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Listed 100 (total found 134) sub titles with search on: Ancient literary sources for wider area of: "ARCADIA Prefecture PELOPONNISOS" .


Ancient literary sources (134)

Demosthenes

MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

For the People of Megalopolis

But if the Lacedaemonians act unjustly and insist on fighting, then, on the one hand, if the only question to be decided is whether we shall abandon Megalopolis to them or not, just indeed it is not, but I for my part agree to allow it and to offer no opposition to the people who shared the same dangers with us; but, on the other hand, if you are all aware that the capture of Megalopolis will be followed by an attack on Messene, I ask any of those who are now so hard on the Megalopolitans to tell me what he will advise us to do then.


But I shall get no answer. Yet you all know that, whether these speakers advise it or not, you are bound to help the Messenians, both for the sake of your sworn agreement with them and for the advantage that you derive from the preservation of their city. Just ask yourselves at what point you would begin to make your stand against Lacedaemonian injustice with more honor and generosity--with the defence of Megalopolis or with the defence of Messene?


Herodotus

KYNOURIA (Province) ARCADIA

Seven nations inhabit the Peloponnese. Two of these are aboriginal and are now settled in the land where they lived in the old days, the Arcadians and Cynurians. One nation, the Achaean, has never left the Peloponnese, but it has left its own country and inhabits another nation's land. The four remaining nations of the seven are immigrants, the Dorians and Aetolians and Dryopians and Lemnians. The Dorians have many famous cities, the Aetolians only Elis, the Dryopians Hermione and Asine near Laconian Cardamyle, the Lemnians all the Paroreatae. The Cynurians are aboriginal and seem to be the only Ionians, but they have been Dorianized by time and by Argive rule. They are the Orneatae and the perioikoi. All the remaining cities of these seven nations, except those I enumerated, stayed neutral. If I may speak freely, by staying neutral they medized.

This extract is from: Herodotus. The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


Identified with the location:

PARASSIA (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Lycosura

The district of the Parrhasians was to the West of Megalopolis, towards Alpheus. Its capital was Lycosura. Some claim that Parrhasia was the ancient name of Lycosura, which means that they identify the two towns (Ekdotiki Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 5, p. 292, note 1).


Pausanias

AKAKISSION (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Hermes Acacesian (the Helper)

It was after this Acacus, according to the Arcadian account, that Homer made a surname for Hermes.


LADON (River) ARCADIA

The fish that cried like birds

Among the fish in the Aroanius is one called the dappled fish. These dappled fish, it is said, utter a cry like that of the thrush. I have seen fish that have been caught, but I never heard their cry, though I waited by the river even until sunset, at which time the fish were said to cry most.


LOUTRA (Village) IREA

The baths of Heraea

The founder of Heraea was Heraeeus the son of Lycaon, and the city lies on the right of the Alpheius, mostly upon a gentle slope, though a part descends right to the Alpheius. Walks have been made along the river, separated by myrtles and other cultivated trees; the baths are there, as are also two temples to Dionysus.


LYKEON (Mountain) ARCADIA

Lycaeus

Mount, called also Olympus and Sacred Peak.


LYKOSSOURA (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Lycosura

City of Arcadia, built by Lycaon, oldest city on earth, residence of Clitor and of Arcesilaus, Lycosurians refuse to abandon their city and settle at Megalopolis.


The first city that the sun beheld

Of all the cities that earth has ever shown, whether on mainland or on islands, Lycosura is the oldest, and was the first that the sun beheld; from it the rest of mankind have learned how to make them cities.


TEFTHIS (Ancient city) DIMITSANA

Adjoining the land of Theisoa is a village called Teuthis, which in old days was a town. In the Trojan war the inhabitants supplied a general of their own. His name according to some was Teuthis, according to others Ornytus. When the Greeks failed to secure favorable winds to take them from Aulis, but were shut in for a long time by a violent gale, Teuthis quarrelled with Agamemnon and was about to lead the Arcadians under his command back home again. Whereupon, they say, Athena in the guise of Melas, the son of Ops, tried to turn Teuthis aside from his journey home. But Teuthis, his wrath swelling within him, struck with his spear the thigh of the goddess, and actually did lead his army back from Aulis. On his return to his native land the goddess appeared to him in a vision with a wound in her thigh. After this a wasting disease fell on Teuthis, and its people, alone of the Arcadians, suffered from famine. Later, oracles were delivered to them from Dodona, telling them what to do to appease the goddess, and in particular they had an image of Athena made with a wound in the thigh. This image I have myself seen, with its thigh swathed in a purple bandage. There are also at Teuthis sanctuaries of Aphrodite and Artemis.

This extract is from: Pausanias. Description of Greece (ed. W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., & H.A. Ormerod, 1918). Cited April 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


TRIKOLONI (Ancient city) TRIKOLONES

Tricoloni

Once Tricoloni also was a city, and even to-day there still remains on a hill a sanctuary of Poseidon with a square image, and around the sanctuary stands a grove of trees. These cities had as founders the sons of Lycaon; but Zoetia, some fifteen stades from Tricoloni, not lying on the straight road but to the left of Tricoloni, was founded, they say, by Zoeteus, the son of Tricolonus. Paroreus, the younger of the sons of Tricolonus, also founded a city, in this case Paroria, ten stades distant from Zoetia. To-day both towns are without inhabitants. In Zoetia, however, there still remains a temple of Demeter and Artemis. There are also other ruins of cities: of Thyraeum, fifteen stades from Paroria, and of Hypsus, lying above the plain on a mountain which is also called Hypsus. The district between Thyraeum and Hypsus is all mountainous and full of wild beasts. My narrative has already pointed out that Thyraeus and Hypsus were sons of Lycaon.

    English

Perseus Encyclopedia

AFIDANTES (Ancient city) TEGEA

Aphidantes

Township of Tegea.


AFRODISSION (Ancient small town) MEGALOPOLIS

Aphrodisium

Place in Arcadia near Asea.


AKAKISSION (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Acacesium

City of Arcadia.


AKONTION (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLIS

Acontium

City of Arcadia.


ALOUS (Ancient city) KLITORAS

Oryx-Halus

Place(s) in Arcadia.


AMILOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI

Amilus

Place in Arcadia.


ANTHINI (Ancient city) ASTROS

Anthene, Athene

Village of Thyreatis.


ARKADIA (Ancient area) PELOPONNISOS

Arcadia

History, formerly called Pelasgia, boundaries, highest mountain of, kings, cities of A. abandoned to found Megalopolis, part of A. conquered by Orestes, Oresteum in, Lycurgus in, Atalanta in, the hearth of Telephus in, ravaged by a bull, traversed by the mad daughters of Proetus, Stymphalus in, the Cretan bull roams over, Herakles in, Arcas brought up in, Cyllene in, booty of cattle driven from, Mantinea in, its relations with Sparta, a Pelasgian people, preservation of thc cult of Demeter, Cleomenes in Arcadia, Arcadian settlements in Cyprus, Arcadians at Thermopylae, Arcadian deserters to Xerxes, Arcadians in the Greek army on the Isthmus.


ASSEA (Ancient city) VALTETSI

Asea

City of Arcadia, its ruins. [Some identify Asea with Iasea, but they were probably two different towns (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p.291, note 6).


ATHINEON (Ancient city) VALTETSI

Athenaeum

Place near Asea.


AZANIA (Ancient area) ARKADIA

Azania

District of Arcadia.


CHARISSIES (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Charisia

City of Arcadia, vestiges of it.


DASSES (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Dasea

City of Arcadia.


DIPEA (Ancient city) FALANTHOS

Dipaea, Dipaia

In Arcadia, scene of a battle about 470 B.C. between Spartans and Arcadians.


DIPINA (Ancient small town) MEGALOPOLIS

Dipoena

City of Arcadia.


ECHEVITHIS (Ancient demos) KORYTHIO

Echeuethenses

Township of Tegea.


EFTEA (Ancient city) SKYRITIDA

Eutaea

City of Arcadia.


EFTRYSSIA (Ancient area) ARCADIA

Eutresia, Eutresians

A division of Arcadians. Eutresian cities: Tricoloni, Zoetium, Charisia, Ptolederma, Cnausum, Paroreia. (Paus. 8.27.3)


EGYTIS (Ancient area) ARKADIA

Aegytians

A division of Arcadians, Aegytian district of Arcadia. Cities: Aegys, Scirtonium, Malea, Cromi, Blenina, Leuctrum (Paus. 8.27.4)


ELISSON (Ancient city) FALANTHOS

Helisson

City of Arcadia.


EMONIE (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Haemoniae

City of Arcadia.


ENISPI (Ancient city) VYTINA

Enispe

Island in river Ladon in Arcadia.


EVA (Ancient settlement) ASTROS

Eva

Village of Thyreatis.


FALANTHOS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Phalanthus

City of Arcadia.


FALESSIE (Ancient city) FALESSIA

Phalaesiae

Place in Arcadia.


FYLAKI (Ancient city) SKYRITIDA

Phylace

Place at source of Alpheus.


Phylacenses

Township of Tegea.


GAREA (Ancient city) ASTROS

Gareatae

Township of Tegea.


GATHEES (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Gatheae

Place in Arcadia.


GLYPPIA (Ancient small town) LEONIDION

Glyppia

Village of Laconia.


GORTYS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Gortys

City of Arcadia.


IASSOS (Ancient city) SKYRITIDA

Iasus

Town on borders of Laconia.


Iasaea

City of Arcadia. [Some identify Asea with Iasea, but they were probably two different towns (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p.291, note 6).


IATES (Ancient city) SKYRITIDA

Oeatae

Township of Tegea.


IREA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Heraea

City of Arcadia.


KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI

Caphya

City of Arcadia, plain of Caphyae, Caphyatic rock.


KALLIA (Ancient small town) MEGALOPOLIS

Callia

City of Arcadia.


KAOS (Ancient city) KONTOVAZENA

Caus

Village of Arcadia.


KNAFSON (Ancient small town) MEGALOPOLIS

Cnausum

City of Arcadia.


KONDYLEA (Ancient location) LEVIDI

Condylea

Place in Arcadia, near Caphyae. (Paus. 8.23.6)


KORYTHIS (Ancient city) KORYTHIO

Corythenses

Township of Tegea.


KOTILION (Mountain) GORTYS

Cotilum


KRITEAS (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Cretea

Place on Mt. Lycaeus.(Paus. 8,38,2).


KROMI (Ancient city) FALESSIA

Cromi

City of Arcadia.


Cromitian

District of Arcadia.


KYNOUREI (Ancient tribe) ARCADIA

Cynurii

A division of Arcadians. (Paus. 8.27.4), alleged to be aboriginal (Hdt. 8.73), expelled from Cynuria by Lacedaemonians (Paus. 3.2.2, 3.7.2)
Cities of Cynurians: Gortys, Theisoa by Mount Lycaeus, Lycaea, Aliphera. (Paus. 8.27.4)


LADOKIA (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Ladocea

Suburb of Megalopolis.


LADON (River) ARCADIA

Spring of the Ladon

River of Arcadia, tributary of Alpheus, its source, its lower course, no fairer river than Ladon, its water the most beautiful in Greece, daughter of Ladon (Daphne) loved by Apollo, Evander a grandson of Ladon, the Cerynitian hind shot by Herakles at the, father of Metope.


LEFKTRON (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Leuctrum

City of Arcadia.


LYKEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Lycaea

City of Arcadia.


LYKOA (Ancient city) FALANTHOS

Lycoa

City of Arcadia.


MAINALON (Ski centre) ARCADIA

Ostracina

Mountain of Arcadia.


MAKARIE (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Macareae

City of Arcadia.


MALEA (Ancient small town) MEGALOPOLIS

Malaea

City of Arcadia.


MANTHYREA (Ancient city) TEGEA

Manthyrenses

Township of Tegea.


MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Ptolis

Site of old Mantinea.


Mantinea

City of Arcadia, founded by Mantineus, Penelope said to have given birth to Pan at, its name changed to Antigonea, but afterwards changed back to Mantinea, roads from Argos to Mantinea, M. held by Macedonian garrison but captured by Aratus, ruins of old Mantinea, an arbitrator sent thence to settle the affairs of Cyrene, battle of Mantinea, pictures of battle of Mantinea at Athens and Mantinea, boundary of Mantinean territory.


MARATHA (Ancient city) GORTYS

Maratha

Place in Arcadia.


MARIOS (Ancient city) LEONIDION

Marius

City of Free Laconians.


MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Megalopolis

Newest city of Arcadia, its history, founded by Epaminondas, formed by union of cities, besieged by Agis, king of Sparta, captured by Cleomenes, battle of, description of the city, intersected by Helisson, its theater the largest in Greece, boundaries of its territory, its ruin and desolation, image of.


MELENEES (Ancient city) IREA

Melaenae

City of Arcadia.


MENALIA (Ancient area) ARKADIA

Maenalia, Maenalian

District of Arcadia, bleak.


MENALON (Mountain) LEVIDI

Maenalus

Mount, sacred to Pan.


MENALOS (Ancient city) FALANTHOS

Maenalus

Of old the most famous city of Arcadia.


MERA (Ancient small town) MANTINIA

Maera

Village near Mantinea.


METHYDRION (Ancient city) VYTINA

Methydrium

City of Arcadia, founded by Orchomenus.


NASSI (Ancient small town) LEVIDI

Nasi

Place in Arcadia beside river Ladon.


NESTANI (Acropolis) MANTINIA

Nestane

Village of Arcadia.


NIRIS (Ancient city) ASTROS

Neris

Village of Thyreatis.


OGION (Ancient city) TROPEA

Onceum

Place in Arcadia.


ORCHOMENOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI

Orchomenus

City of Arcadia, boundaries, called `rich in sleep' by Homer, towns belonging to it, Orchomenians of Arcadia at Thermopylae, at Plataea, distinguished from Minyan Orchomenians of Boeotia.


Orchomenians

Their muster for the Trojan war.


ORESTHION (Ancient city) VALTETSI

Oresteum

In Arcadia, Orestes killed by snakebite at, later name of Oresthasium.


Oresthasium

City of Arcadia, afterwards called Oresteum, its remains, heroic death of 100 men of, Phigalians sacrifice to them annually.


PALISKIOS (Ancient location) VALTETSI

Paliscius

Place in Arcadia.


PALLANTION (Ancient city) TRIPOLI

Pallantion (Pallantium)

City of Arcadia, founded by Pallas, granted freedom and immunity from taxes by Antoninus First, plain of.


PARASSIA (Ancient area) ARKADIA

Parrhasia

District of Arcadia, Parrhasians, towns of the Parrhasians.


PARORIA (Ancient city) MEGALOPOLI

Paroria

City of Arcadia.


PARTHENION (Mountain) KORYTHIO

Parthenius or Parthenium

Mount, infant Telephus exposed on.


PERETHEI (Ancient small town) VALTETSI

Peraethenses

City of Arcadia.


PETROSSAKA (Ancient small town) FALANTHOS

Petrosaca

Place in Arcadia.


POTACHIDES (Ancient city) KORYTHIO

Potachidae

Township of Tegea.


PRASSIES (Ancient city) LEONIDION

Brasiae

City of Free Laconians.


PROSSIS (Ancient small town) MEGALOPOLIS

Prosenses

City of Arcadia.


PTOLEDERMA (Ancient small town) MEGALOPOLIS

Ptolederma

City of Arcadia.


RETEES (Ancient city) GORTYS

Rhaeteae

Place in Arcadia where the Gortynius joins the Alpheus.


RIPI (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Rhipe

Place in Arcadia.


SCHINOUS (Ancient city) VYTINA

Schoenus

Place in Arcadia.


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