Ancient literary sources NAFPLIO (Municipality) PELOPONNISOS - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Ancient literary sources (9)

Pausanias

NAFPLIA (Ancient city) NAFPLIO
Fifty stades, I conjecture, from Temenium is Nauplia, which at the present day is uninhabited; its founder was Nauplius, reputed to be a son of Poseidon and Amymone. Of the walls, too, ruins still remain and in Nauplia are a sanctuary of Poseidon, harbors, and a spring called Canathus. Here, say the Argives, Hera bathes every year and recovers her maidenhood.
This is one of the sayings told as a holy secret at the mysteries which they celebrate in honor of Hera. The story told by the people in Nauplia about the ass, how by nibbling down the shoots of a vine he caused a more plenteous crop of grapes in the future, and how for this reason they have carved an ass on a rock, because he taught the pruning of vines--all this I pass over as trivial. (Paus. 2.38.2)

TIRYNS (Mycenean palace) ARGOLIS
  On the way from Argos to Epidauria there is on the right a building made very like a pyramid, and on it in relief are wrought shields of the Argive shape. Here took place a fight for the throne between Proetus and Acrisius; the contest, they say, ended in a draw, and a reconciliation resulted afterwards, as neither could gain a decisive victory. The story is that they and their hosts were armed with shields, which were first used in this battle. For those that fell on either side was built here a common tomb, as they were fellow citizens and kinsmen.
  Going on from here and turning to the right, you come to the ruins of Tiryns. The Tirynthians also were removed by the Argives, who wished to make Argos more powerful by adding to the population. The hero Tiryns, from whom the city derived its name, is said to have been a son of Argus, a son of Zeus. The wall, which is the only part of the ruins still remaining, is a work of the Cyclopes made of unwrought stones, each stone being so big that a pair of mules could not move the smallest from its place to the slightest degree. Long ago small stones were so inserted that each of them binds the large blocks firmly together.
  Going down seawards, you come to the chambers of the daughters of Proetus. On returning to the highway you will reach Medea on the left hand.(2.25.7-8)

Perseus Encyclopedia

Asinaea

ASSINI (Ancient city) ARGOLIS

Nauplion

NAFPLIA (Ancient city) NAFPLIO
A town on the sea-coast of Argolis, Nauplians of Egyptian descent, Nauplians, being expelled by Argives, receive Mothone in Messene from Lacedaemonians.

Tiryns

TIRYNS (Mycenean palace) ARGOLIS
Walls of Tiryns built of huge stones by Cyclopes, fortified by the Cyclopes, occupied by Proetus, belonged to Proetus, Perseus reigns over, throne of, seized by Sthenelus, Herakles ordered to dwell at, Eurytus thrown by Herakles from the walls of, Herakles flees from, in Argolis, a battle near it between Argos and Sparta, occupied by the Argives' slaves, destroyed by Argives after Persian war, images taken by Argives from, ruins of, only walls remain, traces of house of Proetus at, Tirynthians in Pausanias' army, Tirynthians fight at Plataea.

Perseus Project

Abacus (Abax, Abakion)

NAFPLIA (Ancient city) NAFPLIO

Strabo

ASSINI (Ancient city) ARGOLIS
It is said that Asine too was a habitation of the Dryopians--whether, being inhabitants of the regions of the Spercheius, they were settled here by the Arcadian Dryops, as Aristotle has said, or whether they were driven by Heracles out of the part of Doris that is near Parnassus. As for the Scyllaeum in Hermione, they say that it was named after Scylla, the daughter of Nisus, who, they say, out of love for Minos betrayed Nisaea to him and was drowned in the sea by him, and was here cast ashore by the waves and buried. Eiones was a village, which was depopulated by the Mycenaeans and made into a naval station, but later it disappeared from sight and now is not even a naval station. (Strabo 8.6.13)

NAFPLIA (Ancient city) NAFPLIO
After Temenium comes Nauplia, the naval station of the Argives: and the name is derived from the fact that the place is accessible to ships. And it is on the basis of this name, it is said, that the myth of Nauplius and his sons has been fabricated by the more recent writers of myth, for Homer would not have failed to mention these, if Palamedes had displayed such wisdom and sagacity, and if he was unjustly and treacherously murdered, and if Nauplius wrought destruction to so many men at Cape Caphereus. But in addition to its fabulous character the genealogy of Nauplius is also wholly incorrect in respect to the times involved; for, granting that he was the son of Poseidon, how could a man who was still alive at the time of the Trojan war have been the son of Amymone? Next after Nauplia one comes to the caverns and the labyrinths built in them, which are called Cyclopeian. (Stabo 8.6.2)

TIRYNS (Mycenean palace) ARGOLIS
Now it seems that Tiryns was used as a base of operations by Proetus, and was walled by him through the aid of the Cyclopes, who were seven in number, and were called "Bellyhands" because they got their food from their handicraft, and they came by invitation from Lycia. And perhaps the caverns near Nauplia and the works therein are named after them. (Strabo 8.6.11)

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