Listed 5 sub titles with search on: Subjects about the place
for wider area of: "SOUTH AEGEAN
Subjects about the place (5)
Bronze Age myths
Volcanic activity and human response in the Mediterranean and North Atlantic regions
The Changing Face of the Thera Problem
- University College Dublin, Ireland
Siphnos' settlements are characterised by a great variety, since the
town planning in the area of Castro, for instance, is completely different from
the other areas, because it has a strictly defensive character.
Castro's settlement, despite the years that have passed by, still
maintains its medieval character unchanged, with the narrow lanes full of marble
sarcophagi, 'lontzies' (gates through which one enters the settlement) and of
course the remains of the castle which used to dominate on its top. Most of the
houses are two- and three-storeyed, open from one side to the other, with a great
number of marble relieves carved inside their walls.
Most traditional settlements are concentrated on the island's central
plateau, resulting in their borders being difficult to discern, giving the impression
of a continuous settlement having no beginning and no end. There is a traditional
pedestrian zone starting at Artemonas and reaching down to Katavati, passing through
the settlements of Ano Petali and Apollonia, while a stone paved road is also
connecting Aghios Loukas with Exambela, Kato Petali and Castro.
One main feature of these settlements is their coherent cubic architecture
of Cycladic style and the white colour. Another fact characteristic of the Cyclades
is the existence of numerous snow-white churches, incorporated in the settlements
and consisting their integral parts. The area of Artemonas is also renown for
its noble houses.
ll along its coasts, there are settlements developed parallel to the seashore.
The first buildings were old pottery shops with furnaces, which were built near
the beach so that the caiques (small fishing boats) could have direct access to
load the ceramics.Many of them remain open until today.
The 'themonies' (haystacks), together with the 'peristeriones' (pigeon
houses) are the local rural houses. They usually have one room with few auxiliary
spaces, such as cellars for storing products, a winepress, a stable and often
a threshing floor.
This text is cited August 2004 from the Municipality of Sifnos URL below, which contains images
The Cean Laws
The laws of Iulis were very celebrated in antiquity; and hence Cean
Laws were used proverbially to indicate any excellent institutions. (Comp. Plat.
Prot. p. 341, Leg. i. p. 638; Bockh, ad Min. p. 109.) These laws related to the
morals of the citizens and their mode of life. One of them quoted by Menander
was particularly celebrated: ho me dunamenos zen kalos ou zei kakos.
It was said that every citizen above 60 years of age was obliged to
put an end to his life by poison, for which we find two reasons assigned; one
that there might be a sufficient maintenance left for the other inhabitants, and
the other that they might not suffer from sickness or weakness in their old age.
(Strab. l. c.; Steph. B. s. v. Ioulis; Aelian, V. H. iii. 37; Val. Max. ii. 6.
§ 8; Heracl. Pont. Pol. c. 9) Other Cean laws are mentioned by Heraclides Pont.
(Pol. c. 9) and Athenaeus (xiii. p. 610; comp. Muller, Aeginetica, p. 132).
This extract is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)
Arts & Culture
Apart from being renowned the world over as the island of the Sponge
Divers, Kalymnos is also the island of Letters and the Arts. Scattered around
the island are churches worth visiting and museums where works of art and findings
of inestimable value are exhibited. Since the late 1800s a great number of inspired
artists, painters, sculptors and men of letters have left their stamp upon the
world of Art.
Several of the above were the offspring of simple-divers. And yet
we see them acquiring a good education and developing into outstanding talents.
They have brilliant careers and create masterpieces.
Some of the most significant painters are: S. Maglis, S. Galouzis,
G. Economou, M. Zairis, M. Alahouzos, A. Karafyllakis, Billiris, Kourounis and
There are numerous churches where one can find these artists’
works and whose architectural style is to be greatly admired, such as: the Cathedral
Church of Christ the Saviour, the Church of Virgin Mary at Hora
with its gild temple, the Church of Panagia Hosti in Vathi,
the Church of the Apostles in Argos,
of St. George in Panormos,
of Agios Savas and many others.
The museums one can visit are: the Archaeological
museum ("Vouvalio"), the Maritime
museum and the Folk museum in Pothia.
There one can find items that show the customs the working methods and the habits
of the sponge divers. The Valsamides museum in Vlychadia,
which contains unique underwater findings. Finally the Traditional House on the
way to Agios Savas where you will be taken back in time and will get an idea of
customs and traditional lifestyle of the island.
This text (extract) is cited November 2003 from the Municipality
of Kalymnos tourist pamphlet.