Biotopes MEGALI PRESPA (Lake) FLORINA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 3 sub titles with search on: Biotopes for destination: "MEGALI PRESPA Lake FLORINA".


Biotopes (3)

Hellenic Ornithological Society

Lake Mikri Prespa & Lake Megali Prespa

Official pages

Plants and Animals

  Prespa region has more than 1500 plant species, 23 fish species, 11 amphibians, 21 reptiles, more than 42 species of mammals, and over 260 bird spices that find shelter in the area. The old age of the lakes, the geomorphologic characteristics and the climatic conditions allow for the existence of endemic species, as well as species with a very narrow geographic range in Greece or in Balkans. The traditional cultivation, stock-farming and fishing techniques practiced during hundreds of years in this region also contributed to the creation and conservation of this rich fauna and flora.
  The avifauna of Prespa National Park includes species of vital importance on a national and international level. The larger single colony of Dalmatian Pelican in the world found in Mikri Prespa nesting together with the Great White Pelicans, the only occurrence in the European Union. Here there are Greece?s only breeding colonies of Greylag Geese and goosander, one of the larger breeding colonies of Great White Egret in Greece, as well as the largest colony of Pygmy Cormorant in the European Union.
  Some of the small birds found in the juniper scrub of Devas, such as the somber Tit, the Subalpine Warbler the Black-eared Wheatear and the Cirl Bunting are characteristic of the Mediterranean zones.
  Mammal species such as Brown Bears, Wolves and Chamois are found on the mountain slopes, and others occur in the wetlands areas.
  The fish fauna of the lakes includes 23 species, 12 of them being endemic species or subspecies of Prespa. The carp, barbell, roach, chub and nase are the most important fisheries in the region.
  Two of the reptile species of Prespa, the Adder and the sand Lizard have here the most southerly point of their distribution in Europe, while the Lizard Algyroides nigropunctatus is and endemic species of the western Balkan area.
  The flora of Prespa comprises that have been given status of international protection of various grades, with many representatives of Balkan endemic plant as well as plants occurring only in Greece and locally.
  Because of the many terrestrial biotopes present in the region, such as sandy and rocky coastal formations, meadow vegetations of plains, hills, woodlands and alpine areas; mixed, deciduous, evergreen forests and sub alpine vegetation, together with the aquatic biotopes, it is very likely that no other region in the whole of Europe has such a variety of forms of life for its size.

This text is cited September 2004 from the Municipality of Prespes URL below, which contains image


Wet Meadows

  The wet meadows are areas surrounding the lake with low aquatic vegetation covered with water at certain seasons of the year, according to the fluctuating lake water level. The water level usually begins to rise from mid winter and reaches its maximum at the end of spring, thus maintaining the wet meadows inundated. The significance of the wet meadows is manifold as they :
- constitute ideal spawning grounds for fish and amphibians,
- host large concentrations of invertebrate organisms, and
- function as principal feeding grounds for many waterbirds.
  The existence of wet meadows is directly related to the control of the reedbeds that surround the lake. If these reedbeds are not subjected to any form of management, they will extend towars the land covering the wet meadows. The relationship therefore, between wet meadows and the reedbeds is dynamic, and the conservation of the former depends largely on human intervention.

This text is cited September 2004 from the Municipality of Prespes URL below, which contains image


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