Listed 1 sub titles with search on: Archaeological sites
for destination: "ALIIS, ALIA
Archaeological sites (1)
Perseus Site Catalog
Periods: Archaic, Classical
Type: Fortified city
Summary: City of southern Argolid with Hippodamian city grid.
Halieis is located on the E shore of a naturally sheltered,
S-facing bay at the S tip of the Argive peninsula. Originally (in the 8th-7th
century B.C.) the acropolis and the small settlement at the shore had independent
fortification walls. Probably in the 5th century B.C. the town expanded to the
E and S up the slopes of the low acropolis hill, and the later city walls enclosed
those of the acropolis. In the Classical period the city had at least 4 gates
and the walls also enclosed a small fortified military harbor. The streets, houses
and workshops of the expanded city were organized on the Hippodamos grid system
and there was a separate industrial quarter SE and uphill from the town's center.
A Sanctuary of Apollo (now under water) is located ca 500 m NE of the town and
contains a temple, altar and stadium.
The earliest evidence for occupation at the site dates
to the Proto-Geometric period: by the 7th century B.C. there was a small fortified
settlement on the shore. Early in the 5th century B.C., refugees from Tiryns settled
at Halieis and the town expanded in size. During the Classical period Halieis
was a pawn in the endless Athens-Sparta conflict and suffered attacks from one
side and then the other. The site was abandoned near the end of the 4th century
B.C., although there was some minor reoccupation in the late Roman period.
Excavations in 1962 and 1965-1968 by the University of
Pennsylvania directed by M. Jameson and in 1970-1974 by Indiana University directed
by W. Rudolph.
Donald R. Keller, ed.
This text is cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains 11 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
Copyright 1999-2019 International Publications Ltd.