ELEA (Ancient city) THESPROTIA
Elea (today's Veliani-Chrysavgi) It identifies with the ruins of an ancient settlement south of Paramythia, east of Chrysavgi. It is about the most important settlement of Eleatida, that is the region between the Necromance and Paramythia, where the tribe of the Eleatean Thesprotoi lived. Fore some decades after its foundation (mid 4 century BC), it was the capital city of Thesprotia and the seat of the "Koino of Thesprotoi" (the Common of the Thesproteans). Its name is confirmed by ancient tradition, inscriptions of the 4 century BC and the coins of the Eleateans (360-340 BC). It is situated on a uphill plane, of an area of 105.000 m, at the top of a mountain of Korila, at an altitude of 460-525m. Its population inside the walls of the settlement totaled 3.000 people. The construction of the walls and the gate at the NE/E side, is monumental. The thickness of its wall is over 4,5m and its height is over 6m, even today. The settlement is crossed from NE to SW by a central arterial road which possibly ended up at the two main gates, the eastern and the south-western. On the left and on the right, there are rectangular buildings.
The construction of the walls and the gate at the NE/E side, is monumental. The thickness of its wall is over 4,5m and its height is over 6m, even today. The settlement is crossed from NE to SW by a central arterial road which possibly ended up at the two main gates, the eastern and the south-western. On the left and on the right, there are rectangular buildings. On the south of the main artery, in a wider rectangular area, framed by the excavated arcade, the theater and some other buildings, were used as a political market place. At the theater, a few seats and the ruins of the walls of the stage survive in place. The large diameter of the hollow was 45-50m, its height 8-9m and it had a capacity of 3/4.000 spectators. The excavations in Elea, which started in 1985, have revealed a an arcade of the Hellenistic era, west of the theater, semi-underground storage areas, a small temple and a very big public building.
This text is cited Jan 2003 from the Thesprotia Prefecture Tourism Promotional Committee URL below, which contains images.
TITANI (Ancient city) THESPROTIA
Titani or Gitani (today’s Goumani) Political center of the Thesproteans and second, in order of seniority, capital of Thesprotia. It is identified with the ruins of Goumani on the SW side of the mountain of Vrysella, at a distance of 1,5 km from the dam of Kalamas. It was fortified with a polygonal wall whose circuit was 2.400m and the surviving height of 2-3m. The walled area comes to 280.000m, while the buildings take up an area of 180.000m, at the relatively level southern section.
On the inside of the walls, the traces of some big roads and, in several cases, the low part of the walls of the buildings are visible. On the west, outside of the walls, there was a theater which had the capacity of 4/5.000 spectators. Its population, during its peak, is estimated to 6.000 people. A part of the walls on the eastern side, were swept away by Kalamas, while wide are the damages inside the settlement by the destructive underground activity of the waters of the river. The excavations began in 1969 at the acropolis, to continue from 1986 forth, in various mainly public buildings, at the settlement and recently, in 1997, at the theater, revealing a section of the center of the hollow, that is, the area where the spectators were seated, which survives in a better condition that the rest of the, in ruins, building.
This text is cited Jan 2003 from the Thesprotia Prefecture Tourism Promotional Committee URL below, which contains image.
Receive our daily Newsletter with all the latest updates on the Greek Travel industry.Subscribe now!