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Listed 5 sub titles with search on: Ancient literary sources for destination: "ISTHMUS KORINTHOS Isthmus LOUTRAKI-PERACHORA".

Ancient literary sources (5)

Perseus Encyclopedia


Of Corinth, belongs to Poseidon, Melicertes buried on it, graves of Neleus and Sisyphus on it, vain attempt to cut it through, Greek council of war there, decision to guard it, to withdraw the fleet thither from Salamis, decision reversed, idea of fortifying it against Gauls, Peloponnesian policy of holding it, Greek advance from the isthmus, dedication of spoils of war there, of Corinth, the Argo dedicated to Poseidon at the, traversed by the Cretan bull, cleared of malefactors by Theseus, oracle concerning the, Sinis at the, the goal of the chariotrace for the suitors of Hippodamia.



The Corinthian Isthmus stretches on the one hand to the sea at Cenchreae, and on the other to the sea at Lechaeum. For this is what makes the region to the south mainland. He who tried to make the Peloponnesus an island gave up before digging through the Isthmus. Where they began to dig is still to be seen, but into the rock they did not advance at all. So it still is mainland as its nature is to be. Alexander the son of Philip wished to dig through Mimas, and his attempt to do this was his only unsuccessful project. The Cnidians began to dig through their isthmus, but the Pythian priestess stopped them. So difficult it is for man to alter by violence what Heaven has made.


Greeks built a wall across the Isthmus

  That very night the land army of the barbarians began marching to the Peloponnese. Yet every possible device had been used to prevent the barbarians from invading by the mainland. As soon as the Peloponnesians learned that Leonidas and his men at Thermopylae were dead, they ran together from their cities and took up their position at the Isthmus. Their general was Cleombrotus son of Anaxandrides, the brother of Leonidas. When they were in position at the Isthmus, they demolished the Scironian road and then, after resolving in council, built a wall across the Isthmus. Since there were many tens of thousands and everyone worked, the task was completed, as they brought in stones and bricks and logs and baskets full of sand. At no moment of the day or night did those who had marched out there rest from their work.
  These were the Hellenes who marched out in a body to the Isthmus: the Lacedaemonians and all the Arcadians, the Eleans and Corinthians and Sicyonians and Epidaurians and Phliasians and Troezenians and Hermioneans. These were the ones who marched out and feared for Hellas in her peril. The rest of the Peloponnesians cared nothing, though the Olympian and Carnean festivals were now past...
... Those at the Isthmus were involved in so great a labor, since all they had was at stake and they did not expect the ships (at Salamis)to win distinction.

This extract is from: Herodotus. The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited Oct 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


Peloponnesian war-military actions at Isthmus

These were the allies of Lacedaemon: all the Peloponnesians within the Isthmus except the Argives and Achaeans, who were neutral; Pellene being the only Achaean city that first joined in the war, though her example was afterwards followed by the rest. Outside Peloponnese the Megarians, Locrians, Boeotians, Phocians, Ambraciots, Leucadians, and Anactorians.

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