dates 4995?5825 b.p. or the 5th millennium BC.
  The results were published as Hellstrom, P., Johnson, J., Larje, R., Reese, D. & Blennow, M.-L., Paradeisos. A Late Neolithic Settlement in Aegean Thrace (ed. by P. Hellstrom). (Medelhavsmuseet Memoir 7). Stockholm 1987. ISBN 91-7192-677-1.

Pontus Hellstrom
This text is cited Jun 2005 from The Swedish Institute at Athens URL below

Mines

Ancient quarries

ALYKI (Settlement) THASSOS
They were in use from the 6th c. B.C. till the 6th c. A.D.

Neolithic settlements

Agios Athanassios

AVDIRA (Small town) XANTHI
Ceramics from the settlement of Neolithic age till Early Iron age on the height of Agios Athanassios.

Archaeological Site of Makre

MAKRI (Small town) ALEXANDROUPOLI
Tel: +30 25510 71219
  The first habitation of the site dates from the Neolithic period (5000 B.C.) and is attested in the area of the cave. The accumulated debris of the successive clay buildings of the prehistoric periods, gradually created a low mound (Toumba). In ca. 1000 B.C. a small settlement was established on the site by the Thracians and later, Greek colonists of the 7th century B.C. founded a small trading post of which the refuse pits are preserved, full of amphoras. In the Roman period, a strong retaining wall was constructed and during the Byzantine era, the site was used as a cemetery.
  The site was discovered during the First World War. George Bakalakis was the first archaeologist to visit the place and he identified it as the ancient city of Zone and cape Serreion. Excavations on the site were first carried out in 1988 by the 19th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities and are still in progress. The Neolithic settlement which has come to light is one of the most important in the Balkans. The excavation results also prooved that the ancient settlement was simply a trading post and not the city of Zone, while cape Serreion can now be securely placed at the end of Ismaros.

  The most important monuments on the site are:
• Neolithic settlement.
  It consisted of post-hole structures of which the floors, pise walls, ovens, hearths etc. are preserved.
• Trading post of the Classical and Roman periods.
  Two pits, the fortification wall and houses are preserved.
• The "Cyclops cave".
  Small cave with two chambers.
• Rock-cut structures.
  Still visible today are stairways, niches, cisterns and an observation post.

PARADIMI (Village) KOMOTINI
The neolithic settlement at Pardimi is considered to be the most important one in Thrace and one of the most well-known in SE Balkans.

Excavation at Sitagroi: A Prehistoric Village

SITAGRI (Village) DRAMA

Official pages

Ancient wine presses

MARONIA (Ancient city) RODOPI

Perseus Site Catalog

Abdera

AVDIRA (Ancient city) XANTHI
Region: Thrace
Periods: Archaic, Classical, Roman, Byzantine, Geometric
Type: Fortified city
Summary: A coastal city on Cape Bulustra, E of Kavalla.

Physical Description:
  
The city had two harbors, the larger one protected by a mole and city fortification walls. The walls extended ca. 5.5 km and enclosed a city designed on the Hippodamian grid system in the 4th century B.C. Houses of the Hellenistic and Roman period survive, as do the theater, Roman baths and a terracotta figurine workshop. Byzantine fortifications have obscured earlier remains on the acropolis.
Description:
   Traditionally founded by Herakles, Abdera was in fact a 7th century B.C. colony of Klazomenai which was reestablished in the 6th century by Ionians refugees from Teos. It fell under Persian control in 490 B.C. and later became a member of the Delian League. Philip II conquered the city in ca. 350 B.C. and in 196 B.C. Rome declared it a free city. The city suffered two major destructions: in 376 B.C. at the hands of the Thracian tribe of the Triballi and in 170 B.C. by a Roman force. Abdera was famed for the beauty of its coinage and as the birthplace of Democritus and Protagoras. Although occupied into the Byzantine period it had lost all political importance during the Roman Imperial period.
Exploration:
   
Excavations began 1950 by D. Lazarides for the Greek Archaeological Service.

Donald R. Keller, ed.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 15 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Samothrace

SAMOTHRAKI (Ancient city) EVROS
Region: Sporades
Periods: Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman
Type: Sanctuary
Summary: Major sanctuary in the North Aegean region, located on the island of Samothrace.

Physical Description:
   
The Sanctuary of the Great Gods is located half a kilometer inland from the N coast of Samothrace and just W of the city that the Greek colonists fortified in the Archaic period. The sanctuary occupied a ridge between two streams in the Archaic and Classical periods and expanded W to an adjacent ridge by the end of the Hellenistic period. Structures on the E ridge centered around the original pre-Greek cult features and included: the Arsinoeion (the largest rotunda of ancient Greece), that sheltered the earliest rock altar of the sanctuary; the Anaktoron which served as a hall for the first initiation into the Mysteries; the Hieron where the higher initiation ceremonies were performed; the Hall of Votive Gifts, and the Altar Court. Later structures to the W included a large stoa, the theater, and the Nike Fountainhouse.
Description:
   
When the Aeolian Greeks colonized the island of Samothrace at ca. 700 B.C., they adopted and Hellenized the existing cults and the religious center W of their new city. The original rock altar of the Mother Goddess and other features and elements of the fertility and mystery cults were encorporated into the enlarged sanctuary and the Thracian language continued to be used in religious rituals up to the 1st century B.C. In the 6th century B.C. the political power of Samothrace reached its peak, but it was in the 5th century, when the island was subject to the Delian League, that the Sanctuary of the Great Gods began to grow in international repute. During the Hellenistic and Roman periods the sanctuary grew to its largest extent and became the chief religious site in the N Aegean region. The fame of the cult of the Mysteries at Samothrace was surpassed only by that at Eleusis. In the 3rd century B.C. the first marble structures were added to the site and during the 3rd and 2nd centuries B.C. the Arsinoeion rotunda, the Ptolemaion Gateway, and the theater were constructed as the area of the sanctuary was extended to the W. In 84 B.C. the sanctuary was plundered by pirates, but it was restored with Roman aid. The cults continued to function, but after an earthquake in A.D. 200 the sanctuary began to decline. Cult activity was halted in the late 4th century A.D. and the final destruction occurred with an earthquake in the 6th century A.D.
Exploration:
   
G. Deville and E. Coquart excavated in 1866. Excavations by the Austrians Conze and Hauser in 1873 and Niemann and Benndorf in 1875. The French School excavated under Salac and Chapouthier in 1923-1927. Since 1938 (with a break during the war years) excavations have been conducted by New York University, directed by K. Lehmann until his death in 1960 and since then by P. Lehmann and James McCredie.

Donald R. Keller, ed.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 16 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Thasos

THASSOS (Ancient city) THASSOS
Region: Thrace
Periods: Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Modern
Type: Fortified city
Summary: Center of an island city-state.

Physical Description:
   
The city of Thasos (on the N coast of the island, opposite the mainland) had 2 ancient harbors, one of which was enclosed by the city's fortification system. The extant walls of Thasos date mainly to ca. 411 B.C., but rest on earlier foundations of walls demolished first by order of the Persians (491 B.C.), and again by order of the Athenians (463 B.C.). Several of the extant city gates, however, date to the earlier Archaic circuit. Within the ca. 4 km long walls of the city are a number of sanctuaries (including those to Poseidon, Artemis, Herakles and Dionysos), residential and commercial buildings, and the agora in the lower town. The agora is located at the center of the city's shore line, with a gateway to the adjacent fortified harbor. The agora was surrounded by stoas and public buildings and contained many altars and small shrines. The city walls extend to the SW to enclose the 3 summits of the acropolis where individual sanctuaries to Apollo, Athena and Pan are located. In the Roman period an odeion, basilica and monumental arch were added. The Greek theater on the slope, along the E wall of the city was remodeled by the Romans to serve as an arena.
Description:
    The island of Thasos has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. According to tradition the island takes its name from Thasos, the leader of a group of Phoenician traders who were exploiting the gold mines of the island in the Early Iron Age when the island was inhabited by a Thracian tribe. Around 680 B.C. Ionian Greeks from Paros colonized the island. Thasos reached its greatest prosperity during the Archaic and early Classical period due to its position on the sea routes, its supply of timber and marble for export, and in particular its gold mines. The island submitted to the Persians in 491 and 480 B.C. In 477 Thasos joined the Athenian controlled Delian League. The island was unsuccessful in attempts to withdraw from Athenian dominance in 464 and 411 B.C. and in 377 B.C. it joined the 2nd Athenian League. In the Hellenistic and Roman periods Thasos had little political power, but remained prosperous.
Exploration:
   
Early topographical exploration by A. Conze in 1858 and J. Bent in 1886. In 1910 the French School began excavations at the ancient city which have continued, with interruptions until the present. Research outside the city includes: excavations at the sanctuary at Aliki by J. Bent in 1886 and by the French School in 1924 and 1961-1962; excavation at a cave near the sanctuary by A. Romiopoulou in 1962; and excavations at a necropolis at Theologos by the French School in 1925.

Donald R. Keller, ed.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 185 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Prehistoric settlements

Prehistoric settlement

SOTIRAS (Port) THASSOS

Workshops

Archaeological Site of Keramidaria

SAMOTHRAKI (Ancient city) EVROS
Tel: +30 25510 41474
Fax: +30 25510 41474

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