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Ancient literary sources (4)
Fifty stades, I conjecture, from Temenium is Nauplia, which at the present day is uninhabited; its founder was Nauplius, reputed to be a son of Poseidon and Amymone. Of the walls, too, ruins still remain and in Nauplia are a sanctuary of Poseidon, harbors, and a spring called Canathus. Here, say the Argives, Hera bathes every year and recovers her maidenhood.
This is one of the sayings told as a holy secret at the mysteries which they celebrate in honor of Hera. The story told by the people in Nauplia about the ass, how by nibbling down the shoots of a vine he caused a more plenteous crop of grapes in the future, and how for this reason they have carved an ass on a rock, because he taught the pruning of vines--all this I pass over as trivial. (Paus. 2.38.2)
- Pausanias, Description of Greece
A town on the sea-coast of Argolis, Nauplians of Egyptian descent, Nauplians, being expelled by Argives, receive Mothone in Messene from Lacedaemonians.
- Nauplion: Perseus Encyclopedia
Abacus (Abax, Abakion)
- A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890) (eds. William Smith, LLD, William Wayte, G. E. Marindin)
After Temenium comes Nauplia, the naval station of the Argives: and the name is
derived from the fact that the place is accessible to ships. And it is on the
basis of this name, it is said, that the myth of Nauplius and his sons has been
fabricated by the more recent writers of myth, for Homer would not have failed
to mention these, if Palamedes had displayed such wisdom and sagacity, and if
he was unjustly and treacherously murdered, and if Nauplius wrought destruction
to so many men at Cape Caphereus.
But in addition to its fabulous character the genealogy of Nauplius is also wholly
incorrect in respect to the times involved; for, granting that he was the son
of Poseidon, how could a man who was still alive at the time of the Trojan war
have been the son of Amymone? Next after Nauplia one comes to the caverns and
the labyrinths built in them, which are called Cyclopeian. (Stabo 8.6.2)
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