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Olympic games (8)
Ancient authors' reports
Later on there (at Olympia) came (they say ) from Crete Clymenus,
the son of Cardys, about fifty years after the flood came upon the Greeks in the
time of Deucalion. He was descended from Heracles of Ida; he held the games at
Olympia and set up an altar in honor of Heracles, his ancestor, and the other
Curetes, giving to Heracles the surname of Parastates (Assistant ). And Endymion,
the son of Aethlius, deposed Clymenus, and set his sons a race in Olympia with
the kingdom as the prize. And about a generation later than Endymion, Pelops held
the games in honor of Olympian Zeus in a more splendid manner than any of his
predecessors. (Paus. 5.8.1)
There (at Olympia) are also altars of all gods, and of Hera surnamed
Olympian, this too being made of ashes. They say that it was dedicated by Clymenus.(Paus.
In this district (of Pisa at Elia) is a hill rising to a sharp peak,
on which are the ruins of the city of Phrixa, as well as a temple of Athena surnamed
Cydonian. This temple is not entire, but the altar is still there. The sanctuary
was founded for the goddess, they say, by Clymenus, a descendant of Idaean Heracles,
and he came from Cydonia in Crete and from the river Jardanus. The Eleans say
that Pelops too sacrificed to Cydonian Athena before he set about his contest
with Oenomaus. (Paus. 6.21.6)
This extract is from: Pausanias. Description of Greece (ed. W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., & H.A. Ormerod, 1918). Cited Nov 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.
Ancient olympic champions, boxing
Diognetus, 488 B.C., 73rd Olympiad
Ancient olympic champions, boys' stadium
Icadion, 456 B.C., 81st Olympiad
Ancient olympic champions, long-race
Aegeidas, 448 B.C., 83rd Olympiad
anonymous, 396 B.C., 96th Olympiad
Sotades, 99th & 100th Olympiads, 384 & 380 B.C.
Sotades at the ninety-ninth Festival was victorious in the long race and proclaimed a Cretan, as in fact he was. But at the next Festival he made himself an Ephesian, being bribed to do so by the Ephesian people. For this act he was banished by the Cretans.
Ergoteles, the son of Philanor
Ergoteles, the son of Philanor, won two victories in the long foot-race at Olympia, and two at Pytho, the Isthmus and Nemea. The inscription on the statue states that he came originally from Himera; but it is said that this is incorrect, and that be was a Cretan from Cnossus. Expelled from Cnossus by a political party he came to Himera, was given citizenship and won many honors besides. It was accordingly natural for him to be proclaimed at the games as a native of Himera.
- Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece
Ancient olympic champions, stadium
Damas or Damasias, 25 A.D., 201st Olympiad